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See also:
U+8CA7, 貧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CA7

[U+8CA6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CA8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 154, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹金 (CSHC), four-corner 80806, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36677
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3628, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA7

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯːns, *hmroːlʔ, *pɯn, *pɯnʔ
*pʰrɯːns
*praːn, *bɯn
*praːn, *bɯn
*praːn, *bɯn
*prɯn, *bɯns
*pʰreːd, *prɯn
*prɯn
*prɯn
*prɯn
*prɯn, *pʰrɯn, *pʰɯn
*brɯn
*pʰɯːns, *bɯːn, *pʰɯns
*bɯːn
*bɯːn, *bɯn, *bɯn
*bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
*bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
*pɯn, *bɯns
*pɯn
*pɯnʔ
*pɯnʔ
*pʰɯn
*pʰɯn
*pʰɯn
*pʰɯn, *bɯn
*pʰɯn, *bɯn
*pʰɯn
忿 *pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯnʔ
*pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯn, *bɯnʔ
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn
*bɯn, *bɯnʔ
*bɯn, *bɯnʔ
*bɯnʔ
*bɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *brɯn): phonetic  (OC *pɯn, *bɯns) + semantic .

It may look like an ideographic compound, to divide () one's money , but is only phonetic.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • pîn - literary;
    • pân - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰin˧˥/
    Harbin /pʰin˨˦/
    Tianjin /pʰin˦˥/
    Jinan /pʰiẽ˦˨/
    Qingdao /pʰiə̃˦˨/
    Zhengzhou /pʰin˦˨/
    Xi'an /pʰiẽ˨˦/
    Xining /pʰiə̃˨˦/
    Yinchuan /pʰiŋ˥˧/
    Lanzhou /pʰĩn˥˧/
    Ürümqi /pʰiŋ˥˩/
    Wuhan /pʰin˨˩˧/
    Chengdu /pʰin˧˩/
    Guiyang /pʰin˨˩/
    Kunming /pʰĩ˧˩/
    Nanjing /pʰin˨˦/
    Hefei /pʰin˥˥/
    Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ˩˩/
    Pingyao /pʰiŋ˩˧/
    Hohhot /pʰĩŋ˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /biŋ˨˧/
    Suzhou /bin˩˧/
    Hangzhou /bin˨˩˧/
    Wenzhou /beŋ˧˩/
    Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃˦˦/
    Tunxi /pʰin˦˦/
    Xiang Changsha /pin˩˧/
    Xiangtan /bin˩˨/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰin˦˥/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰin˩˩/
    Taoyuan /pʰin˩˩/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐn˨˩/
    Nanning /pʰɐn˨˩/
    Hong Kong /pʰɐn˨˩/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pin˧˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ˥˧/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ˨˩/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰiŋ˥˥/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fin˧˩/
    /kiaŋ˧˩/ 訓窮

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /bjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pín
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pín
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]rə[n]/
    English poor

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*brɯn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. poor; impoverished; destitute
    2. inadequate; insufficient; lacking
    3. garrulous; talkative

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. poverty

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (bin) (hangeul , revised bin, McCune–Reischauer pin, Yale pin)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.