Dutch

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch hebben, from Old Dutch hebben, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈɦɛbə(n)/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: heb‧ben
  • Rhymes: -ɛbən

Verb

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hebben

  1. (transitive) to have, to possess, own, hold
    Synonym: bezitten
    Hebt u een minuut?Do you have a minute?
  2. (transitive, medicine) to be afflicted with a disease
    Ik heb griep.I have the flu.
  3. (auxiliary) Used to form the perfect tense of the active voice of most verbs, together with a past participle.
    Ik heb het koekje opgegeten.I have eaten the biscuit.
    Ze hadden hun auto net gewassen.They had only just washed their car.
    Hij heeft naar huis moeten lopen.He has had to walk home.
    Ik heb hem horen praten.I have heard him speak.
    Dat had je moeten doen.You should have done that.
  4. (auxiliary, with te) must, to be obliged to, to be to
    Synonym: moeten
    Daar hebben we ons bij neer te leggen.We must accept that.

Conjugation

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Conjugation of hebben (weak, irregular)
infinitive hebben
past singular had
past participle gehad
infinitive hebben
gerund hebben n
present tense past tense
1st person singular heb had
2nd person sing. (jij) hebt, heb2 had
2nd person sing. (u) hebt, heeft had
2nd person sing. (gij) hebt hadt
3rd person singular heeft had
plural hebben hadden
subjunctive sing.1 hebbe hadde
subjunctive plur.1 hebben hadden
imperative sing. heb
imperative plur.1 hebt
participles hebbend gehad
1) Archaic. 2) In case of inversion.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Afrikaans:
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: ha, habu
  • Javindo: geef
  • Jersey Dutch: hävve, häbbe
  • Negerhollands: ha, a, hab

Low German

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old Saxon hebbian, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp). Compare Dutch hebben, German haben, West Frisian hawwe, English have, Danish have.

Verb

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hebben (third-person singular simple present hett, past tense harr, past participle hatt, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to have

Conjugation

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Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch hebben, from Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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hebben

  1. to have

Descendants

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Further reading

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Old Dutch

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *habbjan, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp).

Verb

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hebben

  1. to have

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

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Further reading

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  • hebben”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012