See also: , せ゚, , and
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai ZE.svg
U+305C, ぜ
HIRAGANA LETTER ZE
Composition: [U+305B] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+305B]
Hiragana
[U+305D]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The hiragana character (se) with a dakuten ().

SyllableEdit

(romaji ze)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ze). Its equivalent in katakana is (ze).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
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/zo e//zoe//zeː//ze/

Shift via monophthongization of older ぞえ (zoe), in turn from sentence-ending emphatic particle (zo) and exclamatory or familiar particle (e).[1][2][3]

First dated to 1771.[1] Usage became established in the Edo area, then spread to the Kansai region in the late 1700s.[1]

With the softening effect of particle (e), the sense was originally somewhat less gruff than using just (zo). However, in modern usage, this is now generally considered more gruff than (zo), and usage is restricted to informal masculine speech, either between members of the same group and status, or by a social superior to an inferior.[1][2]

ParticleEdit

(ze

  1. [from 1771] (colloquial, men's speech) sentence-ending particle signifying emphasis, used to lightly press one's point, with familiar overtones
    (こま)った(やつ)
    Komatta yatsu da ze.
    What a troublesome guy.
  2. [from 1771] (colloquial, men's speech) sentence-ending particle signifying emphasis, used to tell the listener about something in a patronising way
    そんなにケーキを()べたら(ふと)っちまう
    Sonna ni kēki o tabetara futotchimau ze.
    You'll get fat if you keep eating cake.
Usage notesEdit
  • Similar to (zo), is mostly used by males. However, unlike , is strictly informal register, and can be considered highly impolite if used outside of a casual setting.
  • When used with polite-register forms like です (desu) and the ます (masu) verb ending, this may imply sarcasm, contempt, or threat.[1][2]
Alternative formsEdit
  • (Kansai, Tohoku) (de)

Etymology 3Edit

Reading of various kanji.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
S
[noun] right, justice
2
[suffix] (rare) an honorific suffix added to a noun denoting a person
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as ぜ.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN