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See also:
U+773C, 眼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-773C

[U+773B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+773D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 109, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *ŋɯn
*ŋrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːn
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*ɡrɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰɯːnʔ, *kʰuːn
*ɡlɯːnʔ, *kɯːnʔ, *kɯːns
*kɯːn
*kɯːn
*kɯːn, *kɯːns, *ŋrɯn
*kɯːns
*kɯːns
*kʰɯːnʔ
*kʰɯːnʔ
*ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn, *ŋɯn
泿 *ŋɯːn, *ŋrɯn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːn
*ɡɯːnʔ
*ɡɯːns
*ŋrɯn
*ŋrɯn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrɯːnʔ): semantic  (eye) + phonetic  (OC *kɯːns).

Etymology 1Edit

Derived from Etymology 2. Displaced common Sino-Tibetan (OC *muɡ, “eye”) in many dialects.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gán - literary;
  • géng/kéng/ngúi/ngái/kán - vernacular (limited to 龍眼龙眼).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ian²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ian²¹³/
    Tianjin /ian¹³/
    Jinan /iã⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ian⁵³/
    Xi'an /niã⁵³/
    Xining /ȵiã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iɛn⁴²/
    Chengdu /ian⁵³/
    Guiyang /ian⁴²/
    Kunming /iɛ̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /ien²¹²/
    Hefei /iĩ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
    /nie⁵³/
    Pingyao /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ie⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ŋe²³/
    Suzhou /ŋe̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ŋa³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³⁵/
    Tunxi /ŋɔ²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁴¹/
    /ŋan⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋan⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋan²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋian³¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋien³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋan²³/
    Nanning /ŋɛn²⁴/
    Hong Kong /ŋan¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gan⁵³/
    /giŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋaiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hai²¹³/ 龍~
    /mak̚³/ 訓目

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠɛnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚænX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋænX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋəɨnX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋɛnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋænX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋănX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngɛnX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ]ˁ<r>ə[n]ʔ/
    English eye

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3914
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋrɯːnʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) eye (Classifier: ; )
    2. to see; to view; to see ... in person
    3. to keep sight of; to monitor; to watch
    4. sight; vision
    5. Classifier for actions of the eye.
        ―  dèng le tā yī yǎn  ―  to give him a stare
    6. to testify; to witness
    7. eyelet; aperture; hole; opening
    8. loophole; shortcoming
    9. bubbles of boiling water
    10. mesh
    11. key point; critical moment
    12. (go) trap
    13. Classifier for springs, wells and ponds.
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 (“eye”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼睛
    Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
    Taiwan 眼睛
    Harbin 眼睛
    Shenyang 眼睛
    Hailar 眼睛
    Ulan Hot 眼睛
    Tongliao 眼睛
    Chifeng 眼睛眼珠子
    Bayanhot 眼睛
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian 眼窩
    Xi'an 眼睛眼窩 suburbs
    Zhengzhou
    Xining 眼睛眼窩
    Xuzhou 眼睛
    Yinchuan 眼睛
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi 眼睛
    Wuhan 眼睛
    Chengdu 眼睛
    Guiyang 眼睛
    Guilin 眼睛
    Liuzhou 眼睛
    Kunming 眼睛
    Yangzhou 眼睛
    Nanjing 眼睛
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan 眼睛
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 眼睛
    Lichuan 眼睛
    Pingxiang 眼珠
    Hakka Meixian 眼珠目珠
    Xingning 眼珠
    Huidong 眼珠
    Qujiang 眼珠
    Xiaosanjiang
    Luchuan 眼睛
    Changting 目珠
    Pingyu 眼珠目珠
    Wuping 目珠
    Liancheng 目珠
    Ninghua 眼珠
    Yudu 眼睛
    Ruijin 眼珠
    Shicheng 眼睛
    Shangyou 眼珠
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠眼珠
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
    Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 目珠
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
    Hong Kong
    Sabah 眼珠仁
    Senai
    Singkawang 目珠
    Huizhou Jixi 眼睛眼烏珠眼烏珠子
    Shexian 眼睛
    Tunxi 眼睛
    Jin Taiyuan 眼睛
    Xinzhou
    Baochang 眼睛
    Jining 眼窩
    Hohhot 眼窩
    Baotou 眼窩
    Dongsheng 眼窩
    Linhe 眼窩
    Haibowan 眼窩
    Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
    Dikou 目睭
    Songxi 目睭
    Zhenghe 目睭
    Zhenqian 目睭
    Jianyang 目睭
    Wuyishan 目睭
    Shibei 目睭
    Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭
    Changle 目睭
    Fuqing 目睭
    Pingtan 目睭
    Yongtai 目睭
    Gutian 目睭
    Fu'an 目睭
    Ningde 目睭
    Shouning 目睭
    Zhouning 目睭
    Fuding 目睭
    Matsu 目睭
    Min Nan Xiamen 目睭
    Quanzhou 目睭
    Zhangzhou 目睭
    Taipei 目睭目睭仁
    Kaohsiung 目睭目睭仁
    Tainan 目睭目睭仁
    Taichung 目睭
    Wuqi 目睭
    Hsinchu 目睭
    Taitung 目睭
    Lukang 目睭目睭仁
    Sanxia 目睭仁
    Yilan 目睭目睭仁
    Kinmen 目睭
    Magong 目睭
    Penang 目睭
    Singapore 目睭
    Philippines (Manila) 目睭
    Pingnan 目睭
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 目睭
    Xianyou 目睭
    Pinghua Nanning 眼睛
    Guilin 眼睛
    Wu Shanghai 眼睛
    Suzhou 眼睛眼烏珠
    Hangzhou 眼睛
    Wenzhou 眼烏珠眼靈珠眼兒珠
    Chongming 眼睛眼烏珠
    Danyang 眼睛
    Jinhua 眼睛
    Ningbo 眼睛
    Xiang Changsha 眼睛
    Shuangfeng 眼珠
    Loudi 眼珠
    Quanzhou 眼睛

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Unknown.

    PronunciationEdit



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wěn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋˁə[n]ʔ/
    English protrude as a knob

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. protruding; bulging (like bulging eyes)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    まなこ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (ma, eye) + (no, genitive case) + (ko, nominalizing suffix). Initial ma is the unbound form of (me, id).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana まなこ, rōmaji manako)

    1. the pupil; also, the eyes in general
      • c. 790: Daihannya-kyō Ongi (Ishiyamadera manuscript, page 34)
        眼晴 [...] 倭言麻那古

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji me)

    1. Alternative form of

    ReferencesEdit

    • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1978) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in ja), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, →ISBN
    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (an) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer an, Yale an)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    CharacterEdit

    ReadingsEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: nhẫn, nhãn
    : Nôm readings: nhởn, nhản, nhan, nhẫn, nhãn

    ReferencesEdit