See also: väre

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

All forms except the present are from Old Danish wæræ, waræ, from Old Norse vera, vesa, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną (to be), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes- (to dwell, live, reside). The present tense is derived from a different root: Proto-Germanic *izum, *izud, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be), which is also the origin of English is, are, Latin sum, and German ist. In Scandinavian, the singular has taken over the stem of the plural (with -z- > -r-).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈvɛːʁə/, [ˈʋɛːɐ], [ˈʋɛːɒ̽]

VerbEdit

være (present tense er, past tense var, perfect tense har været)

  1. (copulative) to be (expresses identity between the subject and a predicative)
    Kierkegaard er en berømt filosof.
    Kierkegaard is a famous philosopher.
  2. (intransitive) to be, exist (with an adverbial phrase and/or the dummy subject der)
    På kontoret var (der) 15 ansatte.
    There were 15 employees in the office.
  3. (intransitive) to be (in cleft sentences emphasizing a noun phrase, with the dummy subject det and a relative clause)
    Det er Anders der har spist kagen.
    It was Anders who ate the cake.
  4. (auxiliary) to be (passive perfect tense with the past participle)
    Huset er bygget af træ.
    The house is built from wood.
  5. (auxiliary) to have (active perfect tense with the past participle of certain intransitive verbs)
    Pigen er løbet væk.
    The girl has run away.
    Synonym: have (used with most words)

InflectionEdit

Note also archaic plural form ere (Vi ere - "We are")

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

All forms except the present are from Old Norse vera, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną (to be), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wes- (to dwell, live, reside). The present tense is derived from a different root: Proto-Germanic *izum, *izud, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be), which is also the origin of English is, are, Latin sum, and German ist.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

være (imperative vær, present tense er, simple past var, past participle vært, present participle værende)

  1. to be
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse viðra, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *weyd-.

VerbEdit

være (imperative vær, present tense værer, simple past and past participle væra or været, present participle værende)

  1. (archaic) to sense or feel
    Jeg værer fiendtlighet mellom Ola og Per.
    I can sense hostility between Ola and Per.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See vera.

NounEdit

være n (definite singular været, indefinite plural være, definite plural væra)

  1. an existence in a location
  2. a place or location that someone or something can exist

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

være

  1. definite singular of vær
  2. plural of vær

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

være (present tense er, past tense var, past participle vore, passive infinitive værast, present participle værande, imperative vær)

  1. (pre-1938) alternative form of vere