蝦夷

JapaneseEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Possibly derived from the Ainu word emchiu, from *emichiw "man, person".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えみし, romaji emishi)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 205)
      又歌之曰 愛瀰詩烏 毗儾利 毛々那比苔 比苔破易陪廼毛 多牟伽 毛勢儒
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 297)
      武内宿禰自東國還之奏言、東夷之中、有日高見國。其國人、男女並椎結文身、爲人勇悍。是總曰蝦夷。亦土地沃壤而曠之。撃可取也。
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 300)
      今東國不安、暴神多起。亦蝦夷悉叛、屡略人民。遣誰人以平其亂。
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 303)
      其東夷之中、蝦夷是尤強焉。男女交居、父子無別。冬則宿穴、夏則住樔。衣毛飮血、昆弟相疑。登山如飛禽、行草如走獸。
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

emisiemisu.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [e̞misɯᵝ]

NounEdit

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えみす, romaji emisu)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

emisuebisu.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [e̞βisɯᵝ]

NounEdit

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えびす, romaji ebisu)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

emisiemsiemzoezo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えぞ, romaji ezo)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
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