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U+8A93, 誓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A93

[U+8A92]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A94]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 手中卜一口 (QLYMR), four-corner 52601, composition)

  1. swear, pledge
  2. oath

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1162, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35514
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1627, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3973, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A93

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔljeds, *ʔljed
*ʔljeds
*ɦljeds
*ɦljeds
*ɢljeds, *ɢʷleds
*l'eːl, *ʔljed, *ɦljed
*hleːws, *qʰred
*ʔr'eːd
*sɢʷled
*ʔl'ed
*ʔl'ed
*ʔl'ed
*ted
*ted
*l̥ʰed, *l̥ʰeːɡ
*ʔljed
*ʔljed
*hred

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljeds): phonetic  (OC *l'eːl, *ʔljed, *ɦljed) + semantic  (speech).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sē/sī - literary;
  • chōa - vernacular;
  • sè - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d][a]t-s/
English swear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16934
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljeds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. swear, pledge
  2. oath, vow


CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vow
  2. swear
  3. pledge

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thệ, thề)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.