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See also:
U+6B4C, 歌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B4C

[U+6B4B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B4D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 76, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一口弓人 (MRNO) or X一口弓人 (XMRNO), four-corner 17682, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 571, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 959, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2147, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+6B4C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːlʔ
*kaːl
*kaːl, *ɡaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
*kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːl
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
*qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːls
*qaːl
*qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl, *kʰraːls
*qaːl
娿 *qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl
*kʰraːlʔ
*qʰraːlʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːl): phonetic  (OC *kaːl) + semantic  (blow).

Alternative explanation: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (sound of singing) +  (sound of singing) +  (open mouth).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • koa - vernacular;
  • ko/ko͘ - literary.
Note:
  • gua1 - vernacular;
  • go1 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kɤ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kɤ²¹/
    Jinan /kə²¹³/
    Qingdao /kə²¹³/
    /kuə²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
    Xining /kɔ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kə⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kə³¹/
    Ürümqi /kɤ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kuo⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ko⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ko⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ko⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ko³¹/
    Hefei /kʊ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kɤ¹¹/
    Pingyao /kɔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kɤ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ku⁵³/
    Suzhou /kəu⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ko³³/
    Wenzhou /ku³³/
    Hui Shexian /ko³¹/
    Tunxi /ko¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ko³³/
    Xiangtan /ko³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ko⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ko⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ko²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔ⁵³/
    Nanning /kɔ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɔ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ko⁵⁵/
    /kua⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ko⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ko³³/
    /kua³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ko²³/
    /kua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (94)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ka/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ka ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˁaj/
    English sing, song

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7438
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to sing; to chant
    2. song; tune (Classifier: ;  c;  h mn; )
        ―    ―  song
    3. to praise

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    うた
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うた, rōmaji uta)

    1. (music) a song
       (こおり) (ほのお) (うた)
      Kōri to Honō no Uta
      A Song of Ice and Fire
    2. (poetry) poetry

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 노래 (norae ga))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ca, , cao)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.