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See also:
U+773C, 眼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-773C

[U+773B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+773D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
krɯːn
kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
ŋrɯːnʔ
ɡrɯːn
ɡrɯːnʔ
ɡrɯːnʔ
kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
kɯːn
kɯːn
kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
kɯːns
kɯːns
kʰɯːnʔ
kʰɯːnʔ
ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
ɡɯːn
ɡɯːn
ɡɯːn
ɡɯːnʔ
ɡɯːns
ŋrɯn
ŋrɯn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrɯːnʔ): semantic  (eye) + phonetic  (OC *kɯːns) – an ability or an action of the eye.

Etymology 1Edit

Derived from Etymology 2. Displaced common Sino-Tibetan (OC *muɡ, “eye”) in many dialects.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gán - literary;
  • géng/kéng/ngúi/ngái/kán - vernacular (limited to 龍眼龙眼).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian²¹⁴/
Harbin /ian²¹³/
Tianjin /ian¹³/
Jinan /iã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ian⁵³/
Xi'an /niã⁵³/
Xining /ȵiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /ian⁵³/
Guiyang /ian⁴²/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁵³/
Nanjing /ien²¹²/
Hefei /iĩ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
/nie⁵³/
Pingyao /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ŋe²³/
Suzhou /ŋe̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ŋa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋɔ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁴¹/
/ŋan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ŋan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ŋan²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋan²³/
Nanning /ŋɛn²⁴/
Hong Kong /ŋan¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gan⁵³/
/giŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋaiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai²¹³/ 龍~
/mak̚³/ 訓目

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠɛnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚænX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ŋɛnX/
Wang
Li
/ŋænX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋănX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngɛnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤ<r>ə[n]ʔ/
English eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrɯːnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) eye (Classifier: ; )
  2. to see; to view; to see ... in person
  3. to keep sight of; to monitor; to watch
  4. sight; vision
  5. to testify; to witness
  6. eyelet; aperture; hole; opening
  7. loophole; shortcoming
  8. bubbles of boiling water
  9. mesh
  10. key point; critical moment
  11. (Go) trap
  12. Classifier for springs, wells and ponds.
SynonymsEdit
  • (eye):
Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 (“eye”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼睛
Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
Taiwan 眼睛
Harbin 眼睛
Shenyang 眼睛
Hailar 眼睛
Ulan Hot 眼睛
Tongliao 眼睛
Chifeng 眼睛眼珠子
Baochang 眼睛
Bayanhot 眼睛
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian 眼窩
Xi'an 眼睛眼窩 suburbs
Xining 眼睛眼窩
Xuzhou 眼睛
Yinchuan 眼睛
Lanzhou
Ürümqi 眼睛
Wuhan 眼睛
Chengdu 眼睛
Guiyang 眼睛
Guilin 眼睛
Liuzhou 眼睛
Kunming 眼睛
Yangzhou 眼睛
Nanjing 眼睛
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 眼睛
Lichuan 眼睛
Pingxiang 眼珠
Hakka Meixian 眼珠目珠
Xingning 眼珠
Huidong 眼珠
Qujiang 眼珠
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan 眼睛
Changting 目珠
Pingyu 眼珠目珠
Wuping 目珠
Liancheng 目珠
Ninghua 眼珠
Yudu 眼睛
Ruijin 眼珠
Shicheng 眼睛
Shangyou 眼珠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠眼珠
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
Zhuolan (Raoping) 目珠
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
Hong Kong
Sabah 眼珠仁
Senai
Singkawang 目珠
Huizhou Jixi 眼睛眼烏珠眼烏珠子
Jin Taiyuan 眼睛
Xinzhou
Jining 眼窩
Hohhot 眼窩
Baotou 眼窩
Dongsheng 眼窩
Linhe 眼窩
Haibowan 眼窩
Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭
Fuqing 目睭
Matsu 目睭
Min Nan Xiamen 目睭
Quanzhou 目睭
Zhangzhou 目睭
Taipei 目睭目睭仁
Kaohsiung 目睭目睭仁
Tainan 目睭目睭仁
Taichung 目睭
Wuqi 目睭
Hsinchu 目睭
Taitung 目睭
Lukang 目睭目睭仁
Sanxia 目睭仁
Yilan 目睭目睭仁
Kinmen 目睭
Magong 目睭
Penang 目睭
Singapore 目睭
Philippines (Manila) 目睭
Pingnan 目睭
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 目睭
Xianyou 目睭
Pinghua Nanning 眼睛
Guilin 眼睛
Wu Shanghai 眼睛
Suzhou 眼睛眼烏珠
Hangzhou 眼睛
Wenzhou 眼烏珠眼靈珠眼兒珠
Chongming 眼睛眼烏珠
Danyang 眼睛
Jinhua 眼睛
Ningbo 眼睛
Xiang Changsha 眼睛
Shuangfeng 眼珠
Loudi 眼珠
Quanzhou 眼睛

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown.

PronunciationEdit



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˤə[n]ʔ/
English protrude as a knob

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. protruding; bulging (like bulging eyes)

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
まなこ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Compound of (ma, eye) + (no, genitive case) + (ko, nominalizing suffix). Initial ma is the unbound form of (me, id).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まなこ, rōmaji manako)

  1. the pupil; also, the eyes in general
    • c. 790: Daihannya-kyō Ongi (Ishiyamadera manuscript, page 34)
      眼晴 [...] 倭言麻那古

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji me)

  1. Alternative form of

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1978) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3090-3
  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(an) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit