Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰel-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. to sound; to speak, roar, bark

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰleh₁-
  • *bʰel(h₁)-nos (n-participle)
    • Germanic: *bellǭ (bell) (*-eh₂ reflex)
  • *bʰol-so-s (s-stem)
  • *bʰl̥- (zero-grade)[2]
    • Balto-Slavic: *biltei
      • Lithuanian: bilti (to speak)
      • Lithuanian: byla (speech; case, file)
      • Old Prussian: billīt, billītwei (to say, speak)
      • Slavic: *bьltati (to babble) (extended with -t-)
  • *bʰl̥d- (zero-grade, extended with -d-)[3]

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. shiny, white

ExtensionsEdit

Unsorted formationEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • Unsorted formations
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: भाल (bhāla, splendour)
    • Old Armenian: բալ (bal, fog)

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. to blow, to swell up

Derived termsEdit

ExtensionsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰl̥-eh₂-ye-ti
  • *bʰ(o)l-nis
  • *bʰl̥-nós (n-participle)[8]
    • Hellenic:
    • Celtic: *ballos (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰol-tos (t-participle)

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. henbane

Reconstruction notesEdit

Pokorny lists *bhel- "henbane" separately but allows the possibility that it is the same as *bhel- "shiny, white."[8] Neither Derksen, nor Kroonen gloss their PIE reconstructions for henbane.

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰel-(e)no- (n-participle)

Unsorted formationEdit

  • Old High German: bilsa

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*bellan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 58
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “bilst”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “bildėti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 90
  4. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “болтать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  5. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “blokër”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 30
  6. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*bělъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 40
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*bēla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 57
  8. 8.0 8.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 120
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*balþ/d-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 50
  10. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*bel(e)nъ, *belena, *bolnъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 35