establishment

See also: Establishment

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English *establishment, stablishment, stablisshement, from Old French establissement (Modern French établissement), from the verb establir. Equivalent to establish +‎ -ment.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: estab‧lish‧ment

NounEdit

establishment (countable and uncountable, plural establishments)

  1. The act of establishing; a ratifying or ordaining; settlement; confirmation.
    Since their establishment of the company in 1984, they have grown into a global business.
  2. The state of being established, founded, etc.; fixed state.
    The firm celebrated twenty years since their establishment by updating their look.
  3. That which is established; as a form of government, a permanent organization, business or force, or the place where one is permanently fixed for residence.
    Pedro's is a fine establishment serving a variety of delicious food.
    Exposing the shabby parts of the establishment.
  4. (usually with "the") The ruling class or authority group in a society; especially, an entrenched authority dedicated to preserving the status quo. Also Establishment.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21:
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic who still resists the idea that something drastic needs to happen for him to turn his life around. Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. When a series of bank failures made this impossible, there was widespread anger, leading to the public humiliation of symbolic figures.
    It's often necessary to question the establishment to get things done.
  5. The number of staff required to run a department or organisation (often used in the context of healthcare and other public services).
    The cancer department has an establishment of 10 doctors and 30 nurses.

SynonymsEdit

  • (act of establishing):, (that which is established): foundation

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Polish: establishment

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English establishment.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

establishment m (plural establishments)

  1. establishment

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English establishment.

NounEdit

establishment

  1. (sometimes derogatory, usually uncountable) (the) establishment (entrenched power systems)
    • 2017, Jens-Martin Eriksen, Frederik Stjernfelt, Adskillelsens politik, Lindhardt og Ringhof →ISBN
      Forestillingen om klasse frem for religion er også farlig for establishmentet her i landet, den ville kunne få hele det politiske system til at bryde sammen, hvis de fattige malajer, muslimerne, ville indse, at de har mere til fælles med de fattige kinesere og de fattige indere, end de har med de velhavende muslimer.
      The view of class rather than religion is also dangerous to the establishment in this country, it would be able to make the entire political system collapse, if the poor Malays, the Muslims, were to realize that they have more in common with the poor Chinese and poor Indians, than they do with the wealthy Muslims.
    • 2015, Jan Guillou, Den demokratiske terrorist, Modtryk →ISBN
      Marxistleninisterne eksisterede næsten ikke mere, de fleste gamle kammerater var blevet en del af establishmentet, og den antiimperialistiske bevægelse var stort set gået i sig selv igen.
      The Marxist-Leninists practically didn't exist anymore, most of the old comrades had become a part of the establishment, and the anti-imperialist movement had practically receded into itself once more.

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English establishment.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛsˈtɛ.blɪʃ.mənt/, /ɛsˈtɛ.blɪs.mənt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: es‧ta‧blish‧ment

NounEdit

establishment n (plural establishments, diminutive establishmentje n)

  1. establishment, elite (ruling authority or class)

Related termsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English establishment.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈestɑblismentːi/, [ˈe̞s̠t̪ɑbˌlis̠me̞n̪t̪ːi]

NounEdit

establishment

  1. (informal) establishment (ruling class)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of establishment (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative establishment establishmentit
genitive establishmentin establishmentien
partitive establishmentiä establishmentejä
illative establishmentiin establishmenteihin
singular plural
nominative establishment establishmentit
accusative nom. establishment establishmentit
gen. establishmentin
genitive establishmentin establishmentien
partitive establishmentiä establishmentejä
inessive establishmentissä establishmenteissä
elative establishmentistä establishmenteistä
illative establishmentiin establishmenteihin
adessive establishmentillä establishmenteillä
ablative establishmentiltä establishmenteiltä
allative establishmentille establishmenteille
essive establishmentinä establishmenteinä
translative establishmentiksi establishmenteiksi
instructive establishmentein
abessive establishmentittä establishmenteittä
comitative establishmenteineen
Possessive forms of establishment (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person establishmentini establishmentimme
2nd person establishmentisi establishmentinne
3rd person establishmentinsä

SynonymsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English establishment

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛs.ta.bliʃ.mɑ̃/

Proper nounEdit

establishment m

  1. establishment (ruling authority)

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English establishment.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): //ɛs.tabˈlʲiʂ.mɛnt// invalid IPA characters (//)
  • (file)

NounEdit

establishment m inan

  1. (derogatory, politics) the establishment (the ruling class or authority group)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English establishment.

Proper nounEdit

establishment m

  1. establishment (ruling authority)

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English establishment. Doublet of establecimiento.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /establiʃeˈment/, [es.t̪a.β̞li.ʃeˈmẽn̪t̪]

Proper nounEdit

establishment m

  1. establishment (ruling authority)

Usage notesEdit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further readingEdit