See also: Hence

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

A later Middle English spelling, retaining the voiceless -s, of hennes (henne + adverbial genitive ending -s), from Old English heonan (away", "hence), from a Proto-West Germanic *hin-.

Cognate with Old Saxon hinan, Old High German hinnan (German hinnen), Dutch heen, Swedish hän. Related to Old English her (here).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛns/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛns

AdverbEdit

hence (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) from here, from this place, away
    I'm going hence, because you have insulted me.
    Get thee hence, Satan!
    • 1599-1601, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Act 4, Scene 1:
      O Gertrude, come away! / The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch, / But we will ship him hence:
    • 1849, Arthur Hugh Clough, Easter Day (Naples, 1849):
      Ye men of Galilee! / Why stand ye looking up to heaven, where Him ye ne’er may see, / Neither ascending hence, nor returning hither again?
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[1]:
      `Now leave me,' she said, `and sleep if ye may. I must watch and think, for to-morrow night we go hence, and the time is long since I trod the path that we must follow.'
  2. (archaic, figuratively) from the living or from this world
    After a long battle, my poor daughter was taken hence.
  3. (archaic, of a length of time) in the future from now
    A year hence it will be forgotten.
  4. (conjunctive) as a result; therefore, for this reason
    I shall go to Japan and hence will not be here in time for the party.
    The purse is handmade and hence very expensive.
    • 1910, Sun Tzu, Lionel Giles (translator), The Art of War, Section VI: Weak Points and Strong, 8:
      Hence that general is skillful in attack whose opponent does not know what to defend; and he is skillful in defense whose opponent does not know what to attack.
    • 1910, [1513], Niccolò Machiavelli, Ninian Hill Thomson (translator), The Prince, Chapter VI:
      Hence it comes that all armed Prophets have been victorious, and all unarmed Prophets have been destroyed.
    • 1731 May 27, Benjamin Franklin, Apology for Printers, published in The Pennsylvania Gazette:
      That hence arises the peculiar Unhappiness of that Business, which other Callings are no way liable to;

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TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

InterjectionEdit

hence

  1. (obsolete) Go away! Begone!
    "...Hence! and bestow your dead
    Where no wrong against him cries!"

AnagramsEdit