See also: spat, Spat, spaț, spať, spát, şpat, ṣpät, and spAt

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German spǣte, from Old High German spāti, from Proto-West Germanic *spādī, from Proto-Germanic *spēdiz. Cognate with Hunsrik sped, from Low German späd, archaic Dutch spade (late). Probably related to sparen (to spare, conserve).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʃpɛːt/ (standard; used naturally in western Germany and Switzerland)
  • IPA(key): /ʃpeːt/ (overall more common; particularly northern and eastern regions)
  • Rhymes: -ɛːt, -eːt
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective edit

spät (strong nominative masculine singular später, comparative später, superlative am spätesten)

  1. late
    Antonym: früh

Usage notes edit

  • The English phrase I'm late cannot be literally translated into German (*Ich bin spät). Colloquial German has Ich bin zu spät, and more formal versions are Ich komme zu spät and Ich bin verspätet.
  • The phrase Ich bin spät dran implies slight lateness or can mean that one has been delayed but may still manage to arrive on time.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • spät” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • spät” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • spät” in Duden online