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See also:
U+5E95, 底
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E95

[U+5E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E96]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 53 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹心一 (IHPM) or 戈竹女戈 (IHVI), four-corner 00242, composition广)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 344, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9262
  • Dae Jaweon: page 653, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 878, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5E95

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tiːl
*tiːl, *til
*tiːl
*tiːl
*tiːl, *djilʔ
*tiːl, *dil
*tiːl
*tiːl, *tiːls
*tiːl, *tiːlʔ, *tiːls
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ, *diːl
*tiːlʔ, *tjelʔ, *dil
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːlʔ
*tiːls
*tjelʔ, *tjil, *tjilʔ, *tjils
*til
*til
*til
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*dil
*tjil
*tjilʔ, *tjɯʔ
*tjilʔ
*tʰjil
*kjeʔ, *tjil

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːlʔ): semantic 广 (building) + phonetic  (OC *tiːl, *til) – the bottom or base, foundation of a building. Note that 氐 is a figure bowing or stooping, hence connotation of “down”.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • tái - vernacular;
  • tí - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • dā̤ - vernacular;
    • dī - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
      • té - literary;
      • tóe - vernacular;
      • tí - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
    • Zhangzhou:
      • té - literary;
      • tí - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
    • Taiwan:
      • té/tóe/tére - vernacular;
      • tí - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • doi2/doin2 - vernacular;
    • di2 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ti²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ti²¹³/
    Tianjin /ti¹³/
    Jinan /ti⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ti⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ti⁵³/
    Xi'an /ti⁵³/
    Xining /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ti⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ti⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ti⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ti⁴²/
    Chengdu /ti⁵³/
    Guiyang /ti⁴²/
    Kunming /ti⁵³/
    Nanjing /ti²¹²/
    Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ti⁵³/
    Pingyao /ti⁵³/
    Hohhot /ti⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
    Suzhou /ti⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ti⁵³/
    Wenzhou /tei³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ti³⁵/
    Tunxi /te³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ti⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ti⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ti²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /tai³¹/
    Taoyuan /tɑi³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐi³⁵/
    Nanning /tɐi²²/
    Hong Kong /tɐi³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /te⁵³/
    /tue⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tai²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /toi⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdi²¹³/
    /ʔdɔi²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /teiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /teiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /teiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tieiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tieiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˤijʔ/
    English bottom; stop, obstruct

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2244
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tiːlʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bottom; underneath; underside
    2. ground; background
    3. ins and outs; actual situation
    4. master copy
    5. end (of a year or month)
    6. remnants; remains; leftovers
    7. (Min Nan) inside
    8. (mathematics) base (of triangle, logarithm, etc.)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. possessive particle, equivalent to modern Mandarin (de)

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Min) which; what

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“which”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Chaozhou

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    そこ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana そこ, rōmaji soko)

    1. the bottom
       (そこ) (しず)
      soko ni shizumu
      sink to the bottom
    Derived termsEdit
    AntonymsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    てい
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (tejX).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana てい, rōmaji tei)

    1. base of a logarithm

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jeo, ji) (hangeul , , revised jeo, ji, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, chi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (để, đáy, đé, đẽ, đây)

    1. to place