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See also: Parco and parcò



Etymology 1Edit


parco (feminine singular parca, masculine plural parchi, feminine plural parche)

  1. frugal, moderate, temperate, sparing

Etymology 2Edit


parco m (plural parchi)

  1. park, garden



  1. first-person singular present indicative of parcare





Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *pe-arkō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erk- (whence arceō). See also parcus.


parcō (present infinitive parcere, perfect active pepercī or parsī, supine parsum); third conjugation

  1. I refrain; I forbear
  2. (with dative) I am lenient to; I spare
  • Perfect parsī is ante-Classical or post-Classical. Perfect parcuī and future participle parcitūrus are found rarely.
   Conjugation of parcō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present parcō parcis parcit parcimus parcitis parcunt
imperfect parcēbam parcēbās parcēbat parcēbāmus parcēbātis parcēbant
future parcam parcēs parcet parcēmus parcētis parcent
perfect pepercī, parsī pepercistī, parsistī pepercit, parsit pepercimus, parsimus pepercistis, parsistis pepercērunt, pepercēre, parsērunt, parsēre
pluperfect peperceram, parseram pepercerās, parserās pepercerat, parserat pepercerāmus, parserāmus pepercerātis, parserātis pepercerant, parserant
future perfect pepercerō, parserō peperceris, parseris pepercerit, parserit pepercerimus, parserimus peperceritis, parseritis pepercerint, parserint
passive present parcor parceris, parcere parcitur parcimur parciminī parcuntur
imperfect parcēbar parcēbāris, parcēbāre parcēbātur parcēbāmur parcēbāminī parcēbantur
future parcar parcēris, parcēre parcētur parcēmur parcēminī parcentur
perfect parsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect parsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect parsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present parcam parcās parcat parcāmus parcātis parcant
imperfect parcerem parcerēs parceret parcerēmus parcerētis parcerent
perfect pepercerim, parserim pepercerīs, parserīs pepercerit, parserit pepercerīmus, parserīmus pepercerītis, parserītis pepercerint, parserint
pluperfect pepercissem, parsissem pepercissēs, parsissēs pepercisset, parsisset pepercissēmus, parsissēmus pepercissētis, parsissētis pepercissent, parsissent
passive present parcar parcāris, parcāre parcātur parcāmur parcāminī parcantur
imperfect parcerer parcerēris, parcerēre parcerētur parcerēmur parcerēminī parcerentur
perfect parsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect parsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present parce parcite
future parcitō parcitō parcitōte parcuntō
passive present parcere parciminī
future parcitor parcitor parcuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives parcere pepercisse, parsisse parsūrum esse parcī parsum esse parsum īrī
participles parcēns parsūrus parsus parcendus, parcundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
parcendī parcendō parcendum parcendō parsum parsū

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit



  1. dative masculine singular of parcus
  2. dative neuter singular of parcus
  3. ablative masculine singular of parcus
  4. ablative neuter singular of parcus


  • parco in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • parco in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • parco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to spare no pains: labori, operae non parcere
    • to incur few expenses: sumptui parcere (Fam. 16. 4)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill



parco (feminine singular parca, masculine plural parcos, feminine plural parcas)

  1. frugal