See also: Servio and sérvio



From servus (slave, servant) +‎ -iō.



serviō (present infinitive servīre, perfect active servīvī or serviī, supine servītum); fourth conjugation, impersonal in the passive

  1. (with dative) I am a slave to; I serve
    • Seneca Minor, Epistulae Morales ad Lucilium, Epistula XCII
      Nemo liber est qui corpori servit.
      No one is free who is a slave to his body.
  2. (with dative) I am devoted to, subject to


The only passive forms found for this verb are third-person singular.

   Conjugation of serviō (fourth conjugation, impersonal in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serviō servīs servit servīmus servītis serviunt
imperfect serviēbam, servībam serviēbās, servībās serviēbat, servībat serviēbāmus, servībāmus serviēbātis, servībātis serviēbant, servībant
future serviam, servībō serviēs, servībis serviet, servībit serviēmus, servībimus serviētis, servībitis servient, servībunt
perfect servīvī, serviī servīvistī, servīstī, serviistī servīvit, servīt, serviit servīvimus, servīmus, serviimus servīvistis, servīstis, serviistis servīvērunt, servērunt, servīvēre, servēre, serviērunt, serviēre
pluperfect servīveram, servīram, servieram servīverās, servīrās, servierās servīverat, servīrat, servierat servīverāmus, servīrāmus, servierāmus servīverātis, servīrātis, servierātis servīverant, servīrant, servierant
future perfect servīverō, servīrō, servierō servīveris, servīris, servieris servīverit, servīrit, servierit servīverimus, servīrimus, servierimus servīveritis, servīritis, servieritis servīverint, servīrint, servierint
passive present servītur
imperfect serviēbātur
future serviētur
perfect servītum est
pluperfect servītum erat
future perfect servītum erit
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present serviam serviās serviat serviāmus serviātis serviant
imperfect servīrem servīrēs servīret servīrēmus servīrētis servīrent
perfect servīverim, servīrim, servierim servīverīs, servīrīs, servierīs servīverit, servīrit, servierit servīverīmus, servīrīmus, servierīmus servīverītis, servīrītis, servierītis servīverint, servīrint, servierint
pluperfect servīvissem, servīssem, serviissem servīvissēs, servīssēs, serviissēs servīvisset, servīsset, serviisset servīvissēmus, servīssēmus, serviissēmus servīvissētis, servīssētis, serviissētis servīvissent, servīssent, serviissent
passive present serviātur
imperfect servīrētur
perfect servītum sit
pluperfect servītum esset, servītum foret
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present servī servīte
future servītō servītō servītōte serviuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives servīre servīvisse, servīsse, serviisse servītūrum esse servīrī servītum esse
participles serviēns servītūrus servītum serviendum, serviundum
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
serviendī serviendō serviendum serviendō servītum servītū

Related termsEdit


See alsoEdit


  • servio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • servio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • servio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to accommodate oneself to circumstances: tempori servire, cedere
    • to look after, guard a person's interests, welfare: commodis alicuius servire
    • to have regard for one's good name: famae servire, consulere
    • to be the slave of one's desires: cupiditatibus servire, pārēre
    • to be careful of one's dignity: dignitati suae servire, consulere
    • (ambiguous) to examine slaves by torture: de servis quaerere (in dominum)