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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English wīten (to accuse, reproach, punish, suspect), Old English wītan (to look, behold, see, guard, keep, impute or ascribe to, accuse, reproach, blame), from Proto-Germanic *wītaną. Connected to Old English wīte, see below.

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

wite (third-person singular simple present wites, present participle witing, simple past and past participle wited)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) To blame; regard as guilty, fault, accuse
    • Late 14th century, Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Wife of Bath's Tale’, Canterbury Tales:
      As help me God, I shal þee nevere smyte! / Þat I have doon, it is þyself to wyte.
      ‘The Miller's Prologue’, Canterbury Tales:
      And therfore if that I mysspeke or seye, Wyte it the ale of Southwerk, I you preye.
  2. To reproach, censure, mulct
  3. To observe, keep, guard, preserve, protect

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English wite (guilt, blameworthiness, blame, wrongdoing, misdeed, offense, punishment, retribution, fine, bote, customary rent), from Old English wīte (punishment, pain, torment), from Proto-Germanic *wītiją, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, find, behold).

NounEdit

wite (plural wites)

  1. (obsolete outside Scotland) Blame, responsibility, guilt.
    • 1485 July 31, Thomas Malory, “Capitulum XXVII”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book I, [London: William Caxton], OCLC 71490786; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur, London: Published by David Nutt, in the Strand, 1889, OCLC 890162034, page 027:
      :
      And so by fortune the ship drave unto a castle, and was all to-riven, and destroyed the most part []. So many lords and barons of this realm were displeased, for their children were so lost, and many put the wite on Merlin more than on Arthur; so what for dread and for love, they held their peace.
      1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xxiij, in Le Morte Darthur, book I:
      And so by fortune the shyp drofe vnto a castel and was al to ryuen and destroyed the most part []/ So many lordes and barons of this reame were displeasyd / for her children were so lost / and many put the wyte on Merlyn more than on Arthur / so what for drede and for loue they helde their pees
    • 1922, E. R. Eddison, The Worm Ouroboros, The Project Gutenberg, Australia:
      Nor I will not suffer mine indignation so to witwanton with fair justice as persuade me to put the wite on Witchland.
  2. Punishment, penalty, fine, bote, mulct.

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English witen, from Old English wītan (to see, accuse, go, depart), from Proto-Germanic *wītaną, from Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to see, find, behold).

VerbEdit

wite (third-person singular simple present wites, present participle witing, simple past and past participle wited)

  1. (obsolete or poetic) To go, go away, depart, perish, vanish

ReferencesEdit

  • Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Frisian wīte, Old Saxon wīti, Dutch wijte, Old High German wīzi, Old Norse víti.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

wīte n (nominative plural wītu)

  1. punishment, torment, torture
    ƿíte ƿealdeþ. — He is the disposer of punishment. (He wields punishment.)
  2. plague, disease, evil, injury, pain
    Of ðam ƿíte gehǽled; — Healed of the disease.
  3. penalty, fine, bote: contribution, in money or food, to sustenance of king or his officers
  4. woe, misery, distress

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


ScotsEdit

VerbEdit

wite

  1. Alternative form of wyte

West FrisianEdit

VerbEdit

wite

  1. Alternative form of witte

InflectionEdit

Strong class 1
infinitive wite
3rd singular past wiet
past participle witen
infinitive wite
long infinitive witen
gerund witen n
indicative present tense past tense
1st singular wyt wiet
2nd singular wytst wietst
3rd singular wyt wiet
plural wite wieten
imperative wyt
participles witend witen