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U+526F, 副
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-526F

[U+526E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5270]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一田中弓 (MWLN), four-corner 12600, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 142, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2097
  • Dae Jaweon: page 322, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 347, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+526F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯɡs
*pɯɡs, *pɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ
*pʰɯɡs
*bɯːɡ
*bɯːɡ, *bɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*prɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ
*pʰrɯɡ
*brɯɡ
*brɯɡ, *pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ
*pɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ): phonetic  (OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ) + semantic  (knife).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (2)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuwH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuH/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰək-s/
English secondary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 3404
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. secondary, auxiliary
  2. (grammar) Short for 副詞副词 (fùcí, “adverb”).
  3. classifier for pairs, sets of things & facial expressions
  4. assistant

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (2) (2)
Final () (4) (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰɨuk̚/ /pʰɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiuk̚/ /pʰɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiuk̚/ /pʰiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰuwk̚/ /pʰik̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰiuk̚/ /pʰiək̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭuk̚/ /pʰĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯uk̚/ /pʰi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fu pi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phik ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰrək/
English split, cut open, cleave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
No. 3374 3388
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰɯɡs/ /*pʰrɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to split open

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana ふく, rōmaji fuku-)

  1. assistant, sub-, vice-, auxiliary, supplemental

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bu, bok) (hangeul , , revised bu, bok, McCune-Reischauer pu, pok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phó, pho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.