See also: bravó, bravò, and Bravo

Translingual

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Noun

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bravo

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Bravo of the ICAO/NATO radiotelephony alphabet.

English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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From Italian bravo. Doublet of brave.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bravo (plural bravos or bravoes or bravi)

  1. (plural "bravi") A hired soldier; an assassin; a desperado.
    • 1753, Theophilus Cibber, The Lives of the Poets of Great Britain and Ireland (1753)[1]:
      As for Rochester, he had not genius enough to enter the lists with Dryden, so he fell upon another method of revenge; and meanly hired bravoes to assault him.
    • 1911, H. Rider Haggard, Red Eve[2]:
      "Why should I fight the King of England's bravoes?" inquired Acour in a languid voice of those who stood about him, a question at which they laughed.
    • 1953, Raymond Chandler, The Long Goodbye, Penguin, published 2010, page 104:
      Because the headache will always be there, a weapon that never wears out and is as deadly as the bravo’s rapier or Lucrezia's poison vial.
  2. A shout of "bravo!"
    • 1907, Kate Dickinson Sweetser, Boys and girls from Thackeray[3]:
      There was a roar of bravoes rang through the house; Pen bellowing with the loudest.
  3. (international standards, plural "bravos") Alternative letter-case form of Bravo from the NATO/ICAO Phonetic Alphabet.

Synonyms

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Interjection

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bravo!

  1. Used to express acclaim, especially to a performer.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:well done
    Bravo, you have done a brilliant job!

Usage notes

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Sometimes the (non-anglicized) Italian female form brava is used for a woman, and the Italian plural forms brave f pl and bravi pl (masculine or mixed).

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Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

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bravo (third-person singular simple present bravos or bravoes, present participle bravoing, simple past and past participle bravoed)

  1. To cheer or applaud, especially by saying bravo!
    • 1910, May Agnes Fleming, The Baronet's Bride[4]:
      "And my Sunbeam was bravoed, and encored, and crowned with flowers, was she not?"
    • 1899, Richard Le Gallienne, Young Lives[5]:
      Together they had bravoed the great tragedians, and together hopelessly worshipped the beautiful faces, enskied and sainted, of famous actresses.

Asturian

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Adjective

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bravo

  1. neuter of bravu

Finnish

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Etymology

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Italian bravo

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɑʋo(ː)/, [ˈbrɑ̝ʋo̞(ː)]
  • IPA(key): /brɑˈʋo(ː)/, [brɑ̝ˈʋo̞(ː)]
  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɑːʋo/, [ˈbrɑ̝ːʋo̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɑʋo
  • Syllabification(key): bra‧vo

Interjection

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bravo

  1. bravo

Further reading

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French

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Italian bravo. Doublet of brave.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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bravo

  1. bravo!, hear, hear!, well said!, well done!

Noun

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bravo m (plural bravos)

  1. (in the plural) applause, cheers
  2. swordsman
    Synonym: spadassin
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Further reading

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Galician

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Galician-Portuguese bravo, from Latin barbarus,[1] which was frequently found in Galician medieval Latin documentation with the meaning of "uncultivated, fallow".[2] Alternatively from Vulgar Latin *bravus or *brabus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus.

Adjective

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bravo (feminine brava, masculine plural bravos, feminine plural bravas)

  1. uncultivated, harsh, rough (when referring to a land)
    • 1334, M. Lucas Alvarez & P. P. Lucas Domínguez (eds. ), San Pedro de Ramirás. Un monasterio femenino en la Edad Media. Santiago: Caixa Galicia, page 487:
      et nos dedes delle en cada ano terça do pan e do viño, e de lino e de liguma do feytuo, e do monte bravo que aromperdes
      and you'll give us each year a third of the grain and of the wine, of the flax, and of the pulses, and of the uncultivated lands that you could plough up
  2. wild, spontaneous (when referring to a plant)
    Synonym: ventureiro
  3. wild, untamed (when referring to an animal)
    Synonym: salvaxe
  4. harsh, fierce
    • 1364, Clara Rodríguez Núñez (ed.), "Santa María de Belvís, un convento mendicante femenino en la Baja Edad Media (1305-1400)", Estudios Mindonienses, 5, page 441:
      son ende quatro boys, dous bravos et dous massos
      there are four oxen: two are fierce and two are meek
    Synonym: fero
  5. strong (when referring to a beverage) or hot spicy
    Synonym: forte
  6. bold, valiant
    Synonyms: afouto, arriscado, valente
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Interjection

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bravo!

  1. bravo!

References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “bravo”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • bravo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • bravo” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • bravo” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Joan Coromines, José A. Pascual (1983–1991) “bravo”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos
  2. ^ barbaras in Gallaeciae Monumenta Historica.

Indonesian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbra.vo/
  • Rhymes: -vo
  • Hyphenation: bra‧vo

Interjection

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bravo

  1. bravo, well done!, good show!
    Synonym: syabas

Further reading

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Italian

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Etymology

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Uncertain. Probably from Vulgar Latin *bravus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus.[1] Less likely from Provençal brau (show-off), from Gaulish *bragos (compare Middle Irish breagha (modern breá) 'fine', Breton braga 'to strut').[2] Or perhaps borrowed from a descendant of Proto-Germanic *hrawaz (raw, uncooked). Or possibly from a root *bravus, from bravium. Borrowed into French and English as brave.

Pierre Carpentier, in an 18th-century edition of du Cange's 17th-century dictionary of medieval and modern Latin, argued Latin branus originated in a misreading of Italian and Spanish bravo.[3] However, George Nicholson argues the opposite in a 1950 Festschrift article, namely bravo being a misreading of Latin branus, which would have the origin du Cange had originally argued for, from Old French brahaigne (barren) (see barren).[2] Compare English gravy, possibly a misreading of French grané (stew).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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bravo (feminine brava, masculine plural bravi, feminine plural brave, superlative bravissimo)

  1. (prepositional) good, well-behaved
  2. good, skilful, capable, clever, fine
  3. good, obedient
  4. (obsolete) brave, bold
  5. (obsolete) wild, untamed (of animals)
  6. (obsolete) harsh (of places)
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Noun

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bravo m (plural bravi)

  1. henchman

Interjection

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bravo m (feminine brava, masculine plural bravi, feminine plural brave)

  1. well done!, good show!
  2. (theater) bravo!

Descendants

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  • English: bravo
  • French: bravo
  • Italian: bravo
  • Romanian: bravo
  • Turkish: bravo

References

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Portuguese

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Pronunciation

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  • Rhymes: -avu, (Northern Portugal) -abu
  • Hyphenation: bra‧vo

Etymology 1

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From Old Galician-Portuguese bravo, possibly from Vulgar Latin *bravus or *brabus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus.

Alternative forms

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Adjective

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bravo (feminine brava, masculine plural bravos, feminine plural bravas, comparable, comparative mais bravo, superlative o mais bravo or bravíssimo, diminutive bravinho, augmentative bravão)

  1. angry; furious, annoyed
    Synonyms: furioso, irado, raivoso, enraivecido
    Fico bravo quando você entra sem bater.
    I get angry when you enter without knocking first.
  2. brave; valiant, courageous
    Synonyms: valente, destemido, corajoso
  3. coarse; uneducated, uncivilized
    Synonyms: bárbaro, rude, grosseiro
  4. prone to irritation, easily angered, bad-tempered, choleric
    Synonyms: genioso, irritadiço
  5. rigorous, authoritarian
    Synonyms: rígido, rigoroso, severo
  6. (of a person, or situation) difficult, unmanageable
    Synonyms: ruço, difícil
  7. (of an animal) undomesticated
    Synonyms: bravio, silvestre
  8. (of a plant, or vegetable) spontaneous, weed
    Synonym: espontâneo
  9. (of the land) uncultivated
    Synonyms: bravio, inculto
  10. (of the sea) stormy
    Synonym: tempestuoso
  11. (Brazil, slang) a term akin to English dope, hard; meaning cool or good, usually with aggressive connotation
Derived terms
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Noun

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bravo m (plural bravos)

  1. (Brazil) a certain part of an oxcart
  2. (North Brazil) a neophyte to rubber tapping, a novice seringueiro

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Interjection

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bravo!

  1. bravo! well done!
    Bravo! Você acertou!
    Bravo! You got it right!

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French bravo or Italian bravo.

Interjection

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bravo

  1. bravo

Spanish

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbɾabo/ [ˈbɾa.β̞o]
  • Rhymes: -abo
  • Syllabification: bra‧vo

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Spanish bravo, possibly from Vulgar Latin *bravus or *brabus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus (or from metathesis of an intermediate form *babru-).[1]

Adjective

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bravo (feminine brava, masculine plural bravos, feminine plural bravas, superlative bravísimo)

  1. angry, furious
    Synonyms: enojado, enfadado, fiero, mañoso
  2. bold, courageous
    Synonym: valiente
  3. skilful, capable, clever, fine
  4. good, excellent
  5. agitated (sea)
  6. wild (animal)
    Synonym: salvaje
Derived terms
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Interjection

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¡bravo!

  1. (in general use) well done!, good show!
  2. (at the theatre, etc) bravo!

Further reading

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References

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Swedish

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Etymology

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Internationalism, from Italian bravo.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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bravo

  1. bravo

Derived terms

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References

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Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish براوو, from Italian bravo.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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bravo!

  1. well done!, good show!
  2. (theater) bravo!