Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

弓 ("bow") + 彡 ("decoration" [in this case]) as a decorative bow is functionally inferior.

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓一弓戈一 (NMNIM), four-corner 17127, composition ⿰⿹⿹弓冫)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 358, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9791
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 996, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+5F31

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/ʐuo⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐɑu⁵³/
/ʐɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
Xi'an /vo²⁴/
Xining /u⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
Lanzhou /və³¹/
Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /zo³¹/
Guiyang /zo²¹/
Kunming /ʐo³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
Hui Shexian /niɔ²²/
Tunxi /ȵio¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵio²⁴/
Xiangtan /ȵio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɔʔ⁵/
/lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ŋiok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
/lioʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /niɔk̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨɐk̚/ /ȵʑi̯ak̚/ /ȵiak̚/ /ȵiɐk̚/ /ȵɨak̚/ /ȵʑĭak̚/ /ȵʑiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ruò ‹ nyak › /*newk/ weak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10947 2 /*njewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. weak, feeble
    /   ―  ruǎnruò  ―  weak, feeble
  2. fragile, delicate

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. weak
  2. weakness
  3. slightly less than

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yak) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer yak, Yale yak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhược, ních)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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