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U+65CF, 族
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65CF

[U+65CE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65D0]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 70, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人人大 (YSOOK), four-corner 08234, composition𠂉)

Derived charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 484, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13661
  • Dae Jaweon: page 846, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2181, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65CF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰoːɡs, *sʰoːɡ
*sʰoːɡs, *soːʔ, *soːɡs
*zroːɡ
*ʔsoːɡ
*sʰoːɡ
*sʰoːɡ
*zoːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (flag) +  (arrow).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡su³⁵/
Harbin /t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡su⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡su⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sou²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰu¹³/
/t͡su¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡sʰu³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
Suzhou /zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zoʔ²/
Wenzhou /jɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰu²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚²/
Nanning /t͡suk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡su⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tok̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˁok/
English clan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zoːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. clan; family clan; tribe
  2. ethnic group; nationality
  3. group or class of things with common features
  4. (historical) to impose a death penalty on an offender and his entire family, and even on the families of his mother and wife

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (zòu).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. tribe
  2. family

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ぞく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡zuk̚).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(hiragana ぞく, rōmaji zoku)

  1. (chemistry) a group (column in the periodic table)
  2. (taxonomy) a tribe

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡zuk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 𫞀/족〮 (Yale: cwok) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 겨레 (gyeore jok))

  1. Hanja form? of (clan; tribe; ethnic group).
  2. Hanja form? of (group or class of things with common features).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 풍류 가락 (pungnyu garak ju))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (to perform music).
  2. Alternative form of
SynonymsEdit
  • (to perform music): ( (ju))

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit