See also:
U+6B4C, 歌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B4C

[U+6B4B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B4D]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 76, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一口弓人 (MRNO) or 難一口弓人 (XMRNO), four-corner 17682, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 571, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 959, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2147, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B4C

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𬤐

𡃭
𣤑
𣤒

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kaːl) : phonetic (OC *kaːl) + semantic (blow). Specialized form of (OC *kaːl, “to sing”).

Etymology

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From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gaːr ~ *ga (to dance; to sing; to leap; to stride). Cognate with Burmese က (ka., to dance).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • go4* - standalone or as the head of a compound;
  • go1 - variant for verb.
Note:
  • koa - vernacular;
  • ko, ko͘ - literary.
Note:
  • gua1 - vernacular;
  • go1 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kɤ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kɤ²¹/
Jinan /kə²¹³/
Qingdao /kə²¹³/
/kuə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kə⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kə³¹/
Ürümqi /kɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuo⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ko⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ko⁵⁵/
Kunming /ko⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ko³¹/
Hefei /kʊ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /kɔ¹³/
Hohhot /kɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ku⁵³/
Suzhou /kəu⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ko³³/
Wenzhou /ku³³/
Hui Shexian /ko³¹/
Tunxi /ko¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ko³³/
Xiangtan /ko³³/
Gan Nanchang /ko⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ko⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ko²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔ⁵³/
Nanning /kɔ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /ko⁵⁵/
/kua⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /ko⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /kɔ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /ko³³/
/kua³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ko²³/
/kua²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter ka
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ka/
Li
Rong
/kɑ/
Wang
Li
/kɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
go1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ka ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁaj/
English sing, song

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7438
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːl/

Definitions

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  1. to sing; to chant
      ―  gāo  ―  to sing loudly
  2. song; tune (Classifier: m c mn;  m c;  m;  c w;  h mn;  mn)
      ―    ―  song
      ―  mín  ―  folk song
  3. to praise

Synonyms

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  • (song):

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings


From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ota.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(うた) (uta

  1. (music) a song
    (こおり)(ほのお)(うた)
    Kōri to Honō no Uta
    A Song of Ice and Fire
  2. (poetry) poetry
Usage notes
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  • Despite , , and having the same kun-yomi reading of uta: refers to modern poetry, to songs and classical Japanese poetry (such as tanka), and is primarily used in shamisen songs.

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Affix

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() (ka

  1. a song; to sing
  2. Japanese poetry; waka

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 노래 (norae ga))

  1. Hanja form? of (to sing, song).

Compounds

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Kunigami

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Etymology

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From Proto-Ryukyuan *Uta, from Proto-Japonic *Uta.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(ふた゚ー) (futā

  1. song

Okinawan

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Proto-Ryukyuan *Uta, from Proto-Japonic *Uta.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(うた) (uta

  1. song

Tày

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Verb

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()

  1. Nôm form of (to choke; to be clogged).
    𨑮汨娘盆柳峒
    Mởi thâng nàng Bồn Liễu tổng
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

References

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  • Lục Văn Pảo, Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003) Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[2] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: ca, , cao

  1. chữ Hán form of ca (to sing).

Yaeyama

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Etymology

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From Proto-Ryukyuan *Uta, from Proto-Japonic *Uta.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(うた) (uta

  1. song

Yonaguni

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology

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From Proto-Ryukyuan *Uta, from Proto-Japonic *Uta.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(うた) (uta

  1. song