Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *plikas, from Proto-Indo-European *plēy-, *plī- (with an extra suffix *-ko), from *pel-, *pʰel, *spʰel-(to cleave, to split off, to cast off) (whence also plēst(to rend, to tear)). Originally, pliks meant “that from which hair, feathers, skin etc. have been removed” (compare plika vista with vista(hen)), then “without fur, without hair” (compare plika galva “bald head”), then finally “naked, nude.” Cognates include Lithuanian plìkas.[1]

AdjectiveEdit

pliks (def. plikais, comp. plikāks, sup. visplikākais; adv. pliki)

  1. naked, nude (not having clothes, or shoes)
    pliks bērns‎ ― naked child
    plikām kājām‎ ― (with) bare feet, barefoot
  2. bald (not having hair)
    pliks galvvidus‎ ― bald crown (of head)
    pliks pakausis‎ ― bald head
  3. (about trees, bushes, plants) without leaves, without further growth (branches, twigs, bark)
    plika rīkste‎ ― naked rod, stick
    pliki zari‎ ― naked branches
    pliks stumbrs‎ ― naked trunk
  4. without plants, without plant life, vegetation; without trees or plants nearby
    lopus pārdzina saimnieka plikajās ganībās‎ ― he drove the cattle to the farmer's naked pastures
  5. (about winter) without, or with little, snow
    plika ziema‎ ― naked (i.e., snowless) winter
  6. (about rooms, spaces) naked (without or with little furniture; without comfort)
    plika, kaila grīda‎ ― naked floor (with no cover)
  7. (about places, areas) undeveloped
    pliks laukums‎ ― naked ground
    plika vieta‎ ― naked place
  8. (about people) poor
    pliks mazsaimnieks‎ ― naked (= poor) peasant
    pliks kā baznīcas žurka‎ ― naked (= poor) as a church rat
  9. bare (by itself, without anything in addition)
    kur lai pliku dzīvību liekot, ja neesot darba un maizes?‎ ― where should we put our bare life, if there is no work and bread?
    bet kas liek sēdēt uz plikas algas?‎ ― but what makes us sit (= live on) bare wages?
  10. (food, beverages) without side dishess, without sauce, bare
    plikas putras‎ ― bare porridge
    kam es tās pankūkas cepu? rīt pat likšu galdā pliku maizes kukuli un sviestu‎ ― who am I baking these pancakes for? tomorrow I will put (only) bare bread and butter on the table
  11. bare (without justification or evidence; inconclusive)
    bieži vien es nezinu nenieka, bet izlāpos ar pliku nojautu‎ ― often I know nothing, I only play with bare presentiment
  12. bare, naked (without explanation, without illustrative material, without artistic style)
    plikas frāzes‎ ― bare sentences

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

InterjectionEdit

pliks

  1. used to represent the sound of liquid drops hitting an object or surface

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “pliks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7