U+4F5B, 佛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F5B

[U+4F5A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F5C]
See also: and 彿

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中中弓 (OLLN), four-corner 25227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 99, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 140, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F5B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
 
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯds
*prɯds, *pʰɯds, *bɯds
*pads
*pɯds
*pɯds
*pɯds, *pʰɯd
*pʰɯds, *pɯd, *pʰɯd
*pʰɯds
*pʰɯds
*buds
*bɯds, *bɯd
*brɯd
*bɯːd, *pʰɯd
*pɯd
*pɯd
*pɯd
*pɯd
*pʰɯd
*pʰɯd, *bɯd
彿 *pʰɯd
*bɯd
*bɯd
*bɯd
*bɯd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯd): semantic  + phonetic (OC *pɯd).

Etymology 1Edit

Abbreviation of 佛陀 (MC bɨut̚ dɑ), from Pali buddha or Sanskrit बुद्ध(buddha, awakened; enlightened).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • pu̍t - vernacular;
  • hu̍t - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fo³⁵/
Harbin /fɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /fo⁴⁵/
Jinan /fə⁴²/
Qingdao /fu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fu⁴²/
Xi'an /fo²⁴/
Xining /fɔ²⁴/
Yinchuan /fu¹³/
/fuə⁵³/
Lanzhou /fə⁵³/
Ürümqi /fɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /fu²¹³/
Chengdu /fu³¹/
/fəu³¹/
Guiyang /fu²¹/
Kunming /fu³¹/
Nanjing /fuʔ⁵/
Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /fɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vəʔ¹/
Suzhou /vəʔ³/
Hangzhou /vəʔ²/
Wenzhou /vai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /fu²²/
Tunxi /fə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸu⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
Nanning /fɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/
/put̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
/xu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbut̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/but̚/
Li
Rong
/biuət̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b][u]t/
English great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3324
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Buddhism) Buddha
      ―  tuó  ―  Buddha
      ―  jiào  ―  Buddhism
  2. (Buddhism) statue of Buddha
  3. (by extension) Buddhist scriptures
  4. (by extension) Buddhism; Buddhist doctrines

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 彿.
(This character, , is the simplified form of 彿.)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “to go against; to be contrary to”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “to assist”).
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (, “prosperous; thriving”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Buddha
    This character is the 旧字体(kyūjitai) or old form. See the 新字体(shinjitai) or new form at for the full entry.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bul, pil) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer pul, p'il)

  1. Buddha

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phật, phất)

  1. Buddha

ReferencesEdit