See also: сера and čepa

GalicianEdit

 
A birch tree growing from the cepa of a chestnut tree, A Cervela, Galicia

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cepa, from Latin cippus (post).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈθepa̝/, (western) /ˈsepa̝/

NounEdit

cepa m (plural cepas)

  1. stump; also the trunk of a living tree that has suffered many prunings
    Synonyms: carocha, coto, cozo, toco
  2. charcoal
  3. post, column
    Synonyms: , poste
  4. trunk of a vine and the vine itself
    Synonym: bacelo

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cepa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • cepa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • cepa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • cepa” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cepa” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A loanword from an unknown, possibly substrate, language. Perhaps related to Ancient Greek κάπια (kápia, onions), Albanian qepë and Welsh cenhinen (leek).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cēpa f (genitive cēpae); first declension

  1. onion
    Synonym: ūniō

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cēpa cēpae
Genitive cēpae cēpārum
Dative cēpae cēpīs
Accusative cēpam cēpās
Ablative cēpā cēpīs
Vocative cēpa cēpae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: tseapã, tsiape
    • Romanian: ceapă
    • Albanian: qepë
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Borrowings:

ReferencesEdit

  • cepa”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cepa”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cepa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 108

LatvianEdit

VerbEdit

cepa

  1. 3rd person singular past indicative form of cept
  2. 3rd person plural past indicative form of cept

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sɛ.pa/
  • Rhymes: -ɛpa
  • Syllabification: ce‧pa

NounEdit

cepa m inan

  1. genitive singular of cep

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

cepa f (plural cepas)

  1. (microbiology) strain (variant of a virus)
  2. kind (a type, race or category)
    Synonyms: tipo, classe, laia, feitio
  3. vine (climbing plant that produces grapes)
    Synonyms: vinha, vide, videira
  4. stump (remains of a plant that has been cut off), especially one used to make charcoal

RukaiEdit

NounEdit

cepa

  1. adulteress; wanton woman

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From cepo.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθepa/, [ˈθe.pa]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsepa/, [ˈse.pa]

NounEdit

cepa f (plural cepas)

  1. (wine) variety
  2. (microbiology, virology) strain
    cepa de hongosstrain of fungi
    • 2020 December 21, Ferran Bono; Guillermo Vega; Rafa Burgos, ““En Londres la gente pasa de llevar mascarilla en la calle y no parece muy preocupada por la nueva cepa””, in El País[1]:
      En eso y en que tampoco parecen de momento muy alarmados los ciudadanos de una de las capitales financieras del mundo por la aparición en su país de una nueva cepa del coronavirus, con mayor poder de contagio.
      Besides this, the citizens of one of the world's largest financial capitals don't seem very concerned with the appearance of a new strain of the coronavirus in their country, one with greater contagious power.
  3. rootstalk, rhizome (underground stem base)
  4. grapevine stock, grapevine
  5. root (of an animal's tail or horns, etc.)
  6. ancestry, stock, origin (of family lineage)
    Synonym: linaje
    de buena cepaof good stock
  7. (architecture) pier (of an arch or bridge)
  8. nucleus (of cloud formation)
    Synonym: núcleo

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit