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See also: 眼镜

Contents

ChineseEdit

eye mirror; lens
trad. (眼鏡)
simp. (眼镜)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

眼鏡

  1. glasses; eyeglasses; spectacles (Classifier: m c)
    眼鏡 / 眼镜  ―  dài yǎnjìng  ―  to wear glasses
    眼鏡 / 眼镜  ―  zhāi yǎnjìng  ―  to take off one's glasses
    眼鏡 / 眼镜 [Cantonese]  ―  ceoi4 ngaan5 geng3 [Jyutping]  ―  to take off one's glasses

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 眼鏡 (“eyeglasses”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 靉靆, 眼鏡
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼鏡
Mandarin Beijing 眼鏡兒
Taiwan 眼鏡
Tianjin 眼鏡兒
Harbin 眼鏡兒, 鏡子
Jinan 眼鏡子, 鏡子
Muping 眼鏡
Luoyang 眼鏡兒, 二餅兒 derogatory
Wanrong 眼鏡, 鏡子 dated, 二柄子 derogatory
Xi'an 眼鏡
Zhengzhou 眼鏡
Xining 眼鏡兒, 眼鏡兒子
Xuzhou 二餅 humorous
Yinchuan 眼鏡
Lanzhou 眼鏡子, 鏡子, 二軲轆 humorous
Ürümqi 眼鏡子, 鏡子
Wuhan 眼鏡, 鏡子 dated, 玻璃 humorous
Huanggang 眼鏡兒
Chengdu 眼鏡兒, 眼鏡
Guiyang 眼鏡
Guilin 眼鏡
Liuzhou 眼鏡
Yangzhou 眼鏡子
Nanjing 眼鏡, 二餅 humorous
Malaysia 眼鏡
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 眼鏡子
Cantonese Guangzhou 眼鏡
Hong Kong 眼鏡
Foshan 眼鏡
Shunde 眼鏡
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 眼鏡
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 眼鏡
Taishan 眼鏡
Kaiping (Chikan) 眼鏡
Dongguan 眼鏡, 二文錢 dated
Shaoguan 眼鏡
Yunfu 眼鏡
Xinyi 眼鏡
Lianjiang 眼鏡
Nanning 眼鏡
Wuzhou 眼鏡
Yulin 眼鏡
Hepu 眼鏡
Gan Nanchang 眼鏡子
Lichuan 眼鏡
Pingxiang 眼鏡
Hakka Meixian 目鏡, 眼鏡
Luchuan 眼鏡
Yudu 眼鏡
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目鏡, 眼枷仔 dated, 眼枷 dated
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目鏡, 眼鏡, 眼枷仔, 眼枷
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目鏡
Dongshi (Dabu) 目鏡
Hsinchu (Raoping) 目鏡
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目鏡
Huizhou Jixi 眼鏡
Jin Taiyuan 眼鏡
Xinzhou 眼鏡, 二餅子 derogatory
Hohhot 眼鏡兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 眼鏡
Songxi 眼鏡
Jianyang 眼鏡
Min Dong Fuzhou 眼鏡
Fuqing 眼鏡
Gutian 眼鏡
Ningde 眼鏡
Zhouning 眼鏡
Fuding 眼鏡
Matsu 眼鏡
Min Nan Xiamen 目鏡
Quanzhou 目鏡
Zhangzhou 目鏡
Taipei 目鏡
Kaohsiung 目鏡
Tainan 目鏡
Taichung 目鏡
Wuqi 目鏡
Hsinchu 目鏡
Taitung 目鏡
Lukang 目鏡
Yilan 目鏡
Magong 目鏡
Penang 目鏡
Singapore 目鏡
Philippines (Manila) 目鏡
Pingnan 眼鏡
Chaozhou 目鏡
Shantou 目鏡
Haifeng 目鏡
Wenchang 目鏡
Haikou 目鏡
Leizhou 目鏡
Puxian Min Putian 目鏡
Xianyou 目鏡
Pinghua Nanning 眼鏡, 眼枷
Guilin 眼鏡子
Wu Shanghai 眼鏡, 托力克
Suzhou 眼鏡
Hangzhou 眼鏡兒
Wenzhou 眼鏡, 眼視鏡
Chongming 眼鏡
Danyang 眼鏡子
Jinhua 眼鏡
Ningbo 蔡眼
Xiang Changsha 眼鏡
Loudi 眼鏡
Quanzhou 眼鏡

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (眼鏡):

JapaneseEdit

 眼鏡 on Japanese Wikipedia
 
眼鏡 (megane, gankyō): a pair of eyeglasses.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
かね > がね
Grade: 4
kun’yomi Irregular

Probably originally a compound of (me, eye) +‎ (kane, metal, in reference to the metal used in eyeglass frames). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), based on an apparent borrowing from Chinese (see the gankyō reading below).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

眼鏡 (hiragana めがね, rōmaji megane)

  1. glasses, eyeglasses
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 5
きょう
Grade: 4
kan’on goon

/ɡankjau//ɡankjɔː//ɡankjoː/

Probably a borrowing from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 靉靆 (aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 靉靆即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 (literally eye + lens).

Compare modern Min Nan reading gán-kiàⁿ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

眼鏡 (hiragana がんきょう, rōmaji gankyō, historical hiragana がんきやう)

  1. (military, possibly archaic) glasses, eyeglasses
Usage notesEdit

This reading was mostly used by the military.[3] May be somewhat archaic now.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

眼鏡 (an-gyeong) (hangeul 안경)

  1. Hanja form? of 안경 (glasses, spectacles).

OkinawanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with Japanese 眼鏡 (gankyō, eyeglasses), ultimately deriving from written Chinese 眼鏡. Eyeglasses are first mentioned in Chinese in the 1400s as 靉靆 (aidai?), a transcription of an Arabic term. By the late Ming dynasty, eyeglasses appear in writing as 靉靆即眼鏡 (“aidai, i.e. eye-lenses”), using the compound term 眼鏡 (literally eye + lens).

NounEdit

眼鏡 (hiragana がんちょー, romaji ganchō)

  1. eyeglasses
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of (, eye, also spelled when used in isolation) +‎ (kagan, mirror; lens).

NounEdit

眼鏡 (hiragana みーかがん, romaji mīkagan)

  1. eyeglasses