Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/tréyes

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

NumeralEdit

cardinal number
3
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*tréyes, adverbial form: *trís, combining form *tri-.

  1. three

DeclensionEdit

Declension of *tréyes Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative *tréyes *tisres (accent?) *tríh₂
Vocative *tréyes *tisres (accent?) *tríh₂
Accusative *tríns *tisrn̥s (accent?) *tríh₂
Instrumental *tribʰí *tisr̥bʰí *tribʰí
Dative *trimós *tisr̥mós *trimós
Ablative *trimós *tisr̥mós *trimós
Genitive *tr̥yóHom *tisróHom *tr̥yóHom
Locative *trisú *tisr̥sú *trisú

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: tre, tri
  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script?] (tri-), [script?] (teri-janna-) "the third time"
    • Lycian: 𐊗𐊕𐊁𐊆 (trei)
  • Armenian:
  • Baltic: *triyes
  • Celtic: *trīs
  • Germanic: *þrīz
  • Hellenic:
  • Illyrian: tri-
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: 𐬚𐬭𐬌 (θri), 𐬚𐬭𐬁𐬌𐬌𐬋 (θrāiiō)
      • Balochi: [script?] (sey)
      • Khotanese: [script?] (drai)
      • Kurdish:
      • Mazanderani: [script?] (se)
      • Ossetian: æртæ (ærtæ)
      • Old Persian: [script?] (çi-)
        • Middle Persian: TLTA ()
      • Parthian: hry (hrē)
      • Pashto: درې (dre)
      • Zazaki: hire
    • Nuristani:
      • Kamviri: tre
  • Italic: *trēs
    • Latin: trēs
    • Oscan: 𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌔 (trís)
    • Umbrian: trif (accusative plural)
  • Slavic: *trьje
  • Tocharian:
  • Constructed:
Last modified on 23 January 2014, at 07:54