hebben

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch hebben, from Old Dutch hebban, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp). Compare Low German hebben, German haben, West Frisian hawwe, English have, Danish have.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hebben (past singular had, past participle gehad)

  1. (transitive) To have; to possess, own, hold.
    Hebt u een minuut?
    Do you have a minute?
  2. (transitive, medicine) to be afflicted with a disease
    Ik heb longkanker.
    I have lung cancer.
  3. (transitive, auxiliary) Used to form the perfect tense of the active voice of most verbs, together with a past participle.
    Ik heb het koekje opgegeten.
    I have eaten the biscuit.
    Ze hadden hun auto net gewassen.
    They had only just washed their car.
  4. (transitive, auxiliary) Used to form the perfect tense with the modal verbs (kunnen, zullen, hoeven, moeten, mogen, willen, durven, zien, horen).
    Hij heeft naar huis moeten lopen.
    He has had to walk home.
    Ik heb hem horen praten.
    I have heard him speak.
    Dat had je zullen doen.
    You had been going to do that.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

In spoken language of the Netherlands, heb is often used as second person singular present tense.

English: You didn't do that, did you?
Standard Dutch: Je hebt dat niet gedaan, toch?
Netherlandic: Je heb dat nie gedaan, toch?
Compare Flemish: G'ebt da toch nie gedaan? - ge/gij always requires a t

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • hebben en houden

Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon hebbian, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂p- (to grasp). Compare Dutch hebben, German haben, West Frisian hawwe, English have, Danish have.

VerbEdit

hebben (past singular harr, past participle hatt, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to have

ConjugationEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch hebban, from Proto-Germanic *habjaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hebben

  1. to have

DescendantsEdit

Last modified on 28 March 2014, at 04:16