See also: nik, Nik, and -ník

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From the Slavic suffix represented by Russian -ник (-nik). This suffix experienced a surge in English coinages for nicknames and diminutives after the 1957 Soviet launch of the first Sputnik satellite. English usage is heavily influenced by Yiddish usage of ־ניק(-nik) and similar borrowed words (nogoodnik, nudnik, kibbutznik).

SuffixEdit

-nik

  1. Creates a nickname for a person who exemplifies, endorses, or is associated with the thing or quality specified (by the base form), often a particular ideology or preference.

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit

  • Kabakchi, V. V.; Doyle, Charles Clay (Autumn 1990) , “Of Sputniks, Beatniks, and Nogoodniks”, in American Speech[1], volume 65, issue 3, JSTOR 455919, pages 275-278

AnagramsEdit


EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.) Compare Ingrian -nikka, Latvian -nieks and Russian -ник (-nik).

SuffixEdit

-nik (genitive -niku, partitive -nikku)

  1. Forms occupational agent nouns. (non-productive)
    kiri (text) + ‎-nik → ‎kirjanik (writer)
    aed (garden) + ‎-nik → ‎aednik (gardener)
    kunst (art) + ‎-nik → ‎kunstnik (artist)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit



OjibweEdit

NounEdit

-nik (plural -nikan, obligatorily possessed)

  1. arm

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-nikъ.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nik m

  1. Forms masculine nouns referring to a performer of some action, sometimes a device; -er

DeclensionEdit

Personal nouns:

Impersonal nouns:

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-nikъ, *-ьnikъ, itself originally by nominalization of adjectives in *-ьnъ with the suffix *-ikъ (whence -ik). The suffix originates from the Proto-Balto-Slavic period; compare with dialectal Lithuanian lauk-inykas (peasant, farmer) (from laũkas (field)) and Old Prussian lauk-inikis (vassal).

SuffixEdit

-nik (Cyrillic spelling -ник)

  1. Suffix appended to nominal stems to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a professional, performer, adherent, place, object, tool or a feature.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, page 515