TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic  – engrave in metal. Note that 名 means “name”, hence connotations of “engrave a name in metal”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金弓戈口 (CNIR), four-corner 87160, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1305, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40385
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1807, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4200, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9298

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (銘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫經切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/meŋ/ /mieŋ/ /meŋ/ /meŋ/ /mɛjŋ/ /mieŋ/ /mɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
míng ‹ meng › /*mˤeŋ/ inscription

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9182 0 /*meːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. inscribe, engrave
  2. inscription
  3. unforgettably

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. inscription

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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ReferencesEdit

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