U+773C, 眼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-773C

[U+773B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+773D]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrɯːnʔ): semantic (eye) + phonetic (OC *kɯːns) – an ability or an action of the eye.

Etymology 1Edit

Derived from Etymology 2. Displaced common Sino-Tibetan (OC *muɡ, “eye”) in many dialects.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gán - literary;
  • géng/kéng/ngúi/ngái/kán - vernacular (limited to 龍眼龙眼).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian²¹⁴/
Harbin /ian²¹³/
Tianjin /ian¹³/
Jinan /iã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ian⁵³/
Xi'an /niã⁵³/
Xining /ȵiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /ian⁵³/
Guiyang /ian⁴²/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁵³/
Nanjing /ien²¹²/
Hefei /iĩ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
/nie⁵³/
Pingyao /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ŋe²³/
Suzhou /ŋe̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ŋa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋɔ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁴¹/
/ŋan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ŋan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ŋan²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋan²³/
Nanning /ŋɛn²⁴/
Hong Kong /ŋan¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gan⁵³/
/giŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋaiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai²¹³/ 龍~
/mak̚³/ 訓目

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠɛnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚænX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ŋɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ŋænX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋănX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngɛnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤ<r>ə[n]ʔ/
English eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrɯːnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. eye   (Classifier: ; )
  2. to see; to view; to see ... in person
  3. to keep sight of; to monitor; to watch
  4. sight; vision
  5. to testify; to witness
  6. eyelet; aperture; hole; opening
  7. loophole; shortcoming
  8. bubbles of boiling water
  9. mesh
  10. key point; critical moment
  11. (Go) trap
  12. Classifier for springs, wells and ponds.
SynonymsEdit
  • (eye):
Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 (“eye”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼睛
Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
Jinan
Xi'an 眼窩眼睛
Wuhan 眼睛
Chengdu 眼睛
Yangzhou 眼睛
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 眼睛
Hakka Meixian 目珠眼珠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠眼珠
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
Zhuolan (Raoping) 目珠
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
Jin Taiyuan 眼睛
Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭
Min Nan Xiamen 目睭
Taipei 目睭
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 眼睛眼烏珠
Wenzhou 眼烏珠眼靈珠眼兒珠
Xiang Changsha 眼睛
Shuangfeng 眼珠

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown.

PronunciationEdit



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˤə[n]ʔ/
English protrude as a knob

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. protruding; bulging (like bulging eyes)

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
まなこ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Compound of (ma, eye) + (no, genitive case) + (ko, nominalizing suffix). Initial ma is the unbound form of (me, id).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana まなこ, romaji manako)

  1. the pupil; also, the eyes in general
    • c. 790: Daihannya-kyō Ongi (Ishiyamadera manuscript, page 34)
      眼晴 [...] 倭言麻那古

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. Alternative form of

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1978) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3090-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(an) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit