ChineseEdit

 
dear; intimate; parent
dear; intimate; parent; relation; closely related; parents-in-law of one's offspring
king; Wang (proper name)
trad. (親王)
simp. (亲王)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
Initial () (14) (35)
Final () (43) (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪn/ /ɦʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰin/ /ɦʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjen/ /ɣiuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰin/ /ɦuaŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕn/ /ɣiuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕn/ /ɣĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕn/ /iwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qīn wáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
can1 wong4

NounEdit

親王

  1. prince

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic (親王):
  • Mongolian: чин ван (chin van)
  • Manchu: ᠴᡳᠨ
    ᠸᠠᠩ
    (cin wang)

  • JapaneseEdit

    Kanji in this term
    しん
    Grade: 2
    おう > のう
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi
     
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    EtymologyEdit

    From Old Japanese,[1][2] borrowed from Middle Chinese 親王, in turn a compound of (very familiar; very close) + (king, in ancient Japan, this term was also used to refer to an imperial prince), so called because of the closeness to the reigning emperor. The ō reading for changes to as an instance of renjō (連声).

    First cited in Japanese to a text from 718 C.E..[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (しん)(のう) (shinnōしんわう (sinwau)?

    1. [from 718] a specific rank granted to certain male members of the imperial family:
      1. an East Asian imperial prince who is either brother or son to the reigning emperor
      2. in ancient Japan, any of the emperor's brothers or sons
      3. [from the 1600s] any of the direct male descendants of the emperor of Japan, down to any imperial great-great-grandchildren
      4. [from 1947] any of the legitimate direct male heirs of the emperor of Japan
    2. [from 1801] (theater, kabuki) Short for 親王鬘 (shinnō kazura)., literally "imperial prince wig", specific style of wig used in kabuki

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    親王 (chinwang) (hangeul 친왕)

    1. Hanja form? of 친왕.

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    NounEdit

    親王

    1. Hán tự form of thân vương.