football

See also: Football, foot-ball, and foot ball

EnglishEdit

 
A football used for association football
 
A football used for American football
 
A rugby union football

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English footbal, foteball, equivalent to foot +‎ ball, which may refer to the act of kicking a ball with the feet. The name for the briefcase is a play on “dropkick”, the code name of an early version of the nuclear war plan.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

football (countable and uncountable, plural footballs)

  1. (general) A sport played on foot in which teams attempt to get a ball into a goal or zone defended by the other team.
    Roman and medieval football matches were more violent than any modern type of football.
  2. (Britain, uncountable) Association football: a game in which two teams each contend to get a round ball into the other team's goal primarily by kicking the ball. Known as soccer in Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:football
    Each team scored three goals when they played football.
  3. (US, uncountable) American football: a game played on a field of 100 yards long and 53 1/3 yards wide in which two teams of 11 players attempt to get an ovoid ball to the end of each other's territory.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:football
    Each team scored two touchdowns when they played football.
  4. (Canada, uncountable) Canadian football: a game played on a played on a field of 110 yards long and 65 yards wide in which two teams of 12 players attempt to get an ovoid ball to the end of each other's territory.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:football
    They played football in the snow.
  5. (Australia, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, Northern Territory, uncountable) Australian rules football.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:football
  6. (Ireland, uncountable) Gaelic football: a field game played with similar rules to hurling, but using hands and feet rather than a stick, and a ball, similar to, yet smaller than a soccer ball.
  7. (Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, uncountable) rugby league.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:football
  8. (Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, uncountable) rugby union.
  9. (countable) The ball used in any game called "football".
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:football
    The player kicked the football.
  10. (uncountable) Practice of these particular games, or techniques used in them.
  11. (figuratively, countable) An item of discussion, particularly in a back-and-forth manner
    That budget item became a political football.
  12. (US military slang, countable) The leather briefcase containing classified nuclear war plans which is always near the US President.
    Synonyms: nuclear football, atomic football, black box, black bag
    Coordinate term: Cheget
    • 1994, Herbert L. Abrams, The President Has Been Shot: Confusion, Disability, and the 25th Amendment, Stanford University Press (→ISBN), page 126:
      The aide rides, along with the president's physician, in the “control car,” third in line in the motorcade. He is responsible for the football (or “black box” or “black bag”), a briefcase containing the codes and targeting information the president would require to order or authorize a nuclear attack.

HyponymsEdit

Terms derived from "football"

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: フットボール (futtobōru)
  • Korean: 풋볼 (putbol)
  • Russian: футбо́л (futból) (see there for further descendants)
  • Spanish: fútbol
  • Portuguese: futebol

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Associated Press (2005-05-05), “Military aides still carry the president's nuclear 'football'”, in USA Today[1], archived from the original on 2015-02-26: “It got its nickname because an early version of the nuclear war plan — the SIOP, or Single Integrated Operational Plan — was code-named "dropkick."”

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from English football.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

football m (plural footballs)

  1. association football, soccer
  2. (Canada) Canadian football
  3. (Louisiana) American football

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit


InterlinguaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English.

NounEdit

football (uncountable)

  1. football (soccer)

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

football

  1. Alternative form of foteball

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

football m (uncountable)

  1. Dated spelling of futebol.