See also: Ale, alé, alè, alẽ, åle, āle, Alę, alẹ, Alẹ, and -ale

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

ale

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Aleut.

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
a pint of ale (1)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English ale, from Old English ealu, ealo, from Proto-West Germanic *alu, from Proto-Germanic *alu (compare Dutch aal, Swedish öl), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut- (beer), or *h₂elu- (bitter). Compare Russian ол (ol), Lithuanian alùs, Armenian օղի (ōġi); compare also Latin alum (comfrey), alūta (tawed leather), Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter).

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /eɪl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Noun edit

ale (countable and uncountable, plural ales)

  1. (dated) A beer made without hops.
  2. A beer produced by so-called warm fermentation and not pressurized.
  3. A festival in English country places, so called from the liquor drunk.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Dutch: ale
  • Finnish: ale
  • French: ale

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Afar edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /aˈle/, [ʔʌˈlɛ]
  • Hyphenation: a‧le

Interjection edit

alé

  1. signifies surprise; wow!

References edit

  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[3], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Ambonese Malay edit

Pronoun edit

ale

  1. thou

Bambara edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ale

  1. him

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale

  1. grain

Declension edit

Buol edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qazay.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale

  1. chin

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech ale, from Proto-Slavic *ale.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but
    Synonym: avšak

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • ale in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ale in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • ale in Internetová jazyková příručka

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English ale.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale m or n (uncountable)

  1. ale

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *halmëh. Cognate to Finnish halme and Livvi halmeh. From either Proto-Germanic *halmaz or a Baltic language, compare Lithuanian salms and Latvian želmuo.

Noun edit

ale (genitive ale, partitive alet)

  1. slash-and-burn (the technique)
  2. the forest cut down to create new land in slash-and-burn
  3. the land created through slash-and-burn

Declension edit

Declension of ale (ÕS type 16/pere, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative ale aled
accusative nom.
gen. ale
genitive alede
partitive alet alesid
illative alle
alesse
aledesse
inessive ales aledes
elative alest aledest
allative alele aledele
adessive alel aledel
ablative alelt aledelt
translative aleks aledeks
terminative aleni aledeni
essive alena aledena
abessive aleta aledeta
comitative alega aledega

Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Clipping of alennusmyynti (sale). Coined by Aarni Penttilä.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑle/, [ˈɑ̝le̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɑle
  • Syllabification(key): a‧le

Noun edit

ale (informal)

  1. sale (selling of goods at bargain prices)
Declension edit
Inflection of ale (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative ale alet
genitive alen alejen
partitive alea aleja
illative aleen aleihin
singular plural
nominative ale alet
accusative nom. ale alet
gen. alen
genitive alen alejen
aleinrare
partitive alea aleja
inessive alessa aleissa
elative alesta aleista
illative aleen aleihin
adessive alella aleilla
ablative alelta aleilta
allative alelle aleille
essive alena aleina
translative aleksi aleiksi
abessive aletta aleitta
instructive alein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of ale (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative aleni aleni
accusative nom. aleni aleni
gen. aleni
genitive aleni alejeni
aleinirare
partitive aleani alejani
inessive alessani aleissani
elative alestani aleistani
illative aleeni aleihini
adessive alellani aleillani
ablative aleltani aleiltani
allative alelleni aleilleni
essive alenani aleinani
translative alekseni aleikseni
abessive alettani aleittani
instructive
comitative aleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative alesi alesi
accusative nom. alesi alesi
gen. alesi
genitive alesi alejesi
aleisirare
partitive aleasi alejasi
inessive alessasi aleissasi
elative alestasi aleistasi
illative aleesi aleihisi
adessive alellasi aleillasi
ablative aleltasi aleiltasi
allative alellesi aleillesi
essive alenasi aleinasi
translative aleksesi aleiksesi
abessive alettasi aleittasi
instructive
comitative aleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alemme alemme
accusative nom. alemme alemme
gen. alemme
genitive alemme alejemme
aleimmerare
partitive aleamme alejamme
inessive alessamme aleissamme
elative alestamme aleistamme
illative aleemme aleihimme
adessive alellamme aleillamme
ablative aleltamme aleiltamme
allative alellemme aleillemme
essive alenamme aleinamme
translative aleksemme aleiksemme
abessive alettamme aleittamme
instructive
comitative aleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alenne alenne
accusative nom. alenne alenne
gen. alenne
genitive alenne alejenne
aleinnerare
partitive aleanne alejanne
inessive alessanne aleissanne
elative alestanne aleistanne
illative aleenne aleihinne
adessive alellanne aleillanne
ablative aleltanne aleiltanne
allative alellenne aleillenne
essive alenanne aleinanne
translative aleksenne aleiksenne
abessive alettanne aleittanne
instructive
comitative aleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative alensa alensa
accusative nom. alensa alensa
gen. alensa
genitive alensa alejensa
aleinsarare
partitive aleaan
aleansa
alejaan
alejansa
inessive alessaan
alessansa
aleissaan
aleissansa
elative alestaan
alestansa
aleistaan
aleistansa
illative aleensa aleihinsa
adessive alellaan
alellansa
aleillaan
aleillansa
ablative aleltaan
aleltansa
aleiltaan
aleiltansa
allative alelleen
alellensa
aleilleen
aleillensa
essive alenaan
alenansa
aleinaan
aleinansa
translative alekseen
aleksensa
aleikseen
aleiksensa
abessive alettaan
alettansa
aleittaan
aleittansa
instructive
comitative aleineen
aleinensa
Derived terms edit
compounds
Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

From English ale.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯l/, [ˈe̞i̯l]
  • Rhymes: -eil
  • Syllabification(key): ale

Noun edit

ale

  1. ale (type of beer)
Declension edit
Inflection of ale (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative ale alet
genitive alen alejen
partitive alea aleja
illative aleen aleihin
singular plural
nominative ale alet
accusative nom. ale alet
gen. alen
genitive alen alejen
aleinrare
partitive alea aleja
inessive alessa aleissa
elative alesta aleista
illative aleen aleihin
adessive alella aleilla
ablative alelta aleilta
allative alelle aleille
essive alena aleina
translative aleksi aleiksi
abessive aletta aleitta
instructive alein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of ale (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative aleni aleni
accusative nom. aleni aleni
gen. aleni
genitive aleni alejeni
aleinirare
partitive aleani alejani
inessive alessani aleissani
elative alestani aleistani
illative aleeni aleihini
adessive alellani aleillani
ablative aleltani aleiltani
allative alelleni aleilleni
essive alenani aleinani
translative alekseni aleikseni
abessive alettani aleittani
instructive
comitative aleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative alesi alesi
accusative nom. alesi alesi
gen. alesi
genitive alesi alejesi
aleisirare
partitive aleasi alejasi
inessive alessasi aleissasi
elative alestasi aleistasi
illative aleesi aleihisi
adessive alellasi aleillasi
ablative aleltasi aleiltasi
allative alellesi aleillesi
essive alenasi aleinasi
translative aleksesi aleiksesi
abessive alettasi aleittasi
instructive
comitative aleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alemme alemme
accusative nom. alemme alemme
gen. alemme
genitive alemme alejemme
aleimmerare
partitive aleamme alejamme
inessive alessamme aleissamme
elative alestamme aleistamme
illative aleemme aleihimme
adessive alellamme aleillamme
ablative aleltamme aleiltamme
allative alellemme aleillemme
essive alenamme aleinamme
translative aleksemme aleiksemme
abessive alettamme aleittamme
instructive
comitative aleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alenne alenne
accusative nom. alenne alenne
gen. alenne
genitive alenne alejenne
aleinnerare
partitive aleanne alejanne
inessive alessanne aleissanne
elative alestanne aleistanne
illative aleenne aleihinne
adessive alellanne aleillanne
ablative aleltanne aleiltanne
allative alellenne aleillenne
essive alenanne aleinanne
translative aleksenne aleiksenne
abessive alettanne aleittanne
instructive
comitative aleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative alensa alensa
accusative nom. alensa alensa
gen. alensa
genitive alensa alejensa
aleinsarare
partitive aleaan
aleansa
alejaan
alejansa
inessive alessaan
alessansa
aleissaan
aleissansa
elative alestaan
alestansa
aleistaan
aleistansa
illative aleensa aleihinsa
adessive alellaan
alellansa
aleillaan
aleillansa
ablative aleltaan
aleltansa
aleiltaan
aleiltansa
allative alelleen
alellensa
aleilleen
aleillensa
essive alenaan
alenansa
aleinaan
aleinansa
translative alekseen
aleksensa
aleikseen
aleiksensa
abessive alettaan
alettansa
aleittaan
aleittansa
instructive
comitative aleineen
aleinensa

In speech, type 5 (risti) is normally used, giving for instance nominative singular eil, genitive eilin, partitive eiliä, nominative plural eilit and genitive plural eilien.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From English ale.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale f (plural ales)

  1. ale
    • 1884, Joris-Karl Huysmans, chapter XI, in À rebours [Against the Grain]:
      [] il mangea un rosbif aux pommes et s’enfourna deux pintes d’ale, excité par ce petit goût de vacherie musquée que dégage cette fine et pâle bière.
      He ate roast beef with apples and put away two pints of ale, excited by the little taste of musky trickery given off by this fine, pale beer.

Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin āla.

Noun edit

ale f (plural alis)

  1. wing

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French aller (go).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ale

  1. to go
    Synonym: al

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.le/
  • Rhymes: -ale
  • Hyphenation: à‧le

Noun edit

ale f

  1. (poetic) plural of ala; wings.

See also edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ale.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈalʲɛ/
  • Syllabification: a‧le

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but

Noun edit

ale n (indeclinable)

  1. (colloquial) but

Particle edit

ale

  1. used at the beginning of a sentence; similar in meaning to the English "hey, not so fast", especially when used multiple times

Further reading edit

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893) “ale”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego[6] (in Kashubian), page 2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “ale”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[7], volume 1, page 19
  • ale”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Latin edit

Verb edit

ale

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of alō

Lower Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *ale.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but

Further reading edit

  • Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928) “ale”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • Starosta, Manfred (1999) “ale”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag

Lule Sami edit

Verb edit

ale

  1. second-person singular imperative of ij

Masurian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ale.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈalɛ]
  • Syllabification: a‧le

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. (contrastive) but
  2. (surprise) and yet, after all
  3. introduces new information; and, but also

Particle edit

ale

  1. begins a sentence but
  2. emphatic particle

Interjection edit

ale

  1. expresses surprise or objection

Further reading edit

  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021) “ale”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur[8], volume 1, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, pages 119-120

Mauritian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French aller.

Verb edit

ale (medial form al)

  1. To go

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology edit

from Old Dutch *alo, from Proto-West Germanic *alu.

Noun edit

āle n

  1. ale

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English ealu, from Proto-West Germanic *alu, from Proto-Germanic *alu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut-.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale (plural ales)

  1. ale (beverage)

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Northern Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈale/

Verb edit

ale

  1. second-person singular imperative of ii

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Verb edit

ale (present tense el or aler, past tense ol or alte, supine ale or alt, past participle alen or alt, present participle alande, imperative al)

  1. Alternative form of ala

Anagrams edit

Old Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

  • aľe (alternative writing)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ale.

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

ale

  1. Used to express disapproval or wish to change the subject.
  2. Used to introduce a follow-up.
  3. Used to present contradictory content; but
  4. Used when the speaker wishes the listener addresses the previous statement.
  5. Expresses the speaker's disbelief.
  6. of course
  7. namely

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but
  2. then, in that case
  3. not until
  4. unless
  5. except
  6. nevertheless
  7. whereas

Interjection edit

ale

  1. used at the beginning of a sentence; similar in meaning to the English "hey, not so fast", especially when used multiple times
  2. The meaning of this term is uncertain. Possibilities include:
    1. expresses a warning.

Descendants edit

References edit

Old Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ale. By surface analysis, univerbation of a +‎ le. First attested in 1398.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /alʲɛ/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /alʲɛ/

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but
    Synonym: lecz

Derived terms edit

conjunction
conjunction/particle

Related terms edit

conjunctions

Particle edit

ale

  1. at least

Descendants edit

References edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Polish ale. By surface analysis, univerbation of a +‎ le. For the particle use, compare Hungarian de.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but (contrastive conjunction)
    Synonyms: chociaż, jednak, lecz, niemniej, tylko, mimo że
    Grałem dobrze, ale przegrałem.I played well, but I lost.
  2. (with nie tylko) not only … but also
    Synonym: nie tylko … lecz …
    Jesteś nie tylko głupi, ale też naiwny!You're not only stupid, but also naive!

Particle edit

ale

  1. (colloquial) used at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis
    Synonyms: ależ, ale to
    Ale masz piękną sukienkę!You have such a beautiful dress!
    Ale ta zupa jest dobra!This soup is so good!
  2. used at the beginning of a sentence; similar in meaning to the English "hey, not so fast", especially when used multiple times
    Ale, ale! Jeszcze z tobą nie skończyłem!Hey, not so fast! I'm not quite done with you yet!
  3. (with bo) may very well, but, even though, despite
    Stary, bo stary, ale mocny.He very well may be old, but he's still strong.
    Trudno bo trudno, ale robi się łatwiej.It may very well be hard, but it's getting easier.
Derived terms edit
particles

Noun edit

ale n (indeclinable)

  1. (colloquial) but
    żadnych ale!No buts!

Etymology 2 edit

Unadapted borrowing from English ale. First attested in the 19th century.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale n or m inan (indeclinable)

  1. ale (beer produced by warm fermentation)
    Hypernym: piwo
    angielskie aleEnglish ale

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), ale is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 187 times in scientific texts, 66 times in news, 330 times in essays, 552 times in fiction, and 828 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 1963 times, making it the 20th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[2]

References edit

  1. ^ Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “ale”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[1]
  2. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “ale”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[2] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 5

Further reading edit

  • ale I in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ale II in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ale III in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ale in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “ale”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • ALE”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 2022 June 8
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “ale”, in Słownik języka polskiego[9]
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “ale”, in Słownik języka polskiego[10] (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 22

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

ale

  1. inflection of alar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

ale

  1. of (feminine/neuter plural possessive article)
    sunt ale mele aici?are mine here?

See also edit

  • al (masculine/neuter singular)
  • a (feminine singular)
  • ai (masculine plural)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ali, *ale.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /âle/
  • Hyphenation: a‧le

Conjunction edit

ȁle (Cyrillic spelling а̏ле)

  1. (Kajkavian) but
  2. (Kajkavian) however

Synonyms edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish ale.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈalɛ/
  • Rhymes: -alɛ
  • Syllabification: a‧le

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but
    Synonyms: atoli, jednak, lecz, za to

Alternative forms edit

Particle edit

ale

  1. used at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis

Interjection edit

ale

  1. expresses contradiction

Further reading edit

  • ale in silling.org

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English ale.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale f (plural ales)

  1. ale (intoxicating liquor)

Usage notes edit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading edit

Tagalog edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Unknown. Possibly from Sanskrit आली (ālī, female friend).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎᜒ)

  1. (colloquial) term of address for a woman
  2. aunt
    Synonyms: tita, tiya, tiyang, tiyahin, inain, (slang) tsang
  3. stepmother
    Synonyms: inang-panguman, inain, madrastra, tiya, tiyang, tiyahin

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  • ale”, in Pinoy Dictionary, 2010–2024

Tarantino edit

Noun edit

ale

  1. wing (of a bird etc)

Ternate edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

ale

  1. (transitive) to coil

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of ale
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toale foale miale
2nd noale niale
3rd Masculine oale iale, yoale
Feminine moale
Neuter iale
- archaic

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Upper Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *ale.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈalɛ/
  • Rhymes: -alɛ
  • Hyphenation: ale
  • Syllabification: a‧le

Conjunction edit

ale

  1. but
    Synonym: tola
  2. (coordinating, with a negative in the preceding clause) rather, but (instead)

Further reading edit

  • ale” in Soblex

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ale

  1. bait

References edit

  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary[11], Pacific linguistics

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

àlè

  1. concubine, side chick
    Synonym: wáhàrì
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

àlè

  1. (Ondo) in-law
    Synonym: àna