camouflage

See also: Camouflage

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French camouflage, from camoufler (to veil, disguise), alteration (due to camouflet (smoke blown in one's face)) of Italian camuffare (to muffle the head), from ca- (from Italian capo (head)) + muffare (to muffle), from Medieval Latin muffula, muffla (muff). This Medieval Latin, from which there is also English muffle, is either derived from a Frankish *molfell (soft garment made of hide) from *mol (softened, forworn) (akin to Old High German molawēn (to soften), Middle High German molwic (soft)) + *fell (hide, skin), from Proto-Germanic *fellą (skin, film, fleece), or, an alternate etymology traces it to a Frankish *muffël (a muff, wrap, envelope) composed of *mauwa (sleeve, wrap) from Proto-Germanic *mawwō (sleeve) + *fell (skin, hide) from Proto-Germanic *fellą (skin, film, fleece).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæ.məˌflɑːʒ/
  • Hyphenation: cam‧ou‧flage

NounEdit

camouflage (countable and uncountable, plural camouflages)

 
A leopard's natural camouflage
  1. A disguise or covering up.
  2. The act of disguising.
  3. (military) The use of natural or artificial material on personnel, objects, or tactical positions with the aim of confusing, misleading, or evading the enemy.[1]
  4. (textiles) A pattern on clothing consisting of irregularly shaped patches that are either greenish/brownish, brownish/whitish, or bluish/whitish, as used by ground combat forces.
  5. (biology) Resemblance of an organism to its surroundings for avoiding detection.
    • 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 206-7:
      Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close [] above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them. Many insects probably use this strategy, which is a close analogy to crypsis in the visible world—camouflage and other methods for blending into one’s visual background.
  6. Clothes made from camouflage fabric, for concealment in combat or hunting.

Derived termsEdit

  • camo (by abbreviation)

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

camouflage (third-person singular simple present camouflages, present participle camouflaging, simple past and past participle camouflaged)

  1. To hide or disguise something by covering it up or changing the way it looks.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (JP 1-02 Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms).

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French camouflage.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌkaː.muˈflaː.ʒə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧mou‧fla‧ge
  • Rhymes: -aːʒə

NounEdit

camouflage f (plural camouflages)

  1. camouflage [from mid 1910s]

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • West Frisian: kamûflaazje

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

camoufler (disguise, to hide) +‎ -age (noun-forming suffix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

camouflage m (plural camouflages)

  1. camouflage

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit