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See also: ник

Contents

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnikъ, itself originally by nominalization of adjectives in *-ьnъ with the suffix *-ikъ (whence -ик (-ik)). The suffix originates from the Proto-Balto-Slavic period; compare dialectal Lithuanian lauk-inykas (peasant, farmer) (from laũkas (field)) and Old Prussian lauk-inikis (vassal).

SuffixEdit

-ник or -ни́к (-nik or -ník)

  1. Suffix appended to nominal stems to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a professional, performer, adherent, place, object, tool or a feature.
    лы́жа (lýža, ski) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎лы́жник (lýžnik, skier)
    путь (putʹ, way, path, road) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎пу́тник (pútnik, traveler)
    бюдже́т (bjudžét, budget) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎бюджетни́к (bjudžetník, government employee) (colloquial)
    кни́га (kníga, book) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎кни́жник (knížnik, bookseller; book lover; scribe) (colloquial)
    двор (dvor, yard, courtyard) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎дво́рник (dvórnik, janitor; street cleaner)
    бума́га (bumága, paper, document) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎бума́жник (bumážnik, wallet; papermaker)
    пар (par, steam) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎па́рник (párnik, pot used for steaming)
    учёба (učóba, studies, learning) + ‎-ник (-nik) → ‎уче́бник (učébnik, textbook; manual)

Usage notesEdit

The suffix has the same properties as -ный (-nyj):

Additional properties:

Note in particular that nouns in -ка (-ka), -ко (-ko) have corresponding derived nouns in unstressed -очник or -ечник.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-(ь)nikъ, itself originally by nominalization of adjectives in *-ьnъ with the suffix *-ikъ (whence -ик). The suffix originates from the Proto-Balto-Slavic period; compare with dialectal Lithuanian lauk-inykas (peasant, farmer) (from laũkas (field)) and Old Prussian lauk-inikis (vassal).

SuffixEdit

-ник (Latin spelling -nik)

  1. Suffix appended to nominal stems to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit