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U+5F31, 弱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F31

[U+5F30]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F32]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 57, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓一弓戈一 (NMNIM), four-corner 17127, composition ⿰⿹⿹弓冫(GHTJ) or ⿰⿹丿丿⿹弓⿱丿丿(KV))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 358, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9791
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 996, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+5F31

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢐅

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*neːwʔ
*njewɢ
*njewɢ, *neːwɢ
*njewɢ
*rneːwɢ, *rnaːwɢ
*neːwɢ

弓 ("bow") + 彡 ("decoration" [in this case]) as a decorative bow is functionally inferior.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • jio̍h/lio̍h - vernacular;
  • jio̍k/lio̍k/jia̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
    Harbin /iau⁵³/
    /ʐuo⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʐɑu⁵³/
    /ʐɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /luə²¹/
    Qingdao /yə⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
    Xi'an /vo²⁴/
    Xining /u⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
    Lanzhou /və³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /io²¹³/
    Chengdu /zo³¹/
    Guiyang /zo²¹/
    Kunming /ʐo³¹/
    Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /zaʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /niɔ²²/
    Tunxi /ȵio¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵio²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ȵio²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔʔ⁵/
    /lɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiok̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ŋiok̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
    Nanning /jœk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
    /lioʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /niɔk̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵiɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑiɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑi̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ruò
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ruò
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*newk/
    English weak

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10947
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njewɢ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. weak; feeble
      /   ―  ruǎnruò  ―  weak, feeble
    2. fragile; delicate

    AntonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. weak
    2. weakness
    3. slightly less than

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (yak) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer yak, Yale yak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nhược, ních)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.