# ×

 × U+00D7, × MULTIPLICATION SIGN
 ← Ö[U+00D6] Latin-1 Supplement Ø →[U+00D8]

 ✕ U+2715, ✕ MULTIPLICATION X
 ← ✔[U+2714] Dingbats ✖ →[U+2716]

 ✖ U+2716, ✖ HEAVY MULTIPLICATION X
 ← ✕[U+2715] Dingbats ✗ →[U+2717]

## Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

### Glyph origin

Use as a multiplication sign is usually attributed to English mathematician William Oughtred.

### Pronunciation

• In English, the × symbol is usually read as times, but also as x (/ˈɛks/), timesed by, multiplied by or simply by (as in 4×4 or 2×4).
• The collaboration sense uses to be read as the name of the letter x in the embedding language.
• The biological hybrid sense likewise can be expressed as the name of the letter x, in English, as well as cross, by, a preceding hybrid species, silence, and by other solutions.
• The sense "times", as in 2× as much soap, can be pronounced times or x.

### Symbol

×

1. Multiplication.
7 × 8 = 56
2. Cartesian product, categorical product.
{1,2} × {3,4} = {(1,3),(1,4),(2,3),(2,4)}
3. Vector product, cross product.
(1,2,5) × (3,4,−1) = (−22, 16, −2)
4. (taxonomy) Used in various ways to indicate hybridization between two or more different taxa.
Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora; Ursus maritimus × Ursus arctos
5. (music, fashion, etc.) Used to denote collaboration in the design, execution or branding of a piece.
6. Used to denote the geometric dimensions of an object.
The dimensions of the box are 60 cm × 60 cm × 52 cm.
7. Times. (Often written x.)
2× as much soap as a regular bottle!
• 2011, Dmitry Telnov, Biodiversity, Biogeography and Nature Conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea: Volume 1 (in German), →ISBN, page 204:
Apikalglied nicht besonders lang, beim Männchen etwa doppelt so lang wie das vorletzte Glied. [...] Beine lang und schlank. Das Basalglied der Hintertarsen 1,3× so lang wie die restlichen Glieder zusammen.
(please add an English translation of this quotation)

Presentations of ✖︎
Text
style
Emoji
style
✖︎ ✖️
Note: Character's appearance
may be different on each system.
Text style is forced with &#xFE0E;
and emoji style with &#xFE0F;

#### Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:×.

#### Synonyms

• (multiplication): ·, *, x (now considered poor typography)

#### Antonyms

• (multiplication): ÷, /

• (vector): ·

## Chinese

### Particle

×

1. Used to refer to something not specified. Usually read as (mǒu).
×  ―  wáng mǒu  ―  Mr./Ms. Wang; someone surnamed Wang
2. Used to replace offensive characters. Usually read as (chā).
×  ―  shǎ chā  ―  stupid [censored]

## Italian

### Symbol

×

1. the multiplication sign, read per
2. a symbol sometimes used to stand for the preposition per

## Japanese

### Symbol

×(ばつ)

×(ペケ)

1. impossibility, futility

## Russian

### Symbol

×

1. multiplication sign, usually read as умно́жить (umnóžitʹ).

## Turkish

### Symbol

×

1. multiplication sign
7 × 8 = 56