U+8E47, 蹇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8E47

[U+8E46]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8E48]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 157, +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 十廿金人 (JTCO) or 難十廿金人 (XJTCO), four-corner 30801, composition 𡨄)

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1230, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37741
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1702, character 40
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3731, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8E47

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 䮿𬴏
𨇥

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kranʔ, *kanʔ) : abbreviated phonetic (OC *ɡaːn) + semantic (foot).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (65) (79)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter kjonX kjenX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐnX/ /kˠiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐnX/ /kᵚiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɐnX/ /kiænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨanX/ /kianX/
Li
Rong
/kiɐnX/ /kjɛnX/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐnX/ /kĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨ̯ɐnX/ /ki̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎn jiǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gin2 gin2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4871 4880
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kranʔ/ /*kanʔ/

Definitions

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  1. (literary) lame; crippled
  2. (literary) difficult; hard; unlucky
  3. (literary) dull; stupid; dumb
  4. (literary) arrogant; haughty
  5. (literary) lame donkey or inferior horse
  6. (literary) stutter
  7. (literary) Sentence-initial particle.
  8. ,39th hexagram of the I Ching
  9. a surname
      ―  Jiǎn Xiānfó  ―  Jian Xianfo (former Electric Industry vice-minister of China)

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. cripple

Readings

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From Middle Chinese (MC kjonX):

  • Go-on: こん (kon)
  • Kan-on: けん (ken)

From Middle Chinese (MC kjenX):

From native Japanese roots:

Compounds

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Korean

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Hanja

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(geon) (hangeul , revised geon, McCune–Reischauer kŏn, Yale ken)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: kiễng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.