See also: and 彿
U+4F5B, 佛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F5B

[U+4F5A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F5C]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中中弓 (OLLN), four-corner 25227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 99, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 140, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F5B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯd): semantic + phonetic (OC *pɯd).

Etymology 1Edit

Abbreviation of 佛陀 (MC bɨut̚ dɑ), from Pali buddha or Sanskrit बुद्ध (buddha, awakened; enlightened).

PronunciationEdit


Note: fiit6 - used in some compounds, e.g. 佛手, 佛七.
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • pu̍t - vernacular;
    • hu̍t - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fo³⁵/
    Harbin /fɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /fo⁴⁵/
    Jinan /fə⁴²/
    Qingdao /fu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fu⁴²/
    Xi'an /fo²⁴/
    Xining /fɔ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fu¹³/
    /fuə⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fu²¹³/
    Chengdu /fu³¹/
    /fəu³¹/
    Guiyang /fu²¹/
    Kunming /fu³¹/
    Nanjing /fuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /fɤ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /vəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /vəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /vəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /vai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /fu²²/
    Tunxi /fə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸu⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /fut̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /fut̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
    Nanning /fɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/
    /put̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    /xu²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbut̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (60)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨut̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biut̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /but̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭuət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯uət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjut ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b][u]t/
    English great

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3324
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bɯd/

    DefinitionsEdit

     
    Weathered 佛 sticker

    1. (Buddhism) Buddha
        ―  tuó  ―  Buddha
        ―  jiào  ―  Buddhism
    2. (Buddhism) statue of Buddha
    3. (by extension) Buddhist scriptures
    4. (by extension) Buddhism; Buddhist doctrines

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ふつ) (futsu); (ぶつ) (butsu)
    • Korean: (, bul)
    • Vietnamese: phật (), Phật ()

    Others:

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 彿 (“resembling, like, as if”).
    (This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of 彿.)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “to go against; to be contrary to”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “to assist”).
    2. A surname​.

    Etymology 5Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “prosperous; thriving”).

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Buddha

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC bɨut̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 불〮 (Yale: pwul) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 부처 (bucheo bul))

    1. Hanja form? of (Buddha).
    2. Hanja form? of (France (in compounds, in news media)).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Related to Middle Chinese (MC bˠiɪt̚).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 도울 (doul pil))

    1. (literary Chinese) Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (to assist).)

    Proper nounEdit

    Hanja in this term

    (Bul) (hangeul )

    1. (in headlines) Short for 佛蘭西불란서 (Bullanseo, France).
      , 2018 FIFA 월드컵 결승 우승
      Bul, icheonsippallyeon pipa woldeukeop gyeolseungjeon useung
      France won the 2018 FIFA World Cup finals.

    Usage notesEdit

    A common convention in news headlines, this is almost always written solely in the Hanja form, even in contemporary Korean text otherwise devoid of any Hanja.

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: phật ((phù)(vật)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5], phất[3]
    : Nôm readings: phật[1][2][3][4][6]

    1. Hán tự form of Phật (Buddha, the Enlightened One).
    2. Hán tự form of Phật (Buddhism).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    ZhuangEdit

    NounEdit

    1. Sawndip form of baed (Buddha; shrine; spirit; god)