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See also: Lui, luí, luì, -lui, and lu'i

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AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille). Compare Romanian lui.

PronounEdit

lui m (genitive form of el, feminine equivalent ljei, plural lor)

  1. his

PronounEdit

lui m ((long/stressed) dative form of el, feminine equivalent ljei, plural lor)

  1. to him

Usage notesEdit

It is always preceded by 'a'- "a lui".

Related termsEdit

  • ljei (feminine equivalent)
  • el/elu (masculine singular nominative and masculine singular accusative- long/stressed form)
  • ãlj/ilj/lji (masculine/feminine singular dative- short/unstressed form)
  • ãl (masculine singular accusative- short/unstressed form)
  • (a) lor (masculine/feminine plural genitive and masculine/feminine plural dative- long/stressed form)

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch loy, further etymology unsure. May be cognate with the Old Norse adjective lúinn (exhausted).

AdjectiveEdit

lui (comparative luier, superlative luist)

  1. lazy
InflectionEdit
Inflection of lui
uninflected lui
inflected luie
comparative luier
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial lui luier het luist
het luiste
indefinite m./f. sing. luie luiere luiste
n. sing. lui luier luiste
plural luie luiere luiste
definite luie luiere luiste
partitive luis luiers
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Short form of luiden, a variant of lieden.[1]

NounEdit

lui pl (plurale tantum, diminutive luitjes n)

  1. Alternative form of lieden
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ de Vries / de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Utrecht 1986 (14de druk), ISBN 90-274-3459-X; article lieden

AnagramsEdit


EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French louer.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

lui (present luas, past luis, future luos, conditional luus, volitive luu)

  1. (transitive) to rent (something from someone)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a Vulgar Latin form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille). The -ui ending in Vulgar Latin illui is due to the influence of cui.[1]

Cognate with Italian lui.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

lui

  1. him, he; the third-person masculine singular personal pronoun used after a preposition, or as the predicate of a linking verb, or when disjoined from a sentence, or as a stressed subject.
    J'habitais avec lui.
    I was living with him.
    C'est lui qui a dit cela.
    It's he who said that.
    Lui, il n'en sait rien.
    He doesn't know anything about it.
    • 1873, Alphonse Daudet, Contes du Lundi, La Dernière Classe:
      Je crois aussi que je n'avais jamais si bien écouté, et que lui non plus n'avait jamais mis autant de patience à ses explications.
      I believe also that I had never listened so well, and that neither had he ever put so much patience into his explanations.
  2. Him, her; the third-person singular personal pronoun used as an indirect object.
    Je lui ai donné le livre.
    I gave the book to him/her.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), chapter IL, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Etymology 2Edit

see the verb luire

VerbEdit

lui (intransitive, hence invariable)

  1. past participle of luire

Further readingEdit


FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a Vulgar Latin form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille).

PronounEdit

lui

  1. he
  2. you (formal)

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a Vulgar Latin form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille). The ūi in illūi is modelled under influence of Vulgar Latin cūi (see Classical Latin cui).[1]

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

lui (plural loro, feminine lei)

  1. he
  2. him (indirect form of lui used after a preposition)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, page 130

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

luī

  1. first-person singular perfect active indicative of luō

ReferencesEdit

  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “lui”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *illūi, which is a form of Latin illī (dative singular of ille).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

lui m (genitive form of el, feminine equivalent ei, plural lor)

  1. his
    Au ceasul lui?
    Do they have his watch?

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

PronounEdit

lui m (stressed dative form of el, feminine equivalent ei, plural lor)

  1. (indirect object, third-person singular) to him

SynonymsEdit

  • îi (unstressed form)

Related termsEdit