Open main menu

ChineseEdit

poor
 
weak; feeble; young; inferior
trad. (貧弱)
simp. (贫弱)

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

貧弱

  1. poor and weak; impoverished and decrepit

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ひん
Grade: 5
じゃく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Middle Chinese compound 貧弱 (bin nyak, literally poor + weak). Compare modern Mandarin 貧弱贫弱 (pínruò, “poor and weak”).

Alternatively, may have been coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements (hin, poor) + (jaku, weak).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

貧弱 (-na inflection, hiragana ひんじゃく, rōmaji hinjaku)

  1. poor, feeble, scanty
    状況 (じょうきょう)は、 (かれ)貧弱 (ひんじゃく) () ()では表現 (ひょうげん)できるものではなかった。
    Jōkyō wa, kare no hinjaku na goi de wa hyōgen dekiru mono de wa na katta.
    With his poor vocabulary, he/she was unable to explain the situation in words.
    (literally, “The situation was not a thing that could be described in his/her poor vocabulary.”)

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

貧弱 (hiragana ひんじゃく, rōmaji hinjaku)

  1. meagerness, scantiness

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN