Translingual edit

 
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Symbol edit

ka

  1. kiloyear (also ky, kyr)
  2. thousands of years ago
  3. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Georgian.

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Egyptian kꜣ.

Noun edit

ka (plural kas)

  1. A spiritual part of the soul in Egyptian mythology, which survived after death.
    • 1983, Norman Mailer, Ancient Evenings:
      Then, I wondered how long I must wait before seeing my Double, but if I recalled, the Ka was not supposed to appear before the seventy days of embalming were done.
    • 1990, Camille Paglia, Sexual Personae:
      Hence Dorian's portrait is like the ka or double of the deceased in Egyptian tombs, heaped with toys and furniture.
    • 2011, Neil Gaiman, American Gods (Tenth Anniversary Edition), William Morrow 2013, p. 179:
      ‘You could bind the ka of a man to his body for five thousand years,’ said Jaquel.

Etymology 2 edit

Origin uncertain.

Verb edit

ka

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To serve or help; used only in the phrase "Ka me, ka thee" or variants thereof.
    • 1603, Michel de Montaigne, translated by John Florio, Essays, III.5:
      Now nature stood ever on this point, mee Ile thee, and ever ready to bee even alwaies on recompences and vicissitude of things, and to give as good as one brings.
    • 1821 January 8, [Walter Scott], Kenilworth; a Romance. [], volumes (please specify |volume=I to III), Edinburgh: [] Archibald Constable and Co.; and John Ballantyne, []; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co., →OCLC:
      Ka me, ka thee, is a proverb all over the world.

References edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

ka (plural kas)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter К / к.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Acehnese edit

Adverb edit

ka

  1. already

Afar edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

  1. he, him

Usage notes edit

  • The form káa is used when the pronoun isn't followed by a clitic.

See also edit

References edit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “ka”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN

Ainu edit

Etymology edit

Likely a loan word from Nivkh [script needed] (ha) (bearing the same meaning), given that the traps were of the same type and that sable hunting was taken up on Sakhalin for export to Qing China, to whom the Nivkh were nearer.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. sable trap

References edit

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From older kah, from *kah ~ ngah (compare Tosk Albanian nga), from Proto-Albanian *en kaxa, from Proto-Indo-European *en kʷod so (wherein, wherefrom), literally ‘in which this’. Cognate with Old Church Slavonic къ (, to).

Preposition edit

ka (+nominative) [1]

  1. from, out, out of, to
    Jo, unë nuk jam ka Shqipëria.
    No, I am not from Albania.
  2. who, whom

Etymology 2 edit

From earlier *kaha, from Proto-Albanian *koso, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeh₁s- (scratch, cut). For sense development, compare Slavic *volь - ox, from *valiti - to throw down, castrate.[2] Alternatively, the plural form qe suggests an earlier *kʷē, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws (ox, cow) via an unidentified Indo-European language.[3]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka m (plural qe, definite kau, definite plural qetë)

  1. ox
  2. steer
Declension edit
Hyponyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

ka

  1. third-person singular present indicative of kam

References edit

  1. ^ Fialuur i voghel Sccyp e ltinisct (Small Dictionary of Albanian and Latin), page 51, by P. Jak Junkut, 1895, Sckoder
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998), “ka”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden; Boston; Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 160
  3. ^ Orel - Balcanica pg. 114

Amanab edit

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. I (first person singular nominative)

Ambonese Malay edit

Etymology edit

From Malay ke.

Preposition edit

ka

  1. to, towards

References edit

  • D. Takaria, C. Pieter (1998) Kamus Bahasa Melayu Ambon-Indonesia[1], Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa

Bahnar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bahnaric *kaː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kaʔ; cognate with Sedang , Vietnamese , Mon က (kaʔ).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. fish

Bambara edit

Particle edit

ka

  1. possessive marker
    an ka jamana
    our country

Particle edit

ka

  1. particle linking subject and predicative adjective
    A ka ɲi
    It's good
    Kidali ka jan
    Kidal is far away

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter K.

Declension edit

See also edit

Central Pomo edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. water

Chuukese edit

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. you (singular)

Adjective edit

ka

  1. you are

Related terms edit

Present and past tense Negative tense Future Negative future Distant future Negative determinate
Singular First person ua use upwe usap upwap ute
Second person ka, ke kose, kese kopwe, kepwe kosap, kesap kopwap, kepwap kote, kete
Third person a ese epwe esap epwap ete
Plural First person aua (exclusive)
sia (inclusive)
ause (exclusive)
sise (inclusive)
aupwe (exclusive)
sipwe (inclusive)
ausap (exclusive)
sisap (inclusive)
aupwap (exclusive)
sipwap (inclusive)
aute (exclusive)
site (inclusive)
Second person oua ouse oupwe ousap oupwap oute
Third person ra, re rese repwe resap repwap rete


Cimbrian edit

Etymology edit

Shortened form of kan.

Preposition edit

ka

  1. Alternative form of kan, used before words starting with s.

Further reading edit

  • “ka” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Drung edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ka.

Noun edit

ka

  1. word

References edit

  • Ross Perlin (2019) A Grammar of Trung[2], Santa Barbara: University of California

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From kade.

Noun edit

ka f (plural kaden or kades or ka's, diminutive kaatje n)

  1. Alternative form of kade.

Etymology 2 edit

Uncertain. Possibly from Catharina Mulder or "Kaat Mossel".

Noun edit

ka f (plural ka's, diminutive kaatje n)

  1. (Netherlands, derogatory) dominant woman
Synonyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Related to kauw.

Noun edit

ka f (plural ka's or kauwen, diminutive kaatje n or kauwtje n)

  1. Alternative form of kauw.

Etymology 4 edit

Borrowed from Egyptian kꜣ.

Noun edit

ka c (plural ka's)

  1. ka (ancient Egyptian notion of the soul, shown as a bird)

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

Derived from kaasas.

Adverb edit

ka (not comparable)

  1. also, too
    Tema läks ka metsa.
    He also went to the forest.

Ewe edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka (plural kawo)

  1. cord
  2. line
  3. rope
  4. string

Verb edit

ka

  1. to bite
  2. to break
  3. to chip
  4. to rummage

Finnish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑ/, [ˈkɑ̝]
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification(key): ka

Etymology 1 edit

A dialectal or colloquial 2nd person imperative present of katsoa (to look).

Verb edit

ka

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) look!
    Ka!
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Variant of kaa, both shortenings of kanssa.

Adverb edit

ka (rare, dialectal)

  1. also, too
    Minä menin kauppaan ka.
    I went to a shop as well.

French edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ka/, /kɑ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes:

Noun edit

ka m (plural kas)

  1. kay, The name of the Latin-script letter K.

Fula edit

Preposition edit

ka

  1. to, in, at

Suffix edit

ka

  1. Noun class indicator for nouns (singular) including abstractions and borrowed words

Usage notes edit

Article edit

ka

  1. (definite) the (when it follows the noun)
    taasa kathe bowl

Usage notes edit

Determiner edit

ka

  1. (used in indicating something)
    ka taasathis/that bowl

Usage notes edit

References edit

Futuna-Aniwa edit

Verb edit

ka

  1. (Aniwa) to squeal

German edit

Phrase edit

ka

  1. (Internet slang) Alternative spelling of k. A.
    • 2004 September 21, Tilman Wetter, “Schaltauge nachrüsten?”, in de.rec.fahrrad[3] (Usenet):
      Na gut
      Mir war halt so nach schnellspannnabe, wegen Reifenwechseln undsoweiter.
      Ich hab ka nun den zweiten Totenkopf abgerissen und die 14er Schlüssel
      ziehen Winters immer in den Süden :-(
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 2005 December 10, Alexander Jede, “einfrierende Maus bei xine”, in linux.debian.user.german[4] (Usenet):
      Kann mir da einer helfen? ich hab absolut ka woran es liegt. AUs der config von xine bin ich zum nicht schlauer geworden.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 2006 January 12, Alexander Jede, “einfrierende Maus bei xine”, in linux.debian.user.german[5] (Usenet):
      irgendwo hab ich aufgeschnappt das mitte Februar neue Dual Core CPU´s auf den Markt kommen.Bitte nicht fragen wo ich das her hab,ka vieleicht bilde ich mir das ja auch nur ein ;-)
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology edit

From African origin. Cognate with Kabuverdianu ka.

Adverb edit

ka

  1. not

Haitian Creole edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From French cas (case).

Noun edit

ka

  1. case, instance

Etymology 2 edit

Contraction of kapab, from French capable

Verb edit

ka

  1. (auxiliary) can, be able to

Hausa edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

  1. (with or à) in or on

References edit

  • Newman, Paul (2007) A Hausa-English Dictionary (Yale Language Series), New Haven; London: Yale University Press, →ISBN, page 102.

Hawaiian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ke (before words that begin with 'k', 'a', 'e', or 'o')

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

ka sg (plural )

  1. the

Iban edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /käʔ̚/

Verb edit

ka

  1. (informal, modal auxiliary) Contraction of deka.
    Aku ka makai asi.
    I want to eat rice.

Ido edit

Etymology edit

See kad. Decision no. 16, Progreso II. Based on the apocopic forms a, e, and o.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ka

  1. Apocopic form of kad (used before a consonant)
    Ka tu amoras me?Do you love me?

References edit

  • Progreso II (in Ido), 1909–1910, pages 15, 357, 579

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch kaa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter K/k.

Synonyms edit

  • ke (Standard Malay)

See also edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

ka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Javanese edit

Etymology edit

Clipping of ika

Determiner edit

ka

  1. (colloquial) yonder

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From African origin.

Adverb edit

ka

  1. not

Kapampangan edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ka (2sg. subject pronoun).

Particle edit

ka

  1. marks a sentence as interrogative
    Kalaraman ka?
    Is it a lie?
    Nanka?
    What's up?
    • 1617, Francisco Coronel, Arte y reglas de la lengua Pampanga:
      Sucat mo casing bitasan quing micabucasan ca?
      Can you by chance assure us that you will arrive tomorrow?
  2. whether (or not)
    X ka Y ka?
    Are you an X or Y?
    Munta ka alika?
    Are you going or not?
  3. used with o to mark list and to connect choices being considered with uncertainty
    Ini ka o ita ka, sanu kareni.
    This or that?, which one of these?
    Magpasta ka o magpitsa ka?
    Are you gonna eat pasta or pizza?

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. you (second person singular)
    Kaluguran daka
    I love you
    Mamun ka kang inda
    Say goodbye to your mother

Usage notes edit

  • The word ka usually replaces ika when in the middle of a sentence.
  • When speaking to be polite, use the plural form kayu, ikayu.

See also edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter K.

Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32
    Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū — each, again, with a long vowel sound.

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

Originally an old neuter nominative singular form of kas (who, what) that acquired the function of a conjunction. Cognates include Old Prussian ka (who, what).[1]

Pronunciation edit

(file)

Conjunction edit

ka

  1. that; used to link a subordinate clause to the main clause, sometimes with a pronominal antecedent (tas, tāds, tik, tādēļ, tāpēc), with various different functions:
    (a) subject:
    labi, ka darbs padarīts(it is) good that the work is done
    viņam nepatika, ka tagad viņi ar Plienu bija palikuši tikai divihe didn't like that now only he and Pliens had remained
    aplam darīts arī tas, ka divās dienās nopļāva visu Spilvas pļavuwrongly done was also that (= the fact) that (he) mowed the entire Spilva meadow in two days
    tveice bija tāda, ka šķita - tīrums smaržo kā liela rudzu kaltethe heat was such that one felt (as if) the field smelled like a big rye drier
    (b) attributive complement, (secondary) predicate
    pienāca ziņa, ka tēvs saslimisthere is news that father is sick
    viņi nolaida karogus per zīmi, ka demonstrācija beigusiesthey lowered the flags as a sign that the protest was over
    vēl vairāk sirdi nospeiž sāpes, / ka atkal apkārt tikai mežseven more the heart is oppressed by the pain / that again (there is) only forest around
    ir tāds karstums, ka pat putniņi paslēpušies(there) is such a heat that even the little birds are hiding
    (c) direct object
    viņš teica, ka varam iethe said that we could go
    Ģirts redzēja, ka Artūrs nekā neapjēdz, ka labāk runāt par ko cituĢirts saw that Artūrs would never realize that it would be better to talk about something else
    Krančelis izrādīja visu savu nemieru ar to, ka nevarēja meiteni iepriecinātKrančelis showed all his concern with that (= the fact) that he could not cheer up the girl
    kas gan var būt vēl skaistāks pasaulē par to, ka cilvēks palīdz cilvēkam un draugs - draugam!what can be more beautiful in (this) world than that (= the fact) that a person helps (another) person and a friend - (another) friend!
    (d) adverbial complement (manner)
    viņpus upes krastā Preimanis lādējās, ka visa pamale skanējaon the shore, on the other side of the river, Preimanis cursed (in such a way) that the whole horizon resounded (with his curses)
    Saulītis krāca tā, ka ārā varēja dzirdētSaulītis snored so (= in such a way) that one could hear it outside
    (e) adverbial complement (cause)
    (often tāpēc ka, tādēļ ka, less frequently tamdēļ ka, tālab ka, “for the reason that”)
    viņai kļūst kauns par sevi, ka pat domās pieļāvusi salīdzinājumushe felt ashamed of herself, that (= because) she had allowed herself (to make) this comparison even in thought
    publicisti uzbruka rakstniekiem, ka tie bez īstas kvēles un dedzības ķeras pagatavot lugasthe publishers attacked the writers that (= because) they tried to prepare (= write) plays without real fervor and zeal
    “bet varbūt tāpēc līst, ka man sāp zobs”, viņš iedomājās“but maybe it is raining for that reason, that (= because) my tooth hurts,” he thought
    krievu valoda mums jāprot tādēļ, ka tā ir mūsu kaimiņu un draugu valodawe must know Russian for that reason, that (= because) it is the language of our neighbors and friends
    Ješka nepaguva atbildēt, tāpēc ka papriekš gribēja iedzertJeška couldn't answer, because he first wanted to drink
    tu, tēvoc, daudz ko nedzirdi, tādēļ ka kurls esi palicisyou, uncle, haven't heard much, because you have become deaf
    (f) adverbial complement (consequence)
    (often “so that”)
    otrā rītā sāp mugura, ka tīri vai jāraudthe next morning (his) back was in pain, (so much) that (he) simply had to cry
    visi bija tik satraukti, ka nemanīja, vai viņš atsveicinās vai neeverybody was so excited that (they) did not noticed whether or not he said goodbye
    Ainas acis vērāas tik mierīgas un vēas, ka viņš atmeta šādu domu(but) Aina's eyes were so peaceful and cool (= calm) that he abandoned such thought(s)
    dejotāju kājas bija noru noblietējušas tā, ka zeme sāka skanētthe dancers' feet had stomped the (forest) glade so (= in such a way) that the earth began to resound
    vējš gaudoja aizvien stiprāk, tā ka sāka jau drebēt majas jumtsthe wind howled more and more strongly, so that the house roof began to shake
    vecais zvirbulis bija ļoti noskumis un kļuva pat neuzmanīgs, tā ka to gandrīz noķēra pelēkais Minkathe old sparrow had become very sad and even inattentive, so that the gray Minka (= cat) almost caught him
    (g) adverbial complement (purpose)
    pēc malkas ej, ka var kurināt tam akmenim virsū!go find wood, (so) that we can burn it on (top of) that rock
    skrien kā traks, ka tikai izraut lielāku normuI run (= work) like crazy, (so) that I may get a larger margin (= advantage)
    (h) adverbial complement (measure, proportion)
    tūlīt pēc kara pievairojis bija pelēču, ka mudžimmediately after the war the grays (= landowners) became many, (so much) that (they) were swarming
    viņa steidzās tik ļoti, ka neievēroja vaļējās klēts durvis un tajās sēdošo cilvēkushe hurried so much that (she) did not notice the open barn door and the person sitting in(side of) it
    vai tik daudz sāpju sevī pārvarēji, / ka tikai prieku spēsi citiem sniegt?have you overcome so much pain in yourself / that you will be able to give only joy to others?
    (i) adverbial complement (condition)
    kas tas par draugu, ka nevar palīdzēt?what kind of friend is he, that (= if) he can't help?
    kur gan esat, zilie ceriņi, ka nekur vairs nesatieku jūs?where are you, blue lilac, that (= if) I don't find you anywhere?

Particle edit

ka

  1. used to add a nuance of probability or doubt to a, usually negative, utterance, to make it optative, expressive of a desire (cf. kaut); may...
    jāsagrābj siens, ka neuznāk lietus(we) have to rake the hay together, may rain not come (i.e., maybe there will be rain)
    vispirms gādājiet, lai rudzi tiek statos; ka neuznāk krusafirst of all make sure that the rye is in heaps; may hail not come (= i.e., maybe there will be hail)
    ka tik viņš neaizietu!may he only not leave! if only he wouldn't leave!
    ka nenositas”, Nikolajs ieminas, bet onkulis atmet at roku: “liels puisietis, nenositīsies”may he not get himself killed” (i.e., he probably won't get himself killed), Nikolas said, and uncle gestured with his hand: “(he is) a big boy, he won't get himself killed”
    “ak, ka tak viss neietu tik lēnām... tos, kas nomirs, tos tak ielaidīs jūrā?” “laikam”
    “oh, may everything not go so slowly (= if only everything didn't go so slowly)... those who died, they will be thrown into the sea?” “maybe”
    pagája labs brīdis, bet necēlās neviens no pakritušajiem skrējējiem... ka viņu vilks, nu būs abi divi beigtia good while went by, but none of the fallen runners stood up... may (the devil) take him, they now will be (= probably are) both finished (= dead)
  2. used to reinforce the intensity of an action or activity, usually with a repeated verb; ... and ...
    māte tik naigi dur ka dur - šuj savu šujamomother so quickly pierced and pierced - she sows her sowing (= what she needs to sow, i.e. she is certainly carrying out her task)

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ka”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka m inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter k.

See also edit

Malay edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. Abbreviation of kaki (foot (unit of measurement)).

Further reading edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

ka

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mangas edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. second person singular personal pronoun, you

References edit

  • Blench, Robert; Bulkaam, Michael (2021) An Introduction to Mantsi, a South Bauchi language of Central Nigeria. University of Cambridge.

Maori edit

Particle edit

ka

  1. Marks an event as occurring at some time or as existing
  2. when; used before a verb to indicate the start of an action or state
  3. Marks a verb as being in future tense
  4. Used when counting numbers
    Ka tahi, ka rua, ka toru...
    One, two, three...
  5. Used in commands with taua and tātou
    ātou ka haere
    let's go
  6. now (for the first time); when used after kātahi anō

References edit

  • "ka" - Maori Dictionary

Mapudungun edit

Adverb edit

ka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. too; also

Synonyms edit

Conjunction edit

ka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. and

Determiner edit

ka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. another; not the same

Min Nan edit

Noun edit

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. family, household

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. turtle dove; Turtur orientalis

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. scissors

Verb edit

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. to raise; to increase; to add; plus

Mizo edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kaj ~ kaj-maʔ , from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka (I; me).

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. I; me

References edit

Namuyi edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. bed

Naxi edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ka-(n/m/ŋ).

Adjective edit

ka

  1. bitter

References edit

  • Naxi Dictionary by T.M. Pinson, Lijiang 2012

Northern Pomo edit

Noun edit

ka

  1. water

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1959; superseded by hva

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ka

  1. (dialectal, Trøndelag, Northern Norway, Vestlandet, non-standard since 1959) alternative form of kva (what)
    Ka e da du gjere på?
    What are you doing?

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the masculine and neuter respectively of Sanskrit (), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kás, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷós.

Pronoun edit

ka m

  1. (interrogative) who
  2. (interrogative) what
  3. (interrogative) which
    • 2006, The First Book in the Suttanta-Pitaka: Dīgha-Nikāya (I)[6], page 82:
      කන‍්නු ඛ‍්වජ‍්ජ සමණං වා බ්‍රාහ‍්මණං වා පයිරුපාසෙය්‍යාම යන‍්නො පයිරුපාසතො චිත‍්තං පසීදෙය්‍යා!"ති
      kannu khvajja samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā payirupāseyyāma yanno payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā!"ti
      Indeed now which ascetic or Brahmin should we visit today who, for us visiting him, will soothe the heart?
Usage notes edit

The pronoun may function as an interrogative adjective.

Declension edit
Derived terms edit
  • (“who (f)”)

Pronoun edit

ka n

  1. (interrogative) what
  2. (interrogative) which
Usage notes edit

The pronoun may function as an interrogative adjective.

Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from the pronunciation of a syllable consisting only of the letter.

Noun edit

ka m

  1. the Pali letter 'k'
    • c. 500 AD, Kaccāyana, Pālivyākaraṇaṃ [Pali Grammar]‎[7], page 4; republished as Satish Chandra Acharyya Vidyabhusana, editor, Kaccayana's Pali Grammar (edited in Devanagari character and translated into English), Calcutta, Bengal: Mahabodhi Society, 1901:
      , ख, ग, घ, ङ, च, छ, ज, झ, ञ, ट, ठ, ड, ढ, ण, त, थ, द, ध, न, प, फ, ब, भ, म, य, र, ल, व, स, ह, ळ, ं। इति व्यञ्जन नाम होन्ति।
      Ka, kha, ga, gha, ṅa, ca, cha, ja, jha, ña, ṭa, ṭha, ḍa, ḍha, ṇa, ta, tha, da, dha, na, pa, pha, ba, bha, ma, ya, ra, la, va, sa, ha, ḷa, aṃ, iti vyañjanā nāma honti.
      'k', 'kh', 'g', 'gh', 'ṅ', 'c', 'ch', 'j', 'jh', 'ñ, 'ṭ', 'ṭh', 'ḍ', 'ḍh', 'ṇ', 't', 'th', 'd', 'dh', 'n', 'p', 'ph', 'b', 'bh', 'm', 'y', 'r', 'l', 'v', 's', 'h', 'ḷ' and 'ṃ', these are the consonants by name.
    • c. 500 AD, Kaccāyana, Pālivyākaraṇaṃ [Pali Grammar]‎[8], page 12; republished as Satish Chandra Acharyya Vidyabhusana, editor, Kaccayana's Pali Grammar (edited in Devanagari character and translated into English), Calcutta, Bengal: Mahabodhi Society, 1901:
      को यस्स यथा-सको।
      Ko yassa yathā-sako.
      'K' from 'y' as in 'sako'.
Declension edit
Synonyms edit

References edit

  • Pali Text Society (1921–1925), “ka˚”, in Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead

Picuris edit

Verb edit

ka

  1. to wash

Further reading edit

  • Dominic Yu, Comparative Phonology of Picurís and Taos (2008)

Pitjantjatjara edit

Conjunction edit

ka

  1. and (switching)
    Watingku maḻu nyangu ka wirtjapakaṉu.
    The man saw the kangaroo and the kangaroo ran away.

Usage notes edit

  • Ka is a switching conjunction. When it links two clauses or sentences, it conveys that the second clause has a different subject from the first. In cases where the subject remains the same, the conjunction munu is used. In the example above, the subject of the second clause need not be "the kangaroo", although that seems the most likely possibility from context. The ku simply tells us that someone or something other than wati (the subject of the first clause) ran away.
  • Although ka is spelt with a short a, the vowel is actually long (kaa). The misleading spelling exists for historical reasons.

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

Interjection edit

ka

  1. ha (representation of laughter)

Rapa Nui edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Polynesian *ka-, *ka. Cognates include Hawaiian ʻa- and Maori ka.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈka/
  • Hyphenation: ka

Particle edit

ka

  1. Used to indicate the future tense.
  2. Used to indicate the imperative mood.
  3. Used to indicate the jussive mood.
  4. Used to indicate the temporal contiguity of an action.
  5. Used to indicate the conditional mood of a relative clause.
  6. Used to form a counting form from of the following numeral.
    Ka tahi, ka rua, ka toru.One, two, three.

Interjection edit

¡ka!

  1. Intensifies the following verb; how! what a!
    ¡Ka ma'itaki 'ō!How very beautiful!

Usage notes edit

  • Ka is often used to convey an objective intensification, while ko is used when one has a strong emotion towards the subject.

References edit

  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[9], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, pages 153, 330, 477, 491

Rawang edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Compare Burmese ကြက် (krak).

Noun edit

ka

  1. chicken.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ka-(n/m/ŋ) (bitter). Cognate with Burmese ခါး (hka:), Old Chinese (OC *kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs).

Adjective edit

ka

  1. bitter.

Scots edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Of imitative origin, similar to Old High German (crow, jackdaw), Middle Low German (crow, jackdaw), English caw.

Noun edit

ka (plural kas)

  1. jackdaw

Serbo-Croatian edit

Preposition edit

ka (Cyrillic spelling ка)

  1. Alternative form of k

Synonyms edit

Adverb edit

ka (Cyrillic spelling ка)

  1. (Chakavian, Montenegro) as, like

Synonyms edit

Conjunction edit

ka

  1. (Chakavian, Montenegro) as, like

Synonyms edit

Pronoun edit

ka (Cyrillic spelling ка)

  1. (Chakavian, Kajkavian, interrogative) which (feminine)
  2. (Chakavian, Kajkavian, relative) which, that, who (feminine)
  3. (Chakavian, Kajkavian, indefinite) some (feminine)

Synonyms edit

Somali edit

Etymology 1 edit

Preposition edit

ka

  1. from
  2. away from
  3. out of
  4. about, concerning
Usage notes edit
  • In Somali, prepositions fall before the verb and not before the noun they modify:
    Ka imow.To come from.
    Ka keen.To bring from.

Etymology 2 edit

Article edit

ka

  1. Alternative spelling of -ka
    Garaash ka fur.Open the garage.

References edit

  • Puglielli, Annarita; Mansuur, Cabdalla Cumar (2012), “ka”, in Qaamuuska Af-Soomaliga, Rome: RomaTrE-Press, →ISBN

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka f (plural kas)

  1. Name of the letter k

Further reading edit

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

ka

  1. Romanization of 𒅗 (ka)

Swahili edit

Etymology edit

From the -ka- consecutive tense marker.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ka

  1. and then (used between a series of actions that happened soon closely together)

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

Influenced by Baybayin character (ka).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ka (Baybayin spelling )

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter K/k, in the Abakada alphabet.
    Synonym: (in the Filipino alphabet) key
  2. (historical) The name of the Latin-script letter K/k, in the Abecedario.
    Synonym: (in the Filipino alphabet) key
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ka (2sg. subject pronoun).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ka (Baybayin spelling )

  1. you (second person singular)
Usage notes edit
  • The word ka usually replaces ikaw when in the middle of a sentence.
  • When speaking to be polite, use the plural form kayo.
Alternative forms edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

From clipping of wika.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(Baybayin spelling )

  1. Alternative spelling of 'ka
Derived terms edit

Thai edit

Romanization edit

ka

  1. Romanization of ค่ะ

Tok Pisin edit

Etymology edit

From English car.

Noun edit

ka

  1. car

Tuvaluan edit

Particle edit

ka

  1. future tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

Ujir edit

Numeral edit

ka

  1. four

References edit

  • Antoinette Schapper, Marian Klamer, Numeral systems in the Alor-Pantar languages

Veps edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adverb edit

ka

  1. yes
  2. certainly, absolutely
  3. naturally, of course
  4. let's [+first-person plural imperative]

Conjunction edit

ka

  1. but
  2. then (in "if...then" constructions)

References edit

Volapük edit

Conjunction edit

ka

  1. than (used for comparisons)

Ye'kwana edit

Alternative forms edit

  • cha (allomorph after i)

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ka

  1. Forms a polar (yes/no) question.

Usage notes edit

In most circumstances this particle is found in the second position in a sentence (immediately after the first constituent). Occasionally, for unclear reasons, it may appear elsewhere.

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “ka”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 158–159

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Cognate with Igala káà

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to count
  2. (intransitive, transitive) to read
Usage notes edit
  • ka before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Likely cognate with Igala (to tell) and Igbo (to speak), perhaps related to Nupe gàn

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive) to confess (literally, "to recount previous misdeeds involuntarily or under duress")
Usage notes edit
  • ka before a direct object
Derived terms edit
  • ìkà (“the act of confession”)
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to buy things in the hundreds
Usage notes edit
  • ka before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Cognate with Igala

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive) to pluck fruit (from a tree)
  2. to break something; to knock off something
  3. (idiomatic) to become snapped under pressure
Derived terms edit

Etymology 5 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive) to curl or fold something
    Fọlá, wá bá mi aṣọ!Fọla, come and help me fold the clothes
  2. (intransitive) to become curled or folded
  3. to constrain someone (often via supernatural means)
  4. (idiomatic) to get something under control
    apá àtẹ́lẹwọ́ kì í ká iléThe arm of the palm cannot control the house (Yoruba incantation)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 6 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. to be everywhere
Usage notes edit
  • Used especially in the V2 position
Derived terms edit