See also:
U+5BCC, 富
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BCC

[U+5BCB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BCD]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

Stroke order (Japan)
 

(radical 40, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十一口田 (JMRW), four-corner 30606, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 288, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7230
  • Dae Jaweon: page 571, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 942, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5BCC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𫲷 second round simplified
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯɡs): semantic + phonetic (OC *pʰrɯɡ, *bɯɡ).

EtymologyEdit

Bodman (1980) compares it to Tibetan ཕྱུག (phyug, rich; wealthy), ཕྱུགས (phyugs, all beasts that can be domesticated or subjugated by man; cattle), but the vowels do not match with Chinese (Schuessler, 2007).

Sagart (1999) relates it to (OC *puːʔ), but see there for more. In later work, Sagart (2011b, 2017d) connects it to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *pʷak (pig), comparing the semantic development from “pig” to “rich” to Latin pecunia (money), which is derived from Latin pecu (cattle; domestic animals), and tentatively reconstructs Proto-Sino-Tibetan *C.pək (pig). However, the Tibeto-Burman word for “pig” is usually compared to (OC *praː, “sow”).

Cognate with (OC *pɯɡ, “blessing”) (Wang, 1982; Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hó - colloquial;
  • bó - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hù - literary;
    • pù - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fòu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    fau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pək-s/
    English rich; wealth

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3372
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯɡs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. abundant; ample
    2. rich; wealthy
    3. wealth
    4. to make rich; to make wealthy
    5. A surname​: Fu

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. wealth
    2. enrich
    3. abundant

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    とみ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb () (tomu, to be rich).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (とみ) (tomi

    1. wealth; fortune

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 부유할 (buyuhal bu))

    1. Hanja form? of (wealth).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: phú[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: phú[1][3][4][5]

    1. Hán tự form of phú (wealth).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit