GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From late Middle High German straf, further origin uncertain. However, a semantic connection Proto-Indo-European *(s)ter(h₁)- (to be stiff; be rigid; exert) has been proposed.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʃtʁaf/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: straff

AdjectiveEdit

straff (comparative straffer, superlative am straffsten)

  1. tight, firm, of an object that could also be slack

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German or German Low German; compare with German Strafe

NounEdit

straff m (definite singular straffen, indefinite plural straffer, definite plural straffene)

  1. a punishment
  2. a penalty
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

straff

  1. imperative of straffe

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German or German Low German; compare with German Strafe

NounEdit

straff f (definite singular straffa, indefinite plural straffer, definite plural straffene)

  1. a punishment
  2. a penalty

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German or German Low German; compare with German Strafe.


PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

straff n or c

  1. (neuter) a punishment, a penalty
  2. (law, neuter) sentence
  3. (soccer, common) Clipping of straffspark (penalty kick).
  4. (ice hockey, common) penalty shot

DeclensionEdit

Declension of straff 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative straff straffet straff straffen
Genitive straffs straffets straffs straffens
Declension of straff 3, 4
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative straff straffen straffar straffarna
Genitive straffs straffens straffars straffarnas

Related termsEdit