See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
丸-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a hand holding an object.

Also Simplified from in some characters, such as .

丸 丸
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 3 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 大弓戈 (KNI), four-corner 50017)

  1. small round object
  2. pellet, pill

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 94
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 42, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+4E38

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale yun2, yun4)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ball; circular things such as bullets or pills
  2. counter word for pills
  3. (Japanese only) being circular
  4. (Japanese only) make a thing circular
  5. (Japanese only) circle
  6. (Japanese only) a whole thing
  7. (Japanese only) suffix for names of ships

ReadingsEdit

  • Goon: がん (gan)
  • Kan’on: かん (kan)
  • Kun: まる (maru), まろ (maro), まる・い (丸い, maru-i), まる・かす (丸かす, maru-kasu), まろ・かす (丸かす, maro-kasu), まる・かせ (丸かせ, maru-kase), まろ・かせ (丸かせ, maro-kase), まる・ける (丸ける, maru-keru), まろ・かる (丸かる, maro-karu), まる・っこい (丸っこい, maru-kkoi), まろ・ぐ (丸ぐ, maro-gu), まる・ぐち (丸ぐち, maru-guchi), まる・ごと (丸ごと, maru-goto), まる・み (丸み, maru-mi), まる・む (丸む, maru-mu), まる・む (丸む, maro-mu), まる・まる (丸まる, maru-maru), まる・める (丸める, maru-meru), まろ・める (丸める, maro-meru), まろ・やか (丸やか, maro-yaka), まろ・らか (丸らか, maro-raka), (rare) たま (tama)
  • Nanori: たま (tama), (ma), まる (maru), まろ (maro), (wa), わに (wani)

CompoundsEdit

  • 一丸
  • 黒丸
  • 睾丸
  • 銃丸
  • 正露丸, 征露丸
  • 弾丸
  • 二重丸
  • 砲丸
  • 本丸
  • 丸々, 丸丸
  • 丸事
  • 丸味
  • 丸暗記, 丸諳記
  • 丸一
  • 丸一月
  • 丸一週間
  • 丸一日
  • 丸一年
  • 丸一晩
  • 丸屋根
  • 丸括弧
  • 丸瓦
  • 丸顔
  • 丸鋸
  • 丸型, 丸形
  • 丸公
  • 丸鋼
  • 丸腰
  • 丸剤
  • 丸材
  • 丸首
  • 丸十
  • 丸傷
  • 丸石
  • 丸窓
  • 丸損
  • 丸太
  • 丸帯
  • 丸底
  • 丸天井
  • 丸砥石
  • 丸禿
  • 丸秘
  • 丸鼻蜂
  • 丸坊主
  • 丸本
  • 丸網機
  • 丸木
  • 丸薬
  • 丸裸
  • 丸鑿
  • 丸髷

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 34
  • Halpern: 3417
  • Halpern Learners: 2134
  • Heisig: 44
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.28
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Related termsEdit

  • 丸で (まるで, marude)
  • 丸っこい
  • 丸まる
  • 丸み
  • 丸刈り
  • 丸々と, 丸丸と
  • 丸持ち
  • 丸焼き
  • 丸切り
  • 丸彫り
  • 丸儲け

NounEdit

(hiragana まる, romaji maru)

  1. circle
  2. (colloquial) 半濁点, a semi-voicing mark

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana まる, romaji maru-)

  1. whole, complete

Derived termsEdit

  • 丸っきり, 丸っ切り
  • 丸ごと
  • 丸覚え
  • 丸干し
  • 丸見え
  • 丸写し
  • 丸取り
  • 丸出し
  • 丸勝ち
  • 丸焼け
  • 丸洗い
  • 丸潰れ
  • 丸呑み
  • 丸負け
  • 丸抱え

SuffixEdit

(hiragana まる, romaji -maru)

  1. ending for ship names

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwan, McCune-Reischauer: hwan)
  • Name (hangeul): 둥글 (revised: dunggeul, McCune-Reischauer: tunggǔl)

ReferencesEdit


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin wán (wan2), Wade-Giles wan2)

CompoundsEdit


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ ôan, îⁿ, hôan)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoàn, hòn, giúp, xắp, xóp)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 14 November 2013, at 17:51