Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ato

  1. See -at-

Interlingua edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English -ate, French -ate, Italian -ato, Portuguese -ato/Portuguese -ado/Spanish -ato/Spanish -ado, all from Latin -ātus.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

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-ato

  1. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a status, jurisdiction or period of office; -ate, -dom, -cy, -ship
    duce (duke) + ‎-ato → ‎ducato (duchy, dukedom)
    episcoppo (bishop) + ‎-ato → ‎episcopato (bishopric, episcopate)
    capitano (capitain) + ‎-ato → ‎capitanato (capitaincy)
    discipulo (disciple) + ‎-ato → ‎discipulato (discipleship)

Usage notes edit

  • This suffix is not to be confused with -ata (-ful).

Derived terms edit

Category Interlingua terms suffixed with -ato not found

References edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.to/
  • Rhymes: -ato
  • Hyphenation: -à‧to

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin -ātus, from Proto-Italic *-ātos.

Suffix edit

-ato (past participle-forming suffix, feminine -ata, masculine plural -ati, feminine plural -ate)

  1. used with a stem to form the past participle of regular -are verbs

Suffix edit

-ato m (noun-forming suffix, plural -ati)

  1. a rank or office; -ate, -hood, -ship, -cy
    apprendista (apprentice) + ‎-ato → ‎apprendistato (apprenticeship)
    priore (prior, noun) + ‎-ato → ‎priorato (priorate, office of a prior)

Suffix edit

-ato (adjective-forming suffix, feminine -ata, masculine plural -ati, feminine plural -ate)

  1. forms adjectives having or resembling the specified thing
    lobo (lobe) + ‎-ato → ‎lobato (lobate, having lobes)
    palmo (palm (of the hand)) + ‎-ato → ‎palmato (palmate, resembling a palm)

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Suffix edit

-ato m (noun-forming suffix, plural -ati)

  1. (chemistry) a derivative of a specified element or compound; especially a salt or ester of an acid whose name ends in -ico; -ate
    nitrico (nitric) + ‎-ato → ‎nitrato (nitrate)

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Suffix edit

-ātō

  1. second/third-person singular future active imperative of (first conjugation)

Etymology 2 edit

Suffix edit

-ātō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of -ātus

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin -ātus. Compare the inherited doublet -ado.

Suffix edit

-ato m (noun-forming suffix, plural -atos)

  1. -ship; -ate (rank or office)
    Synonym: -ado
  2. -age (place)
  3. (chemistry) -ate (derivative of a salt or ester of an acid whose name ends in -ico)

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin -ātus (past participle suffix). Compare the inherited doublet -ado.

Suffix edit

-ato m (noun-forming suffix, plural -atos, feminine -ata, feminine plural -atas)

  1. forms an institution from a noun stem
    huérfano (orphan) + ‎-ato → ‎orfanato (orphanage)
  2. forms the corresponding action of a noun
    asesino (assassin) + ‎-ato → ‎asesinato (assassination)
  3. indicates a baby of a specific animal
    ballena (whale) + ‎-ato → ‎ballenato (baby whale)
  4. forms adjectives of quality
    nuevo (new) + ‎-ato → ‎novato (unexperienced)
  5. denotes the office of a noun stem
    cardenal ((Catholic) cardinal) + ‎-ato → ‎cardenalato (cardinalate, office of the cardinal)
    Fujimori (surname of the former president of Peru, Alberto Fujimori) + ‎-ato → ‎fujimorato (time period when Alberto Fujimori was in office)

Etymology 2 edit

Suffix edit

-ato m (noun-forming suffix, plural -atos)

  1. (chemistry) -ate (designates a salt or ester related to an acid)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Ye'kwana edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Alternative forms edit

Suffix edit

-ato

  1. Forms nouns from adverbs, adverbial verb forms, and postpositions, typically with the sense of ‘one that (is) …’, ‘one that has the quality of …’.
Usage notes edit

When attaching to a final vowel e, this suffix takes the form -ato, with the first vowel replacing the e; when attaching to i, it takes the form -cho; in all other circumstances it takes the form -to.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From -a (recent/distant past imperfective suffix) +‎ -to (plural verb suffix).

Alternative forms edit

Suffix edit

-ato

  1. Forms the plural of the recent past imperfective tense when the arguments of the verb are first- or second-person.
Usage notes edit

This suffix can cause syllable reduction. The suffix takes the form -kato when the preceding syllable is reducible and has an onset of k, -yato when the preceding syllable ends in i, and -ato in other contexts.

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “-ato”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 138–140, 213–222
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988) The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volume I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University, page 302