See also: Cent, Cent., and cent-

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English cent, from Old French cent, from Latin centum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

cent (plural cents or cent)

  1. (money) A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the main unit of currency in many countries. Symbol: ¢.
    • 2015 November 22, “Pennies”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 3, episode 35, John Oliver (actor), via HBO:
      It's true. 1.7 cents to make 1 cent. That really makes the phrase “you have to spend money to make money” ring painfully true.
  2. (informal) A small sum of money.
    • 1990, Lou Sullivan, From Female to Male: The Life of Jack Bee Garland, →ISBN, page 10:
      Every cent aside from his own expenses for the barest kind of living went to his down-and-out buddies.
    He blew every last cent.
  3. (money) A subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro.
  4. (money) A coin having face value of one cent (in either of the above senses).
  5. (music) A hundredth of a semitone or half step.
  6. (nuclear physics) A unit of reactivity equal to one hundredth of a dollar.
  7. Abbreviation of century.
  8. (obsolete, except in per cent and cent percent) Abbreviation of centum. One hundred.
    • c. 1450, Octouian Imperator (Octavian), lines 1463-4:
      And broght with hem many stout cent / Of green lordynges.
    • 1733, Alexander Pope, Moral Essays, Epistle III to Allen, Lord Bathurst, 372:
      The demon makes his full descent / In one abundant shower of cent per cent.
  9. Abbreviation of centigrade.
  10. Abbreviation of center.

Usage notes edit

  • Due to the differing plural formats used in European languages, it is common to use the word cent as a plural throughout the Eurozone.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Cantonese: (sin1)
  • Catalan: cent
  • French: cent
  • Georgian: ცენტი (cenṭi)
  • Hebrew: סנט (sent)
  • Italian: cent
  • Korean: 센트 (senteu)
  • Min Nan: (sian)
  • Polish: cent
  • Samoan: sene
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • Swahili: senti
  • Swedish: cent
  • Tok Pisin: sen

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Catalan numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90  ←  99 100 144  →  200  → 
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal (Central): centè
    Ordinal (Valencian): centé
    Ordinal: centèsim
    Multiplier: cèntuple

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

cent m or f

  1. (cardinal number) hundred
Usage notes edit
  • Catalan cardinal numbers may be used as masculine or feminine adjectives, except un/una (1), dos/dues (2), cents/centes (100s) and its compounds. When used as nouns, Catalan cardinal numbers are treated as masculine singular nouns in most contexts, but in expressions involving time such as la una i trenta (1:30) or les dues (two o'clock), they are feminine because the feminine noun hora has been elided.
Derived terms edit

Noun edit

cent m (plural cents)

  1. hundred

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English cent. These senses of the word cent in Catalan derive from the inversion of meaning that took place in English where it was used to indicate one hundredth.

Noun edit

cent m (plural cents)

  1. (music) cent (a hundredth of a half step)
  2. (money) cent (a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro)
Related terms edit
  • cèntim (a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the base unit)

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Either a borrowing from English cent or a shortened borrowed from French centime.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cent f (plural centen, diminutive centje n)

  1. (money) cent, a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the main unit of the Dutch guilder
  2. (money) cent, a subunit of currency equal to one-hundredth of the euro

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: sent
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: sent
  • Caribbean Javanese: sèn
  • Indonesian: sen
  • Papiamentu: sèn, cens
  • Sranan Tongo: sensi
    • Caribbean Hindustani: señs
    • Saramaccan: seén

References edit

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies, Debrabandere, Frans, Quak, Arend, Schoonheim, Tanneke, van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003–2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Esperanto edit

Esperanto numbers (edit)
1,000
 ←  90  ←  99 100 200  →  1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal: centa
    Adverbial: cente
    Multiplier: centobla, centopa
    Fractional: centona, centono

Etymology edit

From Latin centum. Doublet of cendo.

Pronunciation edit

Number edit

cent

  1. hundred
    • 1907, L. L. Zamenhof (tr.), La revizoro, Paris: Esperantista Centra Librejo, translation of Ревизор by Nikolaj Vasiljeviĉ Gogol, Acto kvara:
      Ĉu vi, Pjotr Ivanoviĉ, ne havas cent rublojn?
      Do you, Pjotr Ivanovich, not have one hundred rubles?

Derived terms edit

Franco-Provençal edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin centum.

Numeral edit

cent (ORB)

  1. hundred

References edit

  • cent in DicoFranPro: Dictionnaire Français/Francoprovençal – on dicofranpro.llm.umontreal.ca
  • cent in Lo trèsor Arpitan – on arpitan.eu

French edit

Etymology 1 edit

French numbers (edit)
1,000
[a], [b] ←  90 [a], [b] ←  99 100 200  → [a], [b] 1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal: centième
    Ordinal abbreviation: 100e, (now nonstandard) 100ème
    Multiplier: centuple

Inherited from Middle French cent, from Old French cent, from Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

cent m (plural cents or (obsolete) cens)

  1. hundred
    • 1775, N. J. Saladin, Leçons de mathématiques, publiées par ordres de MM. les magistrats de la Ville de Lille : A l’usage des Élèves de leur École publique des Sciences & des Arts, Lille: [] J. B. Henry, [], page 70:
      857324, 162486, 346896, 437916, 423147, 248106, 235421, 261734, 368149. Octillion, Septillion, Sextillion, Quintillion, Quadrillion, Trillion, Billion, Million, Unité. On imagina de le partager par ſixains, (c’eſt-à-dire par tranches de ſix chiffres chacune) allant de droite à gauche, & chaque ſixain reçut le nom d’unité, de million, de billion, de trillion, &c. ſelon ſon rang. Le dernier chiffre à gauche de chaque ſixain exprime donc des cens mille, le cinquième des dix mille, le quatrième des milles, le troiſième des cens, le ſecond des dixaines, & le premier des unités; ainſi, le dernier ſixain étant des octillions, on a 857324 octillions, c’eſt-à-dire, huit cens cinquante-ſept mille trois cens vingt-quatre octillions: on pourſuivra aiſément d’énoncer le reſte de ce grand nombre, en diſant: cent ſoixante-deux mille quatre cens quatre-vingt-ſix ſeptillions, trois cens quarante-ſix mille huit-cens quatre-vingt-ſeize ſextillions, quatre cens trente-ſept mille neuf cens ſeize quintillions, quatre cens vingt-trois mille cent quarante-ſept quadrillions, deux cens quarante-huit mille cent ſix trillions, deux cens trente-cinq mille quatre cens vingt-un billions, deux cens ſoixante-un mille ſept cens trente-quatre millions, trois cens ſoixante-huit mille cent quarante-nuef unités.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Garifuna: san
  • Haitian Creole: san
  • Louisiana Creole: sen
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English cent, itself from Old French.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cent m (plural cents)

  1. (money) cent (one-hundredth of a dollar or of a euro)
    Synonym: centime
Synonyms edit
  • (dollar): cenne (colloquial, Canada), sou (slang, North America)
Descendants edit
  • Haitian Creole: san
  • Arabic: سنت (sant)
  • Garifuna: san
See also edit

Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral edit

cent

  1. hundred

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cent (plural centek)

  1. (money) cent (a subunit of currency)
  2. (informal) centilitre
    Synonym: centiliter

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative cent centek
accusative centet centeket
dative centnek centeknek
instrumental centtel centekkel
causal-final centért centekért
translative centté centekké
terminative centig centekig
essive-formal centként centekként
essive-modal
inessive centben centekben
superessive centen centeken
adessive centnél centeknél
illative centbe centekbe
sublative centre centekre
allative centhez centekhez
elative centből centekből
delative centről centekről
ablative centtől centektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
centé centeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
centéi centekéi
Possessive forms of cent
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. centem centjeim
2nd person sing. cented centjeid
3rd person sing. centje centjei
1st person plural centünk centjeink
2nd person plural centetek centjeitek
3rd person plural centjük centjeik

Derived terms edit

Compound words

Further reading edit

  • cent in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Ido edit

Ido numbers (edit)
 ←  90  ←  99 100 1,000  → 
10
    Cardinal: cent
    Ordinal: centesma
    Adverbial: centfoye
    Multiplier: centopla
    Fractional: centima

Etymology 1 edit

Back-formation from cento.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

cent

  1. hundred (100)

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English centFrench centGerman CentItalian centRussian цент (cent)Spanish centavo.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cent (plural cents or cent-i)

  1. (numismatics) cent

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English cent.

Noun edit

cent m (invariable)

  1. cent (US coin)
  2. euro cent (European coin)

Lombard edit

Etymology edit

From cento.

Numeral edit

cent

  1. hundred

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin centum, from Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

cent

  1. hundred

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians[1], 2 edition, →ISBN, page 242.

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin centum.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /tsent/, (late) /sãnt/

Numeral edit

cardinal number
100 Previous: nonante et nuef
Next: cent et un

cent oblique singularm (oblique plural cenz or centz, nominative singular cenz or centz, nominative plural cent)

  1. one hundred

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: cent
    • French: cent (see there for further descendants)
  • Walloon: cint
  • Dutch: cent (see there for further descendants)
  • English: cent (see there for further descendants)

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin centum or English cent. Doublet of sto.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cent m animal

  1. cent

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • cent in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cent in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English cent.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

cȅnt m (Cyrillic spelling це̏нт)

  1. cent (hundredth of a dollar, euro, etc.)
  2. (music) cent (hundredth of a semitone)

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Noun edit

cent m (plural cents)

  1. cent (subunit of euro)
    Synonym: céntimo

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English cent.

Noun edit

cent c

  1. cent; a subunit of currency

Declension edit

Declension of cent 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative cent centen cent centen
Genitive cents centens cents centens

References edit