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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰel-

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. to sound; to speak, roar, bark

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰleh₁-
  • *bʰel(h₁)-nos (n-participle)
    • Germanic: *bellǭ (bell) (*-eh₂ reflex)
  • *bʰol-so-s (s-stem)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: balss (voice)
      • Lithuanian: balsas (voice)
  • *bʰl̥- (zero-grade)[2]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: bilti (to speak)
      • Lithuanian: byla (speech; case, file)
      • Old Prussian: billīt, billītwei (to say, speak)
      • Slavic: *bьltati (to babble) (extended with -t-)
  • *bʰl̥d- (zero-grade, extended with -d-)[3]
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: bilsti (to knock, rumble)
      • Latvian: bilst (to utter) (bildu)
      • Latvian: bildēt (to speak)
      • Lithuanian: bildėti (to knock, make noise)
    • Germanic:

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. shiny, white

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰleyǵ-
  • *bʰḗlH-o- / *bʰl̥-ós
  • *bʰolH-o-
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: bãlas (white)
      • Latvian: bāls (pale)
  • Unsorted formations
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: भाल (bhāla, splendour)
    • Hellenic:
    • Old Armenian: բալ (bal, fog)

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. to blow, to swell up

Derived termsEdit

RootEdit

*bʰel-

  1. henbane

Reconstruction notesEdit

Pokorny lists *bhel- "henbane" separately but allows the possibility that it is the same as *bhel- "shiny, white."[7] Neither Derksen, nor Kroonen gloss their PIE reconstructions for henbane.

Derived termsEdit

  • *bʰel-(e)no- (n-participle)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bellan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 58
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bilst”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “bildėti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 90
  4. ^ Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “болтать”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  5. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bel(e)nъ, *belena, *bolnъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 40
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*bēla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 57
  7. 7.0 7.1 Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 120
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*balþ/d-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 50
  9. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bel(e)nъ, *belena, *bolnъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 35