From Proto-Baltic *plikas, from Proto-Indo-European *plēy-, *plī- (with an extra suffix *-ko), from *pel-, *pʰel, *spʰel- ‎(to cleave, to split off, to cast off) (whence also plēst ‎(to rend, to tear)). Originally, pliks meant “that from which hair, feathers, skin etc. have been removed” (compare plika vista with vista ‎(hen)), then “without fur, without hair” (compare plika galva “bald head”), then finally “naked, nude.” Cognates include Lithuanian plìkas.[1]


pliks (def. plikais, comp. plikāks, sup. visplikākais; adv. pliki)

  1. naked, nude (not having clothes, or shoes)
    pliks bērns‎ ― naked child
    plikām kājām‎ ― (with) bare feet, barefoot
  2. bald (not having hair)
    pliks galvvidus‎ ― bald crown (of head)
    pliks pakausis‎ ― bald head
  3. (about trees, bushes, plants) without leaves, without further growth (branches, twigs, bark)
    plika rīkste‎ ― naked rod, stick
    pliki zari‎ ― naked branches
    pliks stumbrs‎ ― naked trunk
  4. without plants, without plant life, vegetation; without trees or plants nearby
    lopus pārdzina saimnieka plikajās ganībās‎ ― he drove the cattle to the farmer's naked pastures
  5. (about winter) without, or with little, snow
    plika ziema‎ ― naked (i.e., snowless) winter
  6. (about rooms, spaces) naked (without or with little furniture; without comfort)
    plika, kaila grīda‎ ― naked floor (with no cover)
  7. (about places, areas) undeveloped
    pliks laukums‎ ― naked ground
    plika vieta‎ ― naked place
  8. (about people) poor
    pliks mazsaimnieks‎ ― naked (= poor) peasant
    pliks kā baznīcas žurka‎ ― naked (= poor) as a church rat
  9. bare (by itself, without anything in addition)
    kur lai pliku dzīvību liekot, ja neesot darba un maizes?‎ ― where should we put our bare life, if there is no work and bread?
    bet kas liek sēdēt uz plikas algas?‎ ― but what makes us sit (= live on) bare wages?
  10. (food, beverages) without side dishess, without sauce, bare
    plikas putras‎ ― bare porridge
    kam es tās pankūkas cepu? rīt pat likšu galdā pliku maizes kukuli un sviestu‎ ― who am I baking these pancakes for? tomorrow I will put (only) bare bread and butter on the table
  11. bare (without justification or evidence; inconclusive)
    bieži vien es nezinu nenieka, bet izlāpos ar pliku nojautu‎ ― often I know nothing, I only play with bare presentiment
  12. bare, naked (without explanation, without illustrative material, without artistic style)
    plikas frāzes‎ ― bare sentences



Derived termsEdit



  1. used to represent the sound of liquid drops hitting an object or surface


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “pliks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7