English edit

 
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Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin lacūna (a ditch, pit; a hollow, cavity; a gap, defect). Doublet of lacune and lagoon.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ləˈk(j)uː.nə/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːnə

Noun edit

lacuna (plural lacunae or (obsolete) lacunæ or lacunas)

  1. (particularly anatomy) A small opening; a small pit or depression, especially in bone.
    Coordinate term: fovea
    1. (microscopy) A space visible between cells, allowing free passage of light.
  2. A small blank space; a gap or vacancy; a hiatus.
    1. An absent part, especially in a book or other piece of writing, often referring to an ancient manuscript or similar.
      Long lacunae in this inscription make interpretation difficult.
    2. (figurative) Any gap, break, hole, or lack in a set of things; something missing.
      • 2008 March 23, Elizabeth Day, “The great French love affair with la vie anglaise”, in The Observer[1], →ISSN:
        For Beatrice Nutter, there will always be conspicuous lacunae in our mutual understanding, but after almost 30 years here, the anomalies now delight rather than confound her.
      • 2019, Li Huang, James Lambert, “Another Arrow for the Quiver: A New Methodology for Multilingual Researchers”, in Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, volume 41, number 7, →DOI, page 577:
        If the researcher cannot adequately hear a specific conversation due to its low volume or other acoustic interference, then this data point can be passed over with the understanding that such lacunae will be randomly distributed over the data collecting period.
    3. (linguistics, translation studies) A language gap, which occurs when there is no direct translation in the target language for a lexical term found in the source language.
      Synonym: anisomorphism
      Hyponyms: accidental gap, lexical gap

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin lacūna. Compare the inherited doublet laguna.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /laˈku.na/
  • Rhymes: -una
  • Hyphenation: la‧cù‧na

Noun edit

lacuna f (plural lacune)

  1. gap
  2. blank (space)
  3. lapse (of memory)

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • lacuna in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From lacus (a lake, pond; a basin, tank, cistern).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lacūna f (genitive lacūnae); first declension

  1. (literal, chiefly poetic) a hole, pit, ditch; (especially) a pool, pond
    • 70 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 1.117:
       [], unde cavae tepido sudant umore lacunae.
    1. (generally) an opening, cavity, hollow, cleft, chasm
  2. (figurative, rare, Classical Latin) a gap, void, defect, want, loss

Inflection edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lacūna lacūnae
Genitive lacūnae lacūnārum
Dative lacūnae lacūnīs
Accusative lacūnam lacūnās
Ablative lacūnā lacūnīs
Vocative lacūna lacūnae

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • lacuna”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lacuna”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lacuna in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lacuna in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • lacuna”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lacuna in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin lacūna.[1][2] Compare the inherited lagoa and laguna.

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: la‧cu‧na

Noun edit

lacuna f (plural lacunas)

  1. hiatus (gap in a series)
    Synonym: hiato
  2. blank (space to be filled in)

Related terms edit

References edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lacuna f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of lacună