Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
副-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
副-bigseal.svg 副-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰɯɡs, *pʰrɯɡ, *pʰɯɡ): phonetic  ‎(OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ) + semantic  ‎(knife)

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一田中弓 (MWLN), four-corner 12600, composition)

  1. assist
  2. supplement
  3. assistant

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 142, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2097
  • Dae Jaweon: page 322, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 347, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+526F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (2)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɨuH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰiəuH/ /pʰuwH/ /pʰiuH/ /pʰĭəuH/ /pʰi̯ə̯uH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (2)
Final: (4)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɨuk̚/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰuwk̚/ /pʰiuk̚/ /pʰĭuk̚/ /pʰi̯uk̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (2)
Final: (134)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: pi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰɨk̚/ /pʰɨk̚/ /pʰiek̚/ /pʰik̚/ /pʰiək̚/ /pʰĭək̚/ /pʰi̯ək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ phik › /*pʰrək/ split, cut open, cleave
‹ phjuwH › /*pʰək-s/ secondary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3374 0 /*pʰɯɡs/
3388 0 /*pʰrɯɡ/
3404 0 /*pʰɯɡ/

PrefixEdit

  1. designating somebody/something below another in rank
    作用  ―  zuòyòng  ―  side effect
    總統 / 总统  ―  zǒngtǒng  ―  vice president

NounEdit

  1. (grammar) Abbreviation of 副詞副词 (fùcí, “adverb”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana ふく, romaji fuku-)

  1. assistant, sub-, vice-, auxiliary, supplemental

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bu, bok) (hangeul , , revised bu, bok, McCune-Reischauer pu, pok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phó, pho)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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