Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 188 +8, 18 strokes, cangjie input 月月田木 (BBWD), four-corner 76294, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1449, character 46
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1976, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4413, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+9AC1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑ/ /kʰwa/ /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɣuaX/ /kʰwaX/ /kʰuaX/ /kʰʷɯaX/ /kʰwaɨX/ /kʰwaX/ /kʰuaX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɑH/ /kʰuɑH/ /kʰuɑH/ /kʰuɑH/ /kʰwaH/ /kʰuɑH/ /kʰuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4779 3 /*kʰloːl/
4786 3 /*kʰloːls/
4793 3 /*kʰroːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. thigh bone, hipbone
  2. kneecap

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwa, hwa) (hangeul , , revised gwa, hwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, hwa, Yale kwa, hwa)

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