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U+5BD2, 寒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BD2

[U+5BD1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BD3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十廿金卜 (JTCY), four-corner 30303, composition𡨄)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 289, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7239
  • Dae Jaweon: page 572, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 941, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5BD2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡaːn
*kranʔ, *kanʔ
*kranʔ
*kranʔ, *kʰran
*kranʔ
*kʰran
*kʰran
*kʰran
*ɡranʔ
*ɡanʔ
*qʰan

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (house) +  (person) +  (grass) – a person in a house, sleeping in the grass to protect from the cold. In some bronze inscriptions, is added at the bottom of the character; this may simply be decorative or may represent a mat. In the seal script, is changed to (“ice”) to emphasize its meaning of coldness.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hàng - “cold; poor; to fear”;
  • gàng - “affected by the cold; chilled”.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hân - literary;
    • kôaⁿ - vernacular;
    • gân - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ han ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ˤa[n]/
    English cold

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4870
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cold; wintry; chilly
    2. poor; poverty-stricken
    3. humble; petty and low
    4. desolate; deserted
    5. dreary; miserable
    6. withered; limp
    7. (humble) my
    8. to feel cold
    9. to fear; to dread
    10. winter
    11. cold weather; cold day or night
    12. (traditional Chinese medicine) cold; chill
    13. The fourteenth day of the month in Chinese telegraph messages

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“cold”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 冷凊
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 寒人
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (han)

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hàn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.