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EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From the genus name.

NounEdit

unio (plural unios)

  1. Any of the genus Unio of freshwater mussels.
    • 1894, Sleep of mollusks (in Popular Science, volume 45, number 1, May 1894, page 99)
      In June, 1850, a living pond mussel was sent to Dr. Gray from Australia which had been kept out of water more than a year, and instances of the survival of unios without moisture for long periods are not rare.

ReferencesEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /uˈnio/
  • Hyphenation: u‧ni‧o
  • Rhymes: -io

NounEdit

unio (accusative singular union, plural unioj, accusative plural uniojn)

  1. (politics) A union (of states)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

ūnus (one) +‎ -iō.

NounEdit

ūniō f (genitive ūniōnis); third declension

  1. (Late Latin) a unity, union
    • Eusebius Hyeronymus, Epistolae :
      Virga mater est Domini, simplex, pura, sincera, nullo extrinsecus germine cohaerente, et ad similitudinem Dei unione fecunda. Virgae flos Christus est, dicens: "Ego flos campi, et lilium convallium".
      The stalk is the mother of God, simple, pure, sincere, adjoined by no other sprout from outside, in a manner similar to the fertile unity of God. The flower of the stalk is Christ, saying, "I am the flower of the field, and the lilly of the valleys."
  2. (Ecclesiastical Latin) the number one, oneness, unity
    • Eusebius Hyeronymus, In Amos :
      Decas decima unione completur.
      A decade is complete with the tenth unit.
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ūniō ūniōnēs
Genitive ūniōnis ūniōnum
Dative ūniōnī ūniōnibus
Accusative ūniōnem ūniōnēs
Ablative ūniōne ūniōnibus
Vocative ūniō ūniōnēs
DescendantsEdit
  • Asturian: unión
  • Dutch: unie
  • English: union
  • French: union
  • Galician: unión
  • Italian: unione

Etymology 2Edit

ūnus (one) +‎ -iō.

VerbEdit

ūniō (present infinitive ūnīre, perfect active ūniī, supine ūnītum); fourth conjugation

  1. I unite, I combine into one.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of ūniō (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ūniō ūnīs ūnit ūnīmus ūnītis ūniunt
imperfect ūniēbam ūniēbās ūniēbat ūniēbāmus ūniēbātis ūniēbant
future ūniam ūniēs ūniet ūniēmus ūniētis ūnient
perfect ūniī ūniistī ūniit ūniimus ūniistis ūniērunt, ūniēre
pluperfect ūnieram ūnierās ūnierat ūnierāmus ūnierātis ūnierant
future perfect ūnierō ūnieris ūnierit ūnierimus ūnieritis ūnierint
passive present ūnior ūnīris, ūnīre ūnītur ūnīmur ūnīminī ūniuntur
imperfect ūniēbar ūniēbāris, ūniēbāre ūniēbātur ūniēbāmur ūniēbāminī ūniēbantur
future ūniar ūniēris, ūniēre ūniētur ūniēmur ūniēminī ūnientur
perfect ūnītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ūnītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ūnītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ūniam ūniās ūniat ūniāmus ūniātis ūniant
imperfect ūnīrem ūnīrēs ūnīret ūnīrēmus ūnīrētis ūnīrent
perfect ūnierim ūnierīs ūnierit ūnierīmus ūnierītis ūnierint
pluperfect ūniissem ūniissēs ūniisset ūniissēmus ūniissētis ūniissent
passive present ūniar ūniāris, ūniāre ūniātur ūniāmur ūniāminī ūniantur
imperfect ūnīrer ūnīrēris, ūnīrēre ūnīrētur ūnīrēmur ūnīrēminī ūnīrentur
perfect ūnītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ūnītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ūnī ūnīte
future ūnītō ūnītō ūnītōte ūniuntō
passive present ūnīre ūnīminī
future ūnītor ūnītor ūniuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ūnīre ūniisse ūnītūrum esse ūnīrī ūnītum esse ūnītum īrī
participles ūniēns ūnītūrus ūnītus ūniendus, ūniundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
ūniendī ūniendō ūniendum ūniendō ūnītum ūnītū
DescendantsEdit

See also descendants at ūnītus (perfect passive participle).

Further readingEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Traditionally considered to be the same as Etymology 1, but the masculine gender and semantic shift are hard to explain.

Alternatively from a Proto-Italic *uznjō, continuing a Proto-Indo-European *wósHr̥- ~ *usHén- (garlic, onion) seen also in Hittite 𒉿𒀸𒄩𒅈 (wašḫar, garlic), Sanskrit उष्ण (uṣṇa, onion), Pashto ووږه(wúģa, garlic), Khowar [script needed] (wəẓnū, garlic)[1].

NounEdit

ūniō m (genitive ūniōnis); third declension

  1. a kind of onion
    Caepam, quam vocant ūniōnem rūsticī.The onion, which peasants call unio.
  2. a kind of pearl
    Ūniō CleopatrānaeCleopatra's pearl
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ūniō ūniōnēs
Genitive ūniōnis ūniōnum
Dative ūniōnī ūniōnibus
Accusative ūniōnem ūniōnēs
Ablative ūniōne ūniōnibus
Vocative ūniō ūniōnēs
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

NounEdit

unio

  1. vocative singular of unia