(phonetic character); (final part.); (interj.); flatter; an initial particle; prefix to names of people
|simp. and trad.
- (Should we delete(+) this sense?) a familiar way of calling someone whose given name ends with 山 (shān)
- (Min Nan, Taiwan) mainlander(s)
- 2003: DVD 10 disc set, 公視文學大戲-家 (Taiwan Public Television Service Foundation - Family, Episode one)
- ^ This episode takes place in 1949 as refugees from the Mainland are fleeing from Mao Zedong's forces to Taiwan.
An old-fashioned term that was primarily used to describe non-Hoklo people from Mainland China, a large number of whom had emigrated to Taiwan after 1949. This term later came to be replaced by gōa-séng-lâng (外省人).