See also: díván and diván

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French, from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân),[1] from Persian دیوان(divân), from Middle Persian dywʾn' (dīwān, archive; collected writings), from Sumerian 𒁾 (dub). Compare mattress, from Arabic (both of Middle Eastern origin, due to the local custom of lying on padding on floor being foreign to Europeans). Doublet of dewan.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈvæn/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɪˈvæn/, /ˈdaɪ.væn/
  • (file)

NounEdit

divan (plural divans)

 
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  1. (now historical) A Muslim council of state, specifically that of viziers of the Ottoman Empire that discussed and recommended new laws and law changes to a higher authority (the sultan).
  2. The council chamber where this court is held; (by extension), any court of justice.
  3. (now rare) Any council or assembly.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, I.10:
      Startled at such an unaccountable event, they sat in close divan; and concluding that the case was in all respects unnatural and prodigious, desired that a messenger might be immediately dispatched for some male practitioner in the art of midwifery.
  4. A couch- or sofa-like piece of furniture made of a mattress lying against the wall and either on the floor or an elevated structure.
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 20, in Friday's Business[1]:
      Eurydice pointed to the cupboard, and sat down on the low divan with folded hands, and looked at the floor.
  5. A smoking-room.
  6. A collection of poems, especially one written by one author in Arabic or Persian.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "divan." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2008.

AnagramsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic диван
Roman divan
Perso-Arabic دیوان

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Persian دیوان(divân).

NounEdit

divan (definite accusative divanı, plural divanlar)

  1. divan (council)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

divan m

  1. (furniture): divan

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • divan in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • divan in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French divan, from Ottoman Turkish دیوان‎, from Persian دیوان‎.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdi.vɑn/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

NounEdit

divan m (plural divans)

  1. A divan (piece of furniture).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان(divân).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

divan m (plural divans)

  1. Any type of undistinguished couch.
  2. A divan in either of the original Turkish senses.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: divan
  • German: Diwan
  • Portuguese: divã

Further readingEdit


Mauritian CreoleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French avant

Alternative formsEdit

PrepositionEdit

divan

  1. before
  2. ahead

Etymology 2Edit

From French vent

PrepositionEdit

divan

  1. the wind

ReferencesEdit

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان(divân).

NounEdit

divan n (plural divane)

  1. divan

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *divьnъ

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dîːʋan/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

AdjectiveEdit

dȋvan (definite dȋvnī, comparative divniji, Cyrillic spelling ди̑ван)

  1. wonderful
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دیوان(dîvân), from Persian دیوان(divân).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dǐʋaːn/
  • Hyphenation: di‧van

NounEdit

dìvān m (Cyrillic spelling дѝва̄н)

  1. divan (furniture)
  2. divan (council)
  3. divan (collection of poems)
  4. (historical) court, tribunal (in Ottoman period)
  5. (regional) conversation, word
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit