× U+00D7, ×
Latin-1 Supplement Ø

U+2715, ✕


U+2716, ✖


Translingual edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin edit

Use as a multiplication sign is usually attributed to English mathematician William Oughtred.

Pronunciation edit

  • In English, the × symbol is usually read as times, but also as x (/ˈɛks/), timesed by, multiplied by or simply by (as in 4×4 or 2×4).
  • The collaboration sense uses to be read as the name of the letter x in the embedding language.
  • The biological hybrid sense likewise can be expressed as the name of the letter x, in English, as well as cross, by, a preceding hybrid species, silence, and by other solutions.
  • The sense "times", as in 2× as much soap, can be pronounced times or x.

Symbol edit


  1. (arithmetic) Multiplication.
    7 × 8 = 56
  2. (set theory, category theory) Cartesian product, categorical product.
    {1,2} × {3,4} = {(1,3),(1,4),(2,3),(2,4)}
  3. (linear algebra) Vector product, cross product.
    (1,2,5) × (3,4,−1) = (−22, 16, −2)
  4. (taxonomy) Used in various ways to indicate hybridization between two or more different taxa.
    Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora; Ursus maritimus × Ursus arctos
  5. (music, fashion, etc.) Used to denote collaboration in the design, execution or branding of a piece.
  6. Used to denote the geometric dimensions of an object.
    The dimensions of the box are 60 cm × 60 cm × 52 cm.
  7. Times. (Often written x.)
    2× as much soap as a regular bottle!
    • 2011, Dmitry Telnov, Biodiversity, Biogeography and Nature Conservation in Wallacea and New Guinea: Volume 1 (in German), →ISBN, page 204:
      Apikalglied nicht besonders lang, beim Männchen etwa doppelt so lang wie das vorletzte Glied. [...] Beine lang und schlank. Das Basalglied der Hintertarsen 1,3× so lang wie die restlichen Glieder zusammen.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Presentations of ✖︎
✖︎ ✖️
Note: Character's appearance
may be different on each system.
Text style is forced with ︎
and emoji style with ️

Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:×.

Synonyms edit

  • (multiplication): ·, *, x (now considered poor typography)

Antonyms edit

  • (multiplication): ÷, /

Related terms edit

  • (vector): ·

Chinese edit

Particle edit


  1. Used to refer to something not specified. Usually read as (mǒu).
    ×  ―  wáng mǒu  ―  Mr./Ms. Wang; someone surnamed Wang
  2. Used to replace offensive characters. Usually read as (chā).
    ×  ―  shǎ chā  ―  stupid [censored]

Italian edit

Symbol edit


  1. the multiplication sign, read per
  2. a symbol sometimes used to stand for the preposition per

Japanese edit

Symbol edit


  1. incorrect answer


  1. impossibility, futility

Antonyms edit

Russian edit

Symbol edit


  1. multiplication sign, usually read as умно́жить (umnóžitʹ).

Turkish edit

Symbol edit


  1. multiplication sign
    7 × 8 = 56

Synonyms edit