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See also: ViVa and vivá

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Interjection

Noun

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from Italian viva.

InterjectionEdit

viva!

  1. Long live ... ! (used to express acclaim or support).
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

viva (third-person singular simple present vivas, present participle vivaing, simple past and past participle vivaed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, dated) To cheer, applaud
    • 1841, Joseph Bullar, Henry Bullar, A winter in the Azores, and a summer at the baths of the Furnas
      ...the people clapped and vivaed, groaned and hooted, as they were pleased or disappointed, until at length the intense excitement began to subside...
    • 1859, The Atlantic Monthly
      The next evening Paine went to the theatre. The state-box had been prepared for him. The house rose and vivaed as he entered.
    • 1857, George Payne R James, Leonora d'Orco
      ...did you not hear how the beasts last night were cheering and vivaing those French heretics?

NounEdit

viva (plural vivas)

  1. A shout of applause.
    • 1855, Mayne Reid, The White Chief: A Legend of Northern Mexico (page 89)
      When the cibolero returned to the plain, he was received with a fresh burst of vivas, and kerchiefs were waved to greet him.

Etymology 2Edit

Shortened from viva voce, Latin for “live voice”

PronunciationEdit

enPR: vīvər

NounEdit

viva (plural vivas)

  1. An oral examination, typically for an academic qualification.

VerbEdit

viva (third-person singular simple present vivas, present participle vivaing, simple past and past participle vivaed)

  1. (transitive) To subject to an examination of this kind.
    • 1931, Henry Sanderson Furniss Sanderson, Memories of sixty years
      I was vivaed by Charles Cannan, who was then a Fellow of Trinity...
    • 1972, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
      Throughout his life, he took college responsibilities seriously, he came to All Souls whenever possible on weekends, he vivaed or interviewed candidates...
    • 2009, Gianni Paganini, Jose Raimundo Maia Neto, Renaissance Scepticisms
      My doctoral thesis was vivaed three years before the publication of the revised and expanded edition of Richard H. Popkin's work...

CatalanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

viva f sg

  1. feminine singular of viu

EsperantoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

viva (accusative singular vivan, plural vivaj, accusative plural vivajn)

  1. alive
  2. (figuratively) lively
  3. (music, broadcasting) live

Related termsEdit


GalicianEdit

ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

viva

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of vivere
  2. second-person singular present subjunctive of vivere
  3. third-person singular present subjunctive of vivere
  4. third-person singular imperative of vivere

AdjectiveEdit

viva f sg

  1. Feminine singular of adjective vivo.

InterjectionEdit

viva!

  1. hooray!
  2. long live ... !
  3. three cheers for ... !

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vīva

  1. nominative feminine singular of vīvus
  2. nominative neuter plural of vīvus
  3. accusative neuter plural of vīvus
  4. vocative feminine singular of vīvus
  5. nominative neuter plural of vīvus

vīvā

  1. ablative feminine singular of vīvus

ReferencesEdit

  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “viva”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre

NovialEdit

VerbEdit

viva (past vivad, active participle vivant, passive participle vivat)

  1. live

ConjugationEdit



PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

viva f sg

  1. Feminine singular of adjective vivo.

VerbEdit

viva

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of viver
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of viver
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of viver
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of viver

NounEdit

viva m (plural vivas)

  1. hooray (a shout to signify victory)

InterjectionEdit

viva!

  1. hooray!
  2. three cheers for ...!
  3. (as a greeting) hello!, hi!
  4. bless you! (said to someone who has just sneezed, as a polite remark)

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

viva f sg

  1. Feminine singular of adjective vivo.

VerbEdit

viva

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of vivir.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of vivir.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of vivir.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of vivir.

Usage notesEdit

Used as a general exclamation of honor, as in “Viva México!” Usually rendered as “long live”, though used more generally than people, as in the informal English yay, go. Cognate to French vive (and Italian and Portuguese viva), of identical usage.

QuotationsEdit

 
“¡Viva México!”, Grito de Dolores 2008
  • Grito de Dolores – traditional independence day cry
    ¡Vivan los heroes que nos dieron patria! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva Hidalgo! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva Morelos! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva Allende! ¡Viva!
    ¡Vivan Aldama y Matamoros! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva nuestra independencia! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva México! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva México! ¡Viva!
    ¡Viva México! ¡Viva!

AntonymsEdit