English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English -eys, from Old French -eis, from Latin -ēnsis (in some cases from Late Latin -iscus). Compare Italian -ese.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ese

  1. Used to form adjectives and nouns describing things and characteristics of a city, region, or country, such as the people and the language spoken by these people.
    Viennese waltz (sausage, etc), Maltese falcon, Chinese, Togolese, Beninese, Congolese, Milanese, Parmese, Japanese, Faroese, Portuguese, Vietnamese
  2. Used to form nouns meaning the jargon used by a particular profession or in a particular context.
    journal + ‎-ese → ‎journalese
    legal + ‎-ese → ‎legalese
    translation + ‎-ese → ‎translationese

Usage notes edit

Generally speaking, nouns formed with the suffix -ese have no distinct plural form (two Viennese) and, with the definite article, are plural and refer to an entire group (the Ravennese). They are also generally not used in the singular, as in "I am a Chinese"; instead, phrases like "I am a Chinese person" are used. (In some British dialects, "a Chinese" can be used, but to refer to a Chinese meal, rather than a person.) This is not always the case, particularly for speakers from East Asia who use it to translate demonyms such as 日本人 and 中国人, but such countable uses may have nonstandard meanings.

Derived terms edit

Adjectives and nouns describing characteristics of a region
Nouns denoting jargon

Translations edit

Note: these translations are a guide only. For more precise translations, see individual words ending in -ese.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ See e.g.
    Annamese”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present. / “Annamese”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present. / “Annamese”, in Collins English Dictionary. / “Annamese”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.,
    Chinese”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present. / “Chinese”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present. / “Chinese”, in Collins English Dictionary. / “Chinese”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.,
    legalese”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present. / “legalese”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.,
    Viennese”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present. / “Viennese”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present. / “Viennese”, in Collins English Dictionary. / “Viennese”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC., etc.

Anagrams edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈeː.zə]
  • (file)

Suffix edit

-ese m (weak, genitive -esen, plural -esen)

  1. Forms nouns indicating an inhabitant of a place.

Usage notes edit

The suffix -er is more common.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Interlingua edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English -an, French -ain, Italian -ano, Portuguese -ano/Spanish -ano, all ultimately from Latin -ānus.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ese

  1. forms nouns and adjectives from nouns, denoting or pertaining to a native, citizen or inhabitant; -ese
    Synonyms: (noun) -ano, -ana, -ita, (adjective) -an
    China (China) + ‎-ese → ‎chinese (Chinese)
    Geneva (Geneva) + ‎-ese → ‎genevese (Genevese)
    Francia (France) + ‎-ese → ‎francese (French)
  2. forms nouns and adjectives from nouns, denoting or pertaining to a language; -ese
    Synonyms: (noun) -ano, (adjective) -an
    China (China) + ‎-ese → ‎chinese (Chinese)
    Brooklyn (Brooklyn) + ‎-ese → ‎brooklynese (Brooklynese, Brooklyn dialect)

Derived terms edit

References edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin -ēnsem (originating in), whence also Italian -ense.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈe.ze/, (traditional) /ˈe.se/
  • Rhymes: -eze, (traditional) -ese
  • Hyphenation: -é‧se

Suffix edit

-ese m

  1. -ese (both senses); -er
    Libano (Lebanon) + ‎-ese → ‎libanese (Lebanese)
    Cina (China) + ‎-ese → ‎cinese (Chinese)
    sinistra (left) + ‎-ese → ‎sinistrese (left-wing political jargon)
    giornalista (journalist) + ‎-ese → ‎giornalistese (journalese)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit