See also: Divan, díván, and diván

English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French, from Ottoman Turkish دیوان (divan),[1] from Iranian Persian دیوان (divân), from Classical Persian دیوان (dēwān), from Middle Persian d(p)ywʾn' (dēwān, archive, collected writings), from Sumerian 𒁾 (dub). Compare mattress, from Arabic (both of Middle Eastern origin, due to the local custom of lying on padding on floor being foreign to Europeans). Doublet of dewan, douane, and diwaniya.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈvæn/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɪˈvæn/, /ˈdaɪ.væn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Noun edit

divan (plural divans)

 
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  1. (now historical) A Muslim council of state, specifically that of viziers of the Ottoman Empire that discussed and recommended new laws and law changes to a higher authority (the sultan).
  2. The council chamber where this court is held; (by extension), any court of justice.
  3. (now rare) Any council or assembly.
    • 1751, [Tobias] Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle [], volumes (please specify |volume=I to IV), London: Harrison and Co., [], →OCLC:
      Startled at such an unaccountable event, they sat in close divan; and concluding that the case was in all respects unnatural and prodigious, desired that a messenger might be immediately dispatched for some male practitioner in the art of midwifery.
    • 1792, Thomas Holcroft, Anna St. Ives, vol. VII, letter 118:
      As I passed, I called at the mad-house; where I found Mac Fane and the scowling keeper in high divan.
  4. A couch- or sofa-like piece of furniture made of a mattress lying against the wall and on either the floor or an elevated structure.
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 20, in Friday's Business[1]:
      Eurydice pointed to the cupboard, and sat down on the low divan with folded hands, and looked at the floor.
  5. (dated) An establishment that serves cigars and coffee, and may offer other amenities such as books, newspapers, and chess.
    • 1838, Παιδἀγωγος, “Cigar divan”, in More Hints on Etiquette, 3rd edition, London: Charles Tilt, →OCLC, page 39:
      These are delightful places, and must be preferred to the cigar shops, if you can afford the extra for coffee, &c. Never sit in a divan, for as these establishments are in imitation of foreign customs, so you should imitate the manners of foreigners, and be as unlike an Englishman as you can; you should therefore lie at full-length on the couches, or "loll" about in some graceful attitude. Should your time be entirely your own, you may remain in the divan the whole day, provided you play at chess; and should you be passionately fond of smoking, you can have smoke at breakfast—smoke at luncheon—smoke at dinner—smoke at tea—smoke at supper
    • 1844, E. H. Malcolm, “London coffee-houses and their customers”, in Tegg's Magazine of Knowledge and Amusement, volume 1, →OCLC, page 67:
      The cigar divans of the metropolis are essentially coffee-rooms, but they are of a distingué character, are more expensive in their charges, and more studied, elegant, and luxurious in their appointments and conveniences. [] They are elegantly furnished and appointed, with sofas, or cushioned chairs, numerous handsome tables, and chess and draft-boards. The whole of the London newspapers, and many of the provincial ones, are taken in; as are all the magazines and other periodicals; together with sundry of the French, Italian, and colonial journals. The freedom of the room is obtained by the liquidation of less than a shilling, which includes coffee of the best description, and cigars.
    • 1855 January 5, Anthony Trollope, “A Long Day in London”, in The Warden, London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, →OCLC, pages 266–267:
      [H]e asked her if there were any place near where he could get a cup of coffee. Though she did keep a shell-fish supper-house, she was very civil, and directed him to the cigar divan on the other side of the street. Mr. Harding had not a much correcter notion of a cigar divan than he had of a London dinner-house, but he was desperately in want of rest, and went as he was directed.
  6. A collection of poems, especially one written by an author in Arabic or Persian.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ "divan." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2008.

Anagrams edit

Azerbaijani edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic диван
Abjad دیوان

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Persian دیوان (divân).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

divan (definite accusative divanı, plural divanlar)

  1. divan (council)

Declension edit

    Declension of divan
singular plural
nominative divan
divanlar
definite accusative divanı
divanları
dative divana
divanlara
locative divanda
divanlarda
ablative divandan
divanlardan
definite genitive divanın
divanların
    Possessive forms of divan
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) divanım divanlarım
sənin (your) divanın divanların
onun (his/her/its) divanı divanları
bizim (our) divanımız divanlarımız
sizin (your) divanınız divanlarınız
onların (their) divanı or divanları divanları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) divanımı divanlarımı
sənin (your) divanını divanlarını
onun (his/her/its) divanını divanlarını
bizim (our) divanımızı divanlarımızı
sizin (your) divanınızı divanlarınızı
onların (their) divanını or divanlarını divanlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) divanıma divanlarıma
sənin (your) divanına divanlarına
onun (his/her/its) divanına divanlarına
bizim (our) divanımıza divanlarımıza
sizin (your) divanınıza divanlarınıza
onların (their) divanına or divanlarına divanlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) divanımda divanlarımda
sənin (your) divanında divanlarında
onun (his/her/its) divanında divanlarında
bizim (our) divanımızda divanlarımızda
sizin (your) divanınızda divanlarınızda
onların (their) divanında or divanlarında divanlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) divanımdan divanlarımdan
sənin (your) divanından divanlarından
onun (his/her/its) divanından divanlarından
bizim (our) divanımızdan divanlarımızdan
sizin (your) divanınızdan divanlarınızdan
onların (their) divanından or divanlarından divanlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) divanımın divanlarımın
sənin (your) divanının divanlarının
onun (his/her/its) divanının divanlarının
bizim (our) divanımızın divanlarımızın
sizin (your) divanınızın divanlarınızın
onların (their) divanının or divanlarının divanlarının

Related terms edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان (dîvân).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

divan m (plural divans)

  1. (historical) divan (council, court)
  2. divan (low sofa)

Further reading edit

Crimean Tatar edit

Etymology edit

Probably from Ottoman Turkish دیوان (divan), from Persian دیوان (divân).

Noun edit

divan

  1. (furniture) sofa, couch, divan

Declension edit

References edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

divan m inan

  1. (furniture): divan

Declension edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • divan in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • divan in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • divan in Internetová jazyková příručka

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French divan, from Ottoman Turkish دیوان, from Persian دیوان.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdi.vɑn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

Noun edit

divan m (plural divans)

  1. A divan (piece of furniture).

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان (dîvân), from Persian دیوان (divân).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

divan m (plural divans)

  1. any type of undistinguished couch
  2. a divan in either of the original Turkish senses

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: divan
  • German: Diwan
  • Portuguese: divã

Further reading edit

Mauritian Creole edit

Etymology 1 edit

From French avant.

Alternative forms edit

Preposition edit

divan

  1. before
  2. ahead

Etymology 2 edit

From French vent.

Preposition edit

divan

  1. the wind

References edit

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان (dîvân), from Persian دیوان (divân).

Noun edit

divan n (plural divane)

  1. divan

Declension edit

See also edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *divьnъ.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dîːʋan/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

Adjective edit

dȋvan (Cyrillic spelling ди̑ван, definite dȋvnī, comparative divniji)

  1. wonderful
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان (dîvân), from Persian دیوان (divân).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dǐʋaːn/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

Noun edit

dìvān m (Cyrillic spelling дѝва̄н)

  1. divan (furniture)
  2. divan (council)
  3. divan (collection of poems)
  4. (historical) court, tribunal (in Ottoman period)
  5. (regional) conversation, word
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Swedish edit

Noun edit

divan c

  1. a divan (piece of furniture)

Declension edit

Declension of divan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative divan divanen divaner divanerna
Genitive divans divanens divaners divanernas

Noun edit

divan

  1. definite singular of diva

References edit

Turkish edit

Etymology edit

From Ottoman Turkish دیوان (dîvân), from Persian دیوان, from Middle Persian d(p)ywʾn' (dēwān, archive, collected writings).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

divan (definite accusative divanı, plural divanlar)

  1. divan (all senses)

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative divan
Definite accusative divanı
Singular Plural
Nominative divan divanlar
Definite accusative divanı divanları
Dative divana divanlara
Locative divanda divanlarda
Ablative divandan divanlardan
Genitive divanın divanların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanım divanlarım
2nd singular divanın divanların
3rd singular divanı divanları
1st plural divanımız divanlarımız
2nd plural divanınız divanlarınız
3rd plural divanları divanları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımı divanlarımı
2nd singular divanını divanlarını
3rd singular divanını divanlarını
1st plural divanımızı divanlarımızı
2nd plural divanınızı divanlarınızı
3rd plural divanlarını divanlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanıma divanlarıma
2nd singular divanına divanlarına
3rd singular divanına divanlarına
1st plural divanımıza divanlarımıza
2nd plural divanınıza divanlarınıza
3rd plural divanlarına divanlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımda divanlarımda
2nd singular divanında divanlarında
3rd singular divanında divanlarında
1st plural divanımızda divanlarımızda
2nd plural divanınızda divanlarınızda
3rd plural divanlarında divanlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımdan divanlarımdan
2nd singular divanından divanlarından
3rd singular divanından divanlarından
1st plural divanımızdan divanlarımızdan
2nd plural divanınızdan divanlarınızdan
3rd plural divanlarından divanlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular divanımın divanlarımın
2nd singular divanının divanlarının
3rd singular divanının divanlarının
1st plural divanımızın divanlarımızın
2nd plural divanınızın divanlarınızın
3rd plural divanlarının divanlarının

Derived terms edit